G706 ἀριθμός
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Taal: Grieks

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arithmos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀριθμός, -οῦ, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for מִסְפָּר H4557;] number, a number: Lk 22:3, Jo 6:10, Ac 4:4 5:36 6:7 11:21 16:5, Ro 9:27, Re 5:11 7:4 9:16 13:17, 18 15:2 20:8 (for exx. of mystical use in π., v. MM, s.v.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀριθμός ᾰ,
  (ἁρ- “IG” 1.164) , ὁ, number, first in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”, λέκτο δ᾽ ἀριθμόν 4.451; ἀριθμῷ παῦρα 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 3; ἓν ἀριθμῷ Herodotus Historicus 3.6; ἀριθμὸν ἕξ prev. author 1.14, compare 50; ἐς τὸν ἀ. τρισχίλια prev. author 7.97 ; πλῆθος ἐς ἀ. the amount in point of number, prev. work 60; τὸν ἀ. δώδεκα Euphro Comicus 11.11; δύο τινὲς ἢ τρεῖς.. εἰς τὸν ἀ. Menander Comicus 165; ἔλαττον μήτε ὄγκῳ μήτε ἀριθμῷ Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 155a; οὔτ᾽ ἀριθμοῖς οὔτε μεγέθεσιν ἐλάττους prev. author “Lg.” 861e; σταθμῷ καὶ ἀ. Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.45; δι᾽ ἀ. καὶ μέτρου Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pericles” 16, compare Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 620: proverbial, λέγειν ποντιᾶν ψάφων ἀριθμόν 'count the pebbles on the shore', Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.46, compare 2.98 ; οὐ γιγνώσκων ψήφων ἀριθμούς, of a blockhead, Ephippus Comicus 19; οὔτ᾽ ἀριθμὸν οὔτ᾽ ἔλεγχον.. ἔχων Dionysius Comicus 3.13.
__2 amount, sum, πολὺς ἀ. χρόνου Aeschines Orator 1.78; ἀ. τῆς ὁδοῦ Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.2.6 ; ἀ. χρυσίου a sum of money, prev. author “Cyr.” 8.2.16.
__3 ἀριθμῷ, absolutely, in certain numbers, Herodotus Historicus 6.58; but δένδρα ἀριθμῷ ὑμέτερα by tale, Thucydides Historicus 2.72; ἀ. διδόναι Dionysius Comicus 3.6.
__4 item or term in a series, ὁ δεύτερος ἀ. Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1014; τρίτον ὠδίνων ἀ. “epigram Gr.” 574; ναῦς πολλοὺς ἀ. ἄγνυται ναυαγίων Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 410, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1461b24 ; τοὺς ἀ. τοῦ σώματος points of the body, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 668d; τοὺς ἀ. ἑκάστου τῶν νοσημάτων Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 3; τὸ καλὸν ἐκ πολλῶν ἀ. ἐπιτελεῖσθαι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.45c : hence as a mark of completeness, πάντας τοὺς ἀ. περιλαβών Isocrates Orator 11.16 ; τοῦ καθήκοντος τοὺς ἀριθμούς the sum total of duty, Marcus Antoninus Imperator 3.1.
__5 number, account, as a mark of station, worth, rank, μετ᾽ ἀνδρῶν ἵζει ἀριθμῷ takes his place among men, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.449; εἰς ἀνδρῶν μὲν οὐ τελοῦσιν ἀ. Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 492; εἰς ἀ. τῶν κακῶν πεφύκαμεν prev. author “Hec.” 1186 ; ξενίας ἀριθμῷ πρῶτ᾽ ἔχειν ἐμῶν φίλων in regard of friendship, prev. work 794 ; δειλοὶ γὰρ ἄνδρες οὐκ ἔχουσιν ἐν μάχῃ ἀριθμόν have no account made of them, prev. author “fragment” 519 ; οὐδ᾽ εἰς ἀ. ἥκει λόγων she comes not into my account, prev. author “El.” 1054; ἀ. οὐδεὶς οὐδὲ λόγος ἐστί τινος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.682f, compare Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 27.6, Oracle texts cited in Scholia Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.48.
__6 mere number, quantity, opposed to quality, ταῦτ᾽ οὐκ ἀ. ἐστιν, ὦ πάτερ, λόγων a mere set of words, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 382 ; of men, οὐκ ἀ. ἄλλως not a mere lot, Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 476; ἀριθμός, πρόβατ᾽ ἄλλως Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1203 ; sometimes even of a single man, οὐκ ἀριθμὸν ἀλλ᾽ ἐτητύμως ἄνδρ᾽ ὄντα not a mere unit, Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 997 ; also ἀριθμὸν πληροῦν to be a mere cipher, Choricius Rhetor “Milt.” 66.
__II numbering, counting, μάσσων ἀριθμοῦ past counting, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 2.23 ; especially in phrases, ἀ. ποιεῖσθαι τῶν νεῶν to hold a muster of.., Herodotus Historicus 8.7; ποιεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.1.7, etc.; παρεῖναι εἰς τὸν ἀ. prev. workII; εἴ τι δυνατὸν ἐς ἀ. ἐλθεῖν can be stated in numbers, Thucydides Historicus 2.72.
__III the science of numbers, arithmetic, ἀριθμόν, ἔξοχον σοφισμάτων Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 459; ἀριθμῶν καὶ μέτρων εὑρήματα Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 432; ἀ. καὶ λογισμὸν εὑρεῖν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 274c, compare “R.” 522c: proverbial, εἴπερ γὰρ ἀριθμὸν οἶδα Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 360.19.
__IV in Philos., abstract number, Aristoteles Philosophus “Categoriae” 4b23, “Metaph.” 990a19, al.; ἀ. μαθηματικός prev. work 1090b35 ; ἀ. οὐσιώδης, opposed to τοῦ ποσοῦ, Plotinus Philosophus 5.5.4 ; ἀ. ἑνιαῖος, οὐσιώδης, ἑτεροῖος, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 228.
__V Grammars, number, Stoic. 3.214, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 634.16, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 32.2, al. ; compare ἑνικός, δυικός, πληθυντικός.
__VI numeral, prev. work 36.6 , etc.; ὁ τέσσαρα ἀ. Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 7.96 ; παιδὸς ἀ., ={δεκάτη}, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 1132.
__VII unknown quantity (x), defined as πλῆθος μονάδων ἀορίστων, Diophantus Mathematicus “Def.” 2.
__VIII Rhet., rhythm in Prose, in plural, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 23, “Dem.” 52, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1408b29; but also ἀριθμοὶ τῶν ἀρχαίων ποιητᾶν “SIG” 703.7 (Delph.).
__IX line of a book, Apollonius Biographus Cit. 2.
__X sum of numerical values of letters in a name, NT.Rev.13.17, al.; φιλῶ ἧς ἀριθμὸς φμέ Pompeian Inscription in “Rend.Linc.” 10(1901).257.
__XI unit of troops, = Latin numerus, “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 5187 (6th c.AD), “BGU” 673 (6th c.AD), etc. ; = legio, Julianus Imperator ad Ath.280d, Zosimus Epigrammaticus 5.26, “PLond.” 5.1711.69 (6th c.AD).
__XII Astrology texts, mostly in plural, degrees traversed in a given time, Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 112, Dorotheus Astrologus in “Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum” 6.107.30 ; τοῖς ἰδίοις ἀ. at her normal speed, of the moon, Galenus Medicus 19.531 ; also of degrees of latitude, Hephaestio Astrologus 2.8, 3.1.
__XIII in Medicine texts, in plural, precise conditions, παρόντων τῶν πρὸς τὴν φλεβοτομίαν ἀριθμῶν Herod.middle in “Rh.Mus.” 58.71, compare Aretaeus Medicus “ὀξέων νούσων θεραπευτικόν” 2.3, probably in Herodotus Medicus cited in Aëtius Medicus 9.2; compare above 1.4. ῐ Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 1132, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1203. (ἀρῐ-θμός from root ἀρι-, compare ἐπάριτος (which see), νήριτος.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks αἴρω G142 "opheffen, optillen"; Grieks ἀριθμέω G705 "tellen";

Literatuur


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