G243 ἄλλος
ander
Taal: Grieks

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Woordstudie

állos̱, bn een grondwoord; TDNT - 1:264,43;


een ander, ander


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἄλλος, -η, -ο, (cf. Lat. alius, Eng. else), [in LXX for אַחֵר ,אֶחָד H310,H259, etc.;] other, another: absol., Mt 20:3, al.; ἄ. δέ, I Co 3:10 12:8; pl., Mk 6:15; attached to a noun, Mt 2:12 4:21, al.; c. art., ὁ ἄ., the other, Mt 5:39, Jo 19:32 (Bl., §47, 8); οἱ ἄ., the others, the rest, Jo 20:25, I Co 14:29; ἄ. πρὸς ἄλλον = πρὸς ἀλλήλους (BL, §48, 10), Ac 2:12; ἄλλ’ (i.e. ἄλλο) (Bl., §77, 13), Lk 12:51; seq. πλήν, Mk 12:32; εἰ μή, Jo 6:22; παρά c. acc., I Co 3:11.

SYN.: ἕτερος, q.v. ἄ. denotes numerical, ἕ. qualitative difference (Cremer, 89). ἄ. generally "denotes simply distinction of individuals, ἕ. involves the secondary idea of difference in kind" (v. Lft., Meyer, Ramsay, on Ga 1:6, 7; Tr., Syn., §xcv; Bl., §51, 6; M, Pr., 79f., 246; MM, VGT, s.vv.). As to whether the distinction can be maintained in I Co 12:8, 10 v. ICC, in l., and on He 11:35f., v. Westc, in l.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἄλλος, η, ο,
   Cypria αἶλος “Inscription Cyprian dialect” 135 H. (from Idalion): (from ἀλ yος, cf. Latin alius):—another, i. e. one besides what has been mentioned, either adjective or pronoun: when adjective, its substantive is either in the same case, or in genitive, Ζεῦ ἄλλοι τε θεοί Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.476; θεῶν ἄ. 16.446: —ἄ. μέν.. ἄ. δέ.. one.. another.., more rarely the one.. the other.. (of two persons, etc.), Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.493, etc. ; τὰ μέν.. ἄλλα δέ.. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.147 , and Attic dialect; ἕτερον μέν.. ἄλλον δέ.. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.313 ; ἄλλο μέν.. ἑτέρου δέ.. Herodotus Historicus 1.32; θάτερον.. τὸ δ᾽ ἄλλο Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 962.
__II with τις, any other, οὐδέ τις ἄ. ἔγνω ἀλλ᾽ ἄρα Κασσάνδρη Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.697; ἄ. τις Herodotus Historicus 3.85 ; οὐδεὶς ἄ. no other, prev. passage ; ἄλλα πολλά Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.639; πολλὰ καὶ ἄλλα Thucydides Historicus 3.56; for εἴ τις ἄλλος prev. author 6.32, etc., and εἴ τις καὶ ἄ. Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.4.15, etc., see at {εἰ}.
__II.2 frequently with another of its own cases or derived Adverbs, ἄ. ἄλλα λέγει one man says one thing, one another, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.1.15; ἄ. ἄλλω᾽ ἔλεγεν Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 220c; ἄ. ἄλλῃ ἐτράπετο Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.8.19 ; see at {ἄλλοθεν, ἄλλοσε, ἄλλοτε}; also with Verb in plural, παραλαμβάνων ἄ. ἄλλον ἐπ᾽ ἄλλου, τὸν δ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἄλλου χρείᾳ.. ἐθέμεθα πόλιν ὄνομα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 369c, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.1.4, etc.: pl., ἄλλοι when the several parties are plural, λείπουσι τὸν λόφον.. ἄλλοι ἄλλοθεν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.10.13.
__II.3 ἄ. καὶ ἄ., one and then another, one or two, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.12 ; ἄλλο καὶ ἄλλο one thing after another, prev. author “Cyr.” 4.1.15 ; πρὸς ἄλλὡ καὶ ἄλλὡ σημείὡ to different points, Euclides Geometra 1.7.
__II.4 repeated for emphasis, ἄ. ἄ. τρόπος quite another sort, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 132.
__II.5 οὐδ᾽ ἄ. for οὐδέτερος, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 6.45.
__II.6 with Article, ὁ ἄλλος, the rest, all besides; in plural, οἱ ἄλλοι (Ionic dialect contraction ὧλλοι) all the others, the rest, frequently from Homerus Epicus downwards (ἄλλοι in same signification, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.1) ; τὰ ἄλλα, contraction τἆλλα, all else, τἆλλα πλὴν ὁ χρυσός “Scol.” 1 (Pytherm.) ; in Attic dialect frequently as adverb, for the rest, especially in amendments to decrees, τὰ μὲν ἄλλα καθάπερ ὁ δεῖνα κτλ. “IG” 1.27a70, etc.: of Time, ={τὸν ἄλλον χρόνον}, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 3.2.2 ; ὁ ἄ. χρόνος, ={ὁ λοιπὸς χρόνος}, of the future, Lysias Orator 14.4 (but also of the past, Demosthenes Orator 20.16) ; τῇ ἄλλῃ ἡμέρᾳ, τῷ ἄλλῳ ἔτει, next day, next year, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.13, 1.2.1 ; οἵτε ἄλλοι καί.. all others and especially.., γυναῖκας ἄλλας τε πολλὰς καὶ δὴκαὶ βασιλέος θυγατέρα Herodotus Historicus 1.1, etc. ; ἄλλα τε δὴ εἶπε, καί.. Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 142c; (see. ἄλλως 1): —τὸ ἄλλο is much less frequently than τὰ ἄλλα.
__II.7 with Numerals, yet, still, further, τρίτον ἄ. γένος Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 143 ; πέμπτος ποταμὸς ἄ. yet a fifth river, Herodotus Historicus 4.54, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 486, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1295, etc.
__II.8 in enumerations, as well, besides, ἅμα τῇγε καὶ ἀμφίπολοι κίον ἄλλαι with her their mistress came attendants also, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.84; μήτηρ ἠδὲ πατὴρ ἠδ᾽ ἄλλοι πάντες ἑταῖροι 9.367 ; οὐ γὰρ ἦν χόρτος οὐδὲ ἄ. δένδρον οὐδέν there was no grass nor any tree at all, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.5; πολιτῶν καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ξένων Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 473d ; προσοφλὼν οὐ τὴν ἐπωβελίαν μόνον ἀλλὰ καὶ ἄλλην ὕβριν besides, Aeschines Orator 1.163:—pleonastic, παρ᾽ ἀγγέλων ἄλλων ἀκούειν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 7, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.6.2; ἰδὼν ἐς πλησίον ἄλλον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.81; γυναικῶν τῶν ἄλλων μία Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 945; μόνη τῶν ἄλλων ἐπιστημῶν Plato Philosophus “Charmides” 166e ; with comparative, frequently in Homerus Epicus, οὔτις σεῖο νεώτερος ἄ. Ἀχαιῶν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.569, compare 22.106, al. ; with superlative, ὀϊζυρώτατος ἄλλων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.105.
__III less frequently, ={ἀλλοῖος}, of other sort, different, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.64, 21.22; ἄ. γέγονεν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 241a.
__III.2 in this sense, with genitive, ἄλλα τῶν δικαίων other than just, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.4.25: —followed by ἤ.., with preceding neg., οὐδὲ ἄλλο.., οὐδὲν ἄλλο (or ἄλλο οὐδέν).., ἤ.. nothing else than.., Herodotus Historicus 1.49, 7.168, Thucydides Historicus 4.14; οὐδὲν ἄλλο γ᾽ ἤπτήξας Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 209 ; ἃ μηδὲν ἄλλο ἢ διανεῖταί τις which one only thinks, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 195e:—more frequently in questions, τίς ἄλλος ἢ 'γώ..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 440 ; τί δ᾽ ἄλλογ᾽ ἢπόνοι..; prev. author “Th.” 852: elliptically, τί ἄλλο (i.e. πάσχω) ἢ ἱπποκένταυρος γίγνομα; Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.3.20 ; τί ἄλλο (i.e. ἐποίησαν) ἢ ἐπεβούλευσα; Thucydides Historicus 3.39:—followed by πλήν, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 125, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 39 ; by Preps., πρό.. Herodotus Historicus 3.85 ; ἀντί.. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 467 ; παρά.. Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 80b, etc.: with neg., sometimes followed by ἀλλά, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.403, 21.275: —see also ἄλλο τι.
__III.3 other than what is, untrue, unreal, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.348.
__III.4 other than right, wrong, bad, ἄλλου τινος ἡττῆσθαι yield to some unworthy motive, Demosthenes Orator 21.218, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.187d, etc. ; compare ἄλλως.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀλλά G235 "maar"; Grieks ἀλλάσσω G236 "ruilen"; Grieks ἀλλαχόθεν G237 "andere plaats (van e.)"; Grieks ἀλληγορέω G238 "allegorisch"; Grieks ἀλλότριος G245 "vreemd, buitenlands, vijand"; Grieks ἄλλως G247 "anderszins";

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