rust geven, verfrissen
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀνα-παύω, [in LXX for fourteen different words, chiefly נוּחַ H5117, also רָבַץ H7257, שָׁאַן H7599, etc.;], to give intermission from labour, to give rest, refresh: Mt 11:28, I Co 16:18, Phm 20; pass., Phm 7, II Co 7:13. Mid., to ta, rest, enjoy rest: Mt 26:45, Mk 6:31 14:41, Lk 12:19, Re 6:11 14:13; as in Heb. of Is 11:2 (נוּחַ עַל H5117,H5921), τὸ πνεῦμα ἐφ' ὑμᾶς ἀ., I Pe 4:14. (In π. this word is used as a technical agricultural term; v. MM, VGT, s.v.; and cf. Le 26:34 f.; Cremer, 826.)†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  poetry and Ionic dialect ἀμπ-, future middle ἀναπαύσομαι: aorist ἀνεπαυσάμην Attic dialect and Hellenistic (but ἀνεπαύθημεν LXX.Lam.5.5): later, aorist passive ἀναπάη “IG” 14.158: future passive ἀναπαήσομαι variant NT.Rev.14.13, al.: present middle ἀναπάεται “IG” 14.1717, compare “PTeb.” 264 :—make to cease, stop or hinder from a thing, χειμῶνος.. ὅς ῥά τε ἔργων ἀνθρώπους ἀνέπαυσεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.550 ; ἀ. τινὰ τοῦ πλάνου give him rest from wandering, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1113 ; τοὺς λειτουργοῦντας ἀ. (i.e. τῶν ἀναλωμάτων) to relieve them from.., Demosthenes Orator 42.25 compare 42.
__2 with accusative only, put an end to, βοήν Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1262 ; more frequently rest, make to halt, ἀ. στράτευμα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.1.4; κατὰ μέρος τοὺς ναύτας ἀ. prev. author “HG” 6.2.29; κάματον ἵππων ἀ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 192 (Lyric poetry); σῶμα Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1353 ; εἴδωλον ἀ. ἐπὶ ἅμαξαν lay it in a reposing posture, Aelianus “Varia Historia” 12.64, compare “NA” 7.29: abs., ἀνάπαυσον give me rest, Lucianus Sophista “Tyr.” 21.
__3 bring to a close, τὸν λόγον Hermogenes Rhetor “περὶ ἰδεῶν” 1.8.
__4 rarely intransitive in sense of middle, take rest, ἀναπαύοντες ἐν τῷ μέρει Thucydides Historicus 4.11; ἡσυχίαν εἶχε καὶ ἀνέπαυεν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.1.21.
__5 of land, cause to lie fallow, “PSI” 400.10 (3rd c.BC), “PTeb.” 105.3 (2nd c.BC).
__II in middle and passive, take rest, ἀναπαύου κακῶν take rest from.., Cratinus Comicus 297 ; ἀπὸ ναυμαχίας ἀ. rest after a sea-fight, Thucydides Historicus 7.73; ἐκ μακρᾶς ὁδοῦ Plato Philosophus “Critias” 106a ; ἀπ᾽ ἄγρας κεκμακὼς ἀμπαύσεται Πάν Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 1.17 ; especially of troops, halt, rest, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.4.3, etc. ; ἀναπεπ. τῶν εἰσφορῶν to be relieved from.., Isocrates Orator 8.20.
__II.2 absolutely, take one's rest, sleep, Herodotus Historicus 1.12, 2.95, al., Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 211, variant in Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 695, compare Lysias Orator 13.12, etc.
__II.2.b of land, lie fallow, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.11.
__II.2.c of the dead, ἀμπ. σὺν φιλίῃ ξυνῶς ἀλόχῳ “epigram Gr.” 520.5 (from Thessalonica) ; ὧδε ἀναπάεται “IG” 14.1717, compare Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 15.1; ἀ. τοῦ βίου 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus “Allegoriae Quaestiones Homericae” 68, Herodianus Grammaticus 3.15.2 ; ἀ. alone, die, prev. author 1.4.7, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.110f; ἀ. τὸν βίον “POxy.” 1121.12(3rd c.AD).
__II.2.d regain strength, uncertain reading in Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6 1.11.
__II.3 rest or settle upon an object, τὸ τοῦ Θεοῦ πνεῦμα ἐφ᾽ ὑμᾶς ἀναπαύεται NT.1Pet.4.14, cf. LXX.Isa.11.2 +NT; of shadows, Iamblichus Philosophus “Comm. in Mathematics texts” 8.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνά G303 "onder, tussen, midden (naar het)"; Grieks ἀνάπαυσις G372 "onderbreking, rust, ontspanning"; Grieks παύω G3973 "doen ophouden, ophouden (met)"; Grieks συναναπαύομαι G4875 "samen rust nemen, samen slapen met, liggen bij";



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