G66 ἄγριος
ruw, onbeschaafd, wild
Taal: Grieks

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'agrios, bn van ἀγρός G00068;


1) in de velden of bossen levend of groeiend 1a) van dieren, wild 1b) van landen, ruw, onbewerkt, onbebouwd 2) van mensen en dieren in morele zin, ruw, onbeschaafd, wild 2a) ruw, onbeschaafd, nors 2b) van hartstochten, heftig, hevig bewogen


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἄγριος, -α, -ον (< ἀγρός), [in LXX for שָׂדֶה H7704, etc.;] 1. living in fields, wild: μέλι. Mt 3:4, Mk 1:6. 2. savage, fierce: Ju 13. (Cf. usage in π. of a malignant wound; MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἄγριος, α, ον,
   Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.119 ; also ος, ον (not in Trag. or com). Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.88, Phocylides Lyricus 3.6, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 824a, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.36 : comparative -ώτερος Thucydides Historicus 6.60 : superlative -ώτατος Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 564a (ἀγρός): living in the fields, wild, savage.
__I of animals, opposed to τιθασός ἥμερος, wild, βάλλειν ἄγρια πάντα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.52; αἶξ, σῦς, 3.24, 9.539 ; even of flies, ἄ. φῦλα, μυίας 19.30 ; ἵπποι, ὄνοι, etc., Herodotus Historicus 7.86, etc. ; ἄ. τέρας, of a bull, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1214; ἄ. θηρία Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.7 ; of men, living in a wild state, Herodotus Historicus 4.191.
__I.2 of trees, opposed to ἥμερος, wild, Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 46, Herodotus Historicus 4.21, etc. ; μητρὸς ἀγρίας ἄπο ποτόν of the wild vine, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 614, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 896a8; ἄ. ἔλαιον Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1197; ὕλη prev. author “OT” 476, etc.; μέλι NT.Matt.3.4.
__I.3 of countries, wild, uncultivated, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 113b, “Lg.” 905b.
__II mostly of men, beasts, etc.:
__II.1 in moral sense, savage, fierce, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.96, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.199, etc., compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 567; δεσπότης Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 329c; ἄ. καὶ ἀπαίδευτος prev. author “Grg.” 510b; ἄγριε παῖ καὶ στυγνέ Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 23.19, compare 2.54 ; ἄ. κυβευτής a passionate gambler, Menander Comicus 965 ; especially of παιδερασταί, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 349 (cf. Scholia (at prev. work)), Aeschines Orator 1.52, Aen. Gaz. “Thphr.” p.14 Bacchylides Lyricus
__II.2 of temper, wild, fierce, θυμός, χόλος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.629, 4.23; λέων δ᾽ ὥς, ἄγρια οἶδεν 24.41; ἄ. πτόλεμος, μῶλος, 17.737, 398 ; ἄγριος ἄτη 19.88 ; ἄ. ὁδοί cruel ways or counsels, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1274; ὀργή “OT” 344 (Sup.) ; ἀγριώτατα ἤθεα Herodotus Historicus 4.106; ἔρωτες Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 81a; φιλία prev. author “Lg.” 837b, compare “R.” 572b, etc. ; τὸ ἄ. savageness, prev. author “Cra.” 394e ; ἐς τὸ -ώτερον to harsher measures, Thucydides Historicus prev. cited
__II.3 of things, circumstances, etc., cruel, harsh, δεσμά Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 177 ; νὺξ -ωτέρη wild, stormy, Herodotus Historicus 8.13; δουλεία Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 564a ; σύντασις ἀ. a violent strain, prev. author “Phlb.” 46d ; ἄ. βάρος, of strong, hot wine, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 351.
__II.3.b ἀ. νόσος, probably, malignant, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 173, 265; ἄ. ἕλκος Bion Bucolicus 1.16.
__III adverb -ίως, savagely, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 972, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 705 ; ἄγρια δερκομένω, παίσδων, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 236, Moschus Bucolicus 1.11. ᾱ Homerus Epicus ; ᾱ in trimeter, ᾰ in Lyric poetry Aeschylus Tragicus and Sophocles Tragicus ; ᾱ?~X Euripides Tragicus ; ῑ metri grat., where the ultima is long, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.313 (nisi to be read ἀγρίοο).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀγρός G68 "land, veld, grondbezit, akker";

Literatuur


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