G630 ἀπολύω
vrijheid geven (de)
Taal: Grieks

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apolyo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀπο-λύω, [in LXX for שׁוּב H7725, etc., freq. in I-IV Mac;] 1. to set free, release: Lk 13:12, Jo 19:10, al.; a debtor, Mt 18:27; metaph., of forgiveness, Lk 6:37. 2. to let go, dismiss (Field, Notes, 9 f.): Mt 15:23, Lk 2:29 9:12, Ac 19:41, al.; of divorce, τ. γυναῖκα: Mt 1:19 5:31, 32 19:3, 8, 9, Mk 10:2, 4, 11, Lk 16:18; with ref. to Gk. and Rom. (net Jewish) custom, τ. ἄνδρα: Mk 10:12. Mid., to depart: Ac 28:25 (MM, s.v.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀπολύω
   see. λύω, future -λύσω, etc.: future passive
__A ἀπολελύσομαι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.2.37 :—loose from, ἱμάντα θοῶς ἀπέλυσε κορώνης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.46 ; ὄφρ᾽ ἀπὸ τοίχους λῦσε κλύδων τρόπιος the sides of the ship from the keel, prev. work 12.420 ; undo, ἀπὸ κρήδεμνον ἔλυσεν prev. work 3.392; ἐπιδέσματα Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀγμῶν” 25.
__A.2 set free, release, relieve from, ἀ. τινὰ τῆς φρουρῆς Herodotus Historicus 2.30; τῆς ἐπιμελείας Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.3.47; τῶν ἐκεῖ κακῶν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 365a; τὴν ψυχὴν ἀπὸ τῆς τοῦ σώματος κοινωνίας prev. author “Phd.” 65a, compare 67a ; ἀ. τῆς μετρήσεως save them from the trouble of measuring, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1257a40 :— passive, to be set free, τῶν δεινῶν, φόβου, Thucydides Historicus 1.70, 7.56, etc.
__A.2.b frequently in legal sense, ἀ. τῆς αἰτίης acquit of the charge, Herodotus Historicus 9.88, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.6.15 ; opposed to καταψηφίζω, Democritus Epigrammaticus 262; τῆς εὐθύνης Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 571: with infinitive, ἀ. τινὰ μὴ φῶρα εἶναι acquit of being a thief, Herodotus Historicus 2.174; so ἀπολύεται μὴ ἀδικεῖν Thucydides Historicus 1.95, compare 128 : absolutely, acquit, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 988, 1000, Lysias Orator 20.20, etc.
__A.II in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” always, ={ἀπολυτρόω} , release on receipt of ransom, οὐδ᾽ ἀπέλυσε θύγατρα καὶ οὐκ ἀπεδέξατ᾽ ἄποινα 1.95; Ἕκτορ᾽ ἔχει.. οὐδ᾽ ἀπέλυσεν 24.115, al. :—middle, set free by payment of ransom, ransom, redeem, χαλκοῦ τε χρυσοῦ τ᾽ ἀπολυσόμεθ᾽ at a price of.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.50 (but active in Prose, ἀπολύειν πολλῶν χρημάτων Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.8.21).
__A.II.2 let go, let alone, leave one, of an illness, Hippocrates Medicus “Κωακαὶ προγνώσιες” 564.
__A.III discharge, disband an army, ἀ. οἴκαδε Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.5.21 ; generally, dismiss, discharge, ἐμὲ.. ἀπέλυσ᾽ ἄδειπνον Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1155, compare Bion Bucolicus 1.96.
__A.III.2 divorce a wife, NT.Matt.1.19, etc.; τὸν ἄνδρα Diodorus Siculus Historicus 12.18.
__A.III.3 do away with, remove, αἰσχύνην Demosthenes Orator 20.47 :—passive, Antipho Orator 2.1.5.
__A.III.4 discharge or pay a debt, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 417b ; pay, ἀ. τὸν χαλκόν “PTeb.” 490 (1st c.BC) ; pay off a mortgage, “POxy.” 509.15.
__A.III.5 dismiss a charge, εἰσαγγελία ὑπὸ τοῦ κατηγόρου ἀπολελυμένη Hyperides Orator “pro Euxenippo” 38.
__A.IV ἀ. ἀνδράποδα Θρᾳξίν sell, Antipho Orator 5.20 ; ἀ. οἰκίαν τινί sell a mortgaged house outright, Isaeus Orator 6.33.
__A.V deliver, τί τινι “PFlor.” 123.2 (3rd c.AD): —passive , prev. work 228.6 (3rd c.AD).
__A.VI begin to count, μοίρας ἀπό.. Vett. Val. 135: abs., prev. author 19.19, Paulus Alexandrinus Astrologus “Q.” 2.
__A.VII intransitive, depart (cf. B.IV, C. 2), Polybius Historicus 3.69.14, al.
__B middle with aorist 2 ἀπελύμην (in passive sense), Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 3.128 :— redeem, see above Aeschylus Tragicus 11.
__B.II ἀπολύεσθαι διαβολάς do away with, refute calumnies against one, Thucydides Historicus 8.87, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 37b, al.: abs., Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1416b9.
__B.II.2 τὴν αἰτίαν, τὰς βλασφημίας, τὰ κατηγορημένα, Thucydides Historicus 5.75, Demosthenes Orator 15.2, 18.4: with gen., τῶν εἰς Ἀριστόβουλον -σασθαι Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 15.3.5.
__B.II.2.b refute, τοὺς ἐναντίους λόγους Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 126 ter: abs., ὁ δὲ ἀπολυόμενος ἔφη in defence, Herodotus Historicus 8.59.
__B.III like active, acquit, τοῦ μὴ κακῶς ἔχειν ἀλλ᾽ ὀρθῶς Plato Philosophus “Leges” 637c.
__B.III.2 release from, τοὺς Ἕλληνας ἀ. δουλείας prev. author “Mx.” 245a.
__B.IV like passive (with 11), depart, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1314 ; also, put off, πνεῦμα ἀ. “Anthologia Graeca” 9.276 (1st cCrinagoras Epigrammaticus); but πνεῦμα μελῶν ἀπέλυε “IG” 14.607e (from Carales).
__C passive, to be released, ἐλπίζων τοὺς υἱέας τῆς στρατηΐης ἀπολελύσθαι from military service, Herodotus Historicus 4.84, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.2.37 ; τῆς ἀρχῆς ἀπολυθῆναι βουλόμενοι to be freed from their rule, Thucydides Historicus 2.8; τῶν δεινῶν μηδέποτε οἴεσθαι ἀπολυθήσεσθαι prev. author 1.70; τῆς ὑποψίας Antipho Orator 2.4.3; τῆς μιαρίας prev. work 3.11 : absolutely, to be acquitted, Thucydides Historicus 6.29 ; to be absolved from, τῶν ἀδικημάτων Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 113d.
__C.II of combatants, to be separated, part, οὐ ῥᾳδίως ἀπελύοντο Thucydides Historicus 1.49 ; generally, to be separated or detached, ἀλλήλων or ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1031b3, “Ph.” 185a28; ἀ. τὰ ᾠὰ τῆς ὑστέρας prev. author “GA” 754b18, al. ; ἀπολελυμένος, absolutely, detached, αἰδοῖον, γλῶττα, ὄρχεις, prev. author “HA” 500b2, 533a27, 535b2 ; τὴν γλῶτταν ἀ. having its tongue detached, prev. author “fragment” 319, al. ; also, distinct, differentiated, prev. author “HA” 497b22.
__C.II.2 depart, ἔθανες, ἀπελύθης, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1268 (Lyric poetry), compare Polybius Historicus 6.58.4, al., LXX.Num.20.29, al.; compare above Bacchylides Lyricus IV. +5th c.BC+
__C.III of a child, to be brought forth, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἐπικυήσιος” 11, compare 24, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 745b11 ; of the mother, to be delivered, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 2.2.17.
__C.IV to be annulled, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1156a22.
__C.V ἀπολελυμένος, η, ον, absolute, especially in Grammars, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 636.15, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 97.20, al. : also, general, of meaning, 4th c.AD(?): Olympiodorus Alchemista p.72B.
__C.VI of metres, irregular, without strophic responsion, Hephaestio Grammaticus “Poëm.” 5.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀπό G575 "scheiding, van"; Grieks λύω G3089 "losmaken, ontbinden, bevrijden";

Literatuur


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