G75 ἀγωνίζομαι
deelnemen aan een sportwedstrijd, vechten, inspanning nastreven (met)
Taal: Grieks

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Sport,

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Woordstudie

ago'nizomai, ww van ἀγών G00073; TDNT - 1:135,20;


1) deelnemen aan een sportwedstrijd 2) met tegenstanders strijden, vechten 3) metaf. strijden, worstelen, met moeilijkheden en gevaren 4) met inspanning nastreven: om iets te verkrijgen


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀγωνίζομαι (< ἀγών), [in LXX: Da TH 6:14 (שׂוּם בָּל H7760,H1079), Si 4:28, I, II, IV Mac5*;] 1. to contend for a prize: I Co 9:25, 2. to fight, struggle, strive: Jo 18:36; metaph. (MM, VGT, s.v.). Col 1:29 4:12, I Ti 4:10 6:12, II Ti 4:7; c. inf. (Field, Notes, 66), Lk 13:24 (Cremer, 609).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀγων-ίζομαι,
  future -ῐοῦμαι Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 992 , etc. (in passive sense, see infr. B); -ίσομαι only in late writers, as Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Abstinentia - Porphyrii Opuscula” 1.31; -ισθήσομαι Aristides Rhetor 1.504J. : aorist ἠγωνισάμην Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 427 , etc.: perfect ἠγώνισμαι (in active sense) Id “Ion” 939, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 993, Isocrates Orator 18.31 (passive, see infr. B): aorist ἠγωνίσθην in passive sense, infr. B: active form ἀγωνίσας “IG” 4.429 (from Sicyon): —
__A contend for a prize, especially in the public games, Herodotus Historicus 2.160, al.; πρός τινα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 579c, al. ; περί τινος about a thing, Herodotus Historicus 8.26; Ὀλυμπίασιν Plato Philosophus “Hp.Mi.” 364a; περὶ πρωτείων Demosthenes Orator 18.66; ὑπὲρ τῆς ἐλευθερίας prev. author 18.177: frequently with acc. cogn., ἀ. στάδιον Herodotus Historicus 5.22; τῶν ἀγώνων, οὓς περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς ἠγωνίζεσθε Demosthenes Orator 18.262 ; ἀγῶνα.. τόνδ᾽ ἠγωνίσω thou didst provoke this contest, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 427, compare “Ion” 939; ἠγωνίζου τι ἡμῖ; Plato Philosophus “Ion” 530a: metaph., τὰ τῆς ψυχῆς Ὀλύμπια Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “Abst.” prev. cited
__2 fight, Herodotus Historicus 1.76, 82, al.; περὶ τῶν ἁπάντων Thucydides Historicus 6.16; πρός τινα prev. author 1.36, compare 8.27: with acc. cogn., μῶν τι κεδνὸν-ίζετ; Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 795; μάχην -ίσαντο Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 637.
__3 contend for the prize on the stage, of the rhapsode, Herodotus Historicus 5.67 ; of the playwright, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 140, 419 ; of the actor, Demosthenes Orator 19.246, compare 250, Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1451a8 ; of the choragus, Demosthenes Orator 21.66: with acc., δράματα “IG” 12(7).226 (from Amorgos) : generally, contend for victory, καλῶς.. ἠγώνισαι Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 194a, compare “Mx.” 235d ; argue, ὅλῳ τῷ πράγματι about the question as a whole, “Hp.Mi.” 369c ; especially argue sophistically, opposed to διαλέγομαι, “Tht.” 167e.
__4 of public speaking, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.7.4; ἀ. πρὸς ἀπόδειξιν Aristoteles Philosophus “Fragmenta” 133 (Theodectes Tragicus cited in Rhetores Graeci 6.19 W.).
__II contend in court, as law term, Antipho Orator 5.7: with acc. cogn., ἀ. δίκην, γραφήν fight a cause to the last, Lysias Orator 3.20, Demosthenes Orator 23.100 ; ἀ. ψευδομαρτυριῶν (i.e. γραφήν) prev. author 24.131; ἀ. ἀγῶνα Andocides Orator 1.20, Lysias Orator 7,39 ; ἀ, φόνον fight against a charge of murder, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 336 ; αὐτοῖς ἀ. τοῖς πράγμασιν grapple with the facts of the case, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1404a5.
__III generally, struggle, exert oneself, with infinitive, Thucydides Historicus 4.87; εὖ ἀ. Lysias Orator 20.22, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Phocion” 37.
__B passive, to be decided by contest, brought to issue, mostly in perfect, πολλοὶ ἀγῶνες ἀγωνίδαται Herodotus Historicus 9.26 ; τὰ ἠγωνισμένα points at issue, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 465, Demosthenes Orator 24.145: rarely in present, ὁ ἀγωνιζόμενος νόμος the law on trial, Demosthenes Orator 24.28 ; or aorist, δεινὸς.. κίνδυνος ὑπὲρ τῆς.. ἐλευθερίας ἠγωνίσθη Lysias Orator 2.34 ; ἠγωνίσθη λαμπρῶς (impersonal) Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Sertorius” 21: future middle in passive sense, ἀγωνιεῖται καὶ κριθήσεται τὸ πρᾶγμα shall be brought to issue and determined, Demosthenes Orator 21.7.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀγών G73 "bijeenkomst, vergadering, conflict"; Grieks ἀνταγωνίζομαι G464 "strijden (tegen)"; Grieks καταγωνίζομαι G2610 "bestrijden, overwinnen, bedwingen"; Grieks συναγωνίζομαι G4865 "strijden (samen met iemand)";

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