G715 ἄρκτος
beer
Taal: Grieks

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'arktos, zn m/vr; waarschijnlijk van αρκεω G00714;


beer


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἄρκος (Rec. (cl.) ἅρκιος), [in LXX for דֹּב H1677;] -ου, ὁ, ἡ, a bear: Re 13:2. (This form is also found in late Inscr.; MM, s.v.)†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἄρκτος, ἡ,
  bear, especially Ursus arctos, brown bear, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.611, “hymnus ad Mercurium” 223, “hymnus ad Venerem” 159, Herodotus Historicus 4.191, etc. : the instances of the masculine are uncertain (Aristoteles Philosophus “de Coloribus” 798a26 is inconclusive) , the feminine being used even when both sexes are included, prev. author “HA” 539b33.
__2 Ἄρκτος, ἡ, the constellation Ursa Major, Ἄρκτον θ᾽, ἣν καὶ Ἄμαξαν ἐπίκλησιν καλέουσιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.487, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.273, compare 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 120, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1154, etc.; τὰ ὑπὸ τὴν Ἄ. ἀοίκητα Herodotus Historicus 5.10; Ἄρκτου στροφάδες κέλευθοι Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 131 (Lyric poetry); Ἄρκτου στροφάς τε καὶ Κυνὸς ψυχρὰν δύσιν prev. author “fragment” 432.11 : in plural, the Greater and Lesser Bears, Aratus Epicus 27 ; Ἄ. μικρά, μεγάλη, 1st cStrabo Geographus 2.5.35, 36, compare Cicero, M. Tullius Orator et Philosophus “de Natura Deorum” 2.41.105.
__3 the north, πρὸς ἄρκτον τετραμμένος Herodotus Historicus 1.148, compare Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 733 (Lyric poetry), Aeschines Orator 3.165, etc.; ἀπὸ ἄ. “IG” 5(2).444.11 (from Megalopolis), al.: pl., Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 5 and 19, Plato Philosophus “Critias” 118b, etc.
__3.b ἡ ἑτέρα ἄ. the south pole, Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 362a32.
__II ἄρκτος, ἡ, at Athens a girl appointed to the service of Artemis Brauronia or Ἀρχηγέτις, Euripides Tragicus “Hyps.fragment” 57, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 645.
__III a kind of crab, probably Scyllarus arctus, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 549b23, compare Speusippus Philosophus cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 3.105b, Mnesimachus Comicus 4.45, Archestratus Epicus “fragment” 56.
__IV ἄρκτου δένδρον, ={ἀκτῆ}, Ps.- Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 4.173 . (Cf. Sanskrit ṛk snullas, Latin ursus, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀρκέω G714 "genoeg";

Literatuur


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