G129 αἷμα
bloed
Taal: Grieks

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Bloed,

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Komt 99x voor in 14 Bijbelboeken.

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haima, zn o afleiding onzeker; TDNT - 1:172,26;


1) bloed 1a) van mensen of dieren 1b) verwijst naar de zetel van het leven 1c) van die dingen die op bloed lijken, druivensap 2) bloed vergieten, door geweld, doodslag, moord


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

αἷμα, ατος, τό, [in LXX for דָּם H1818;] blood. 1. In the ordinary sense: Mk 5:25, Lk 8:43, 44 22:44, Jo 19:34, Ac 15:20, 29 21:25, Re 8:7, 8 11:6 16:3, 4, 6 19:13. 2. (a) of generation, origin, kinship (cl.): Jo 1:13 (v. MM, VGT, s.v.); (b) as in OT (AR on Eph, 6:12), in the phrase σάρξ καὶ αἷ. (αἷ. κ. σ.), to indicate human nature as opp. to God and created spirits: Mt 16:17, I Co 15:50, Ga 1:16, Eph 6:12, He 2:14; (c) of things in colour resembling blood: Ac 2:19, 20, Re 6:12 14:18-20. (d) of bloodshed, a bloody death (cl.): Mt 23:30, 35 27:4, 6, 8, 24, 25, Lk 11:50, 51 13:1, Ac 1:19 5:28 18:6 20:26 22:20, He 12:4, Re 6:10 17:6 18:24 19:2 ; αἷ. ἐκχέειν (Deiss., LAE, 428; MM, VGT, s.v., αἷ.), Ro 3:15, Re 16:6; (e) of sacrificial blood, as an expiation: He 9:7, 12, 13, 18-22, 25 10:4 11:28 13:11; of the blood of Christ, Mt 26:28, Mk 14:24, Lk 22:20, Jo 6:53, 54, 56, Ac 20:28, Ro 3:25 5:9, I Co 10:16 11:25, 27, Eph 1:7 2:13, Col 1:20, He 9:12, 14 10:19, 29 12:24 13:20, I Pe 1:2, 19, I Jo 1:7 (cf. 5:6, 8), Re 1:5 5:9 7:14 12:11. (Cremer, 69 f., 612 f.)†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

αἷμα, ατος, τό,
  blood, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.303, etc.; φόνος αἵματος 16.162; ψυχῆς ἄκρατον αἷμα Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 786 : in plural, streams of blood, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1293, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 121, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 1172, Alcaeus496.
__2 of anything like blood, Βακχίου Timotheus Lyricus “Fragmenta” 7; αἷ. σταφυλῆς LXX.Sir.39.26, compare “App.Anth.” 3.166 (Proclus Philosophus). +5th c.BC+
__2.b dye obtained from ἄγχουσα, alkanet, PHolm. 15.25, “PLeid.X.” 99.3.
__3 with collateral meaning of spirit, courage, οὐκ ἔχων αἷμα pale, spiritless Aeschines Orator 3.160; τοὺς αἷμα φάσκοντας τὴν ψυχήν Aristoteles Philosophus “de Anima” 405b4.
__II bloodshcd, murder, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 520, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 101 ; ὅμαιμον αἷ. a kinsman's murder, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 449 ; εἴργασται μητρῷον αἷ. Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 285, compare 406 ; αἶ. πράττειν prev. work 1139; αἷμα συγγενὲς κτείνας Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 799.3 ; αἷμα τραγοκτόνον shedding of goat's blood, Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 139 ; ἐφ᾽ αἵματι φεύγειν to avoid trial for murder by going into exile, “SIG” 58 (Milet., 5th c.BC), Demosthenes Orator 21.105; αἷμα συγγενὲς φεύγων Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 148 : plural in this sense, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 66, 650, frequently in Euripides Tragicus, never in Sophocles Tragicus ; αἵματασύγγονα brothers' corpses, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1502: —concrete, νεακόνητον αἷ. keen-edged death, i. e. a sword, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1394 (explanation by μάχαιρα, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus).
__III blood relationship, kin, αἷ. τε καὶ γένος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.583; αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο 4.611; οΐ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.111 ; τὸ αἷ. τινος his blood or origin, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 11.34 ; αἷ. ἐμφύλιον incestuous kinship, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1406; τοὺς πρὸς αἵματος prev. author “Aj.” 1305, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1262a11 ; μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι akin to her by blood, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 606, compare “Th.” 141; ἀφ᾽ αἵματος ὑμετέρου Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 245.
__III.2 concrete, of a person, ὦ Διὸς.. αἷμα “IG” 14.1003.1, compare 1389 ii4, etc.

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