G318 ἀνάγκη
noodzaak
Taal: Grieks

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anagki̱, zn. vr. van ἀνά G00303 en de grondvorm van ἀγκάλη G00043; TDNT - 1:344,55;


1) noodzaak, opgelegd door de omstandigheden of door de wet van de plicht met het oog op iemands voordeel, zede, bewijsgrond; 2) ramp, smart, moeilijkheden;


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀνάγκη, -ης, ἡ [in LXX chiefly for מָצוֹק H4689, צַר H6862;] 1. necessity: ἔχειν ἀ-, c. inf., to be compelled, Lk 14:18 23:17 (Rec., R, mg.), I Co 7:37, Ju 3, He 7:27; ἐξ ἀ., κατ' ἀ., of necessity, II Co 9:7, He 7:12, Phm 14; ἀ. μοι ἐπίκειται, n. is laid on me, I Co 9:16; c. inf. (= ἀναγκαῖον ἐστι), Mt 18:7, Ro 13:5, He 9:16, 23 2. force, violence, hence pain, distress (Diod., al.; LXX; v. M, Th., 41; MM, VGT, s.v.; cf. θλίψις): Lk 21:23, I Co 7:26, I Th 3:7; pl. (v. Bl., § 32, 6; Swete, Mk., 153), ἐν ἀ., II Co 6:4 12:10.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀνάγκη,
  Ionic dialect and Epic dialect ἀναγκαίη, ἡ, force, constraint, necessity, κρατερὴ δ᾽ ἐπικείσετ᾽ ἀ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.458 ; ἀναγκαίη γὰρ ἐπείγει prev. work 85; ἀναγκαίῃ πολεμίζειν 4.300; τίς τοι ἀνάγκη πτώσσει; 5.633; οἷσιν ἀ. (i.e. φυλάσσειν) 10.418, al.: but in Homerus Epicus usually in dat. as adverb, ἀνάγκῃ perforce, of necessity, ἀείδειν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.154; φεύγειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.150 : in active sense, forcibly, by force, ἴσχειν, ἄγειν, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.557, 22.353; μνήσασθαι 7.217: strengthened by καί, 10.434; ὑπ᾽ ἀνάγκης 19.156 ; opposed to ἑκόντες, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 231a; ὑπ᾽ ἀναγκαίης Herodotus Historicus 7.172, al.; ἐξ ἀνάγκης Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 73, Thucydides Historicus 3.40, etc.; δι᾽ ἀνάγκης Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 47e; σὺν ἀνάγκᾳ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.51; πρὸς ἀνάγκαν Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 569 codices (Lyric poetry), compare Epictetus Philosophus “Enchiridion” 29.2; κατ᾽ ἀνάγκην Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.3.7: ἀνάγκη ἐστί, with infinitive, it must be that.., is necessary that.., compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” above quoted; πᾶσα ἀ. ἐστὶ ὗσαι Herodotus Historicus 2.22; τρέφειν τοὺς τοκέας τοῖσι μὲν παισὶν οὐδεμία ἀ., τῇσι δὲ θυγατράσι πᾶσα ἀ. prev. work 35 : with dative person, ἀ. μοι σχεθεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 16, compare “Pers.” 293: —in Trag. frequently in answers and arguments, πολλή γ᾽ ἀνάγκη, πολλή᾽ στ᾽ ἀνάγκη, or πολλή μ᾽ ἀνάγκη, with which an infinitive may always be supplied, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1013, “Hec.” 396, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 295; so πᾶσ᾽ ἀνάγκη “El.” 1497, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 441d ; ἀνάγκη μεγάλη ἐστί prev. work 485e, Isaeus Orator 3.6, Demosthenes Orator 28.9; ἐν ἀνάγκῃ ἐστί Lysias Orator 6.8: later ἀνάγκην ἔχω, with infinitive, NT.Luke.14.18.
__2 necessity in the philosophical sense, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Posteriora” 94b37, “Metaph.” 1026b28, “Ph.” 199b34 ; logical necessity, Metaph. 1064b33: in pl., laws of nature, τίσιν ἀνάγκαις ἕκαστα γίγνεται τῶν οὐρανίων Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.1.11, compare Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 21.
__2.b natural need, γαστρὸς ἀνάγκαις Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 726, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1075, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 7.1; ὑπ᾽ ἀ. τῆς ἐμφύτου Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 458d; ἐρωτικαῖς ἀ. prev. work, etc.
__2.c ἡ ἀ. τοῦ τόπου the lie of the ground as a necessary condition, PLille 4.14.
__2.d ἀνάγκη δαιμόνων, αἱ ἐκ θεῶν ἀνάγκαι, fate, destiny, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1000, 1763 : frequently personified in Poets, Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 8.30, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 116, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 105, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 256; Ἀνάγκᾳ δ᾽ οὐδὲ θεοὶ μάχονται Simonides Lyricus 5.21.
__3 compulsion exerted by a superior, ἀ. προστιθέναι, ἐπιτιθέναι, Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 9.4, “Lac.” 10.7.
__3.b violence, punishment, especially of torture, mostly plural, ἐς ἀνάγκας ἄγεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 1.116, compare Antipho Orator 6.25, Herodas Mimographus 5.5; προσάγειν τινὶ τὰς ἀνάγκας Thucydides Historicus 1.99 ; τὰ πρὸς ἀνάγκας ὄργανα instruments of torture, Polybius Historicus 15.28.2 : later in singular, ἡ ἀ. τῶν βασάνων Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.305e; πρὸς ἀνάγκην under torture, prev. author “Publ.” 17: metaph., Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τέχνης” 13 ; δολοποιὸς ἀ., i. e. the stratagem of Nessus, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 832; βρόχων πλεκταῖς ἀνάγκαις Xenarchus Comicus 1.9.
__3.c duress, 'force majeure', ὅρκους οὓς ποιέονται ἐν ἀνάγκῃ ὄντες Democritus Epigrammaticus 239 ; stress of circumstances, ἀκούσιοι ἀ. Thucydides Historicus 3.82.
__3.d treatment by mechanical force, τῶν ἀναγκῶν τινὰ προσφέρειν Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀγμῶν” 15, compare “Art.” 73.
__4 bodily pain, anguish, κατ᾽ ἀνάγκην ἕρπειν painfully, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 206 (Lyric poetry) ; ὑπ᾽ ἀνάγκης βοᾶν prev. work 215; ὠδίνων ἀνάγκαι Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 89 (Lyric poetry) : generally, distress, ἐν ἀνάγκαις γλυκὺ γίνεται καὶ τὸ σκληρόν Simonides Lyricus 226; frequently in LXX, LXX.Job.15.24, al.; ἡ ἐνεστῶσα ἀ. NT.1Cor.7.26: especially in pl., “IG” 12 (7).386.23 (Amorgos, 3rd c.BC), Diodorus Siculus Historicus 4.43, NT.2Cor.6.4, etc.
__II tie of blood, kindred, Lysias Orator 32.5.
__III ={ἡ δικαστικὴ κλεψύδρα}, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀγκάλη G43 "bocht"; Grieks ἀνά G303 "onder, tussen, midden (naar het)"; Grieks ἀναγκάζω G315 "noodzaken, dwingen, drijven tot, afdwingen"; Grieks ἀναγκαῖος G316 "noodzakelijk";

Literatuur


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