G744 ἀρχαῖος
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Taal: Grieks

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archaíos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀρχαῖος, -αία, -αῖον (< ἀρχή), [in LXX chiefly for קֶדֶם H6924;] original, ancient: Mt 5:21, 33, Lk 9:8, 19, Ac 15:7, 21 21:16, II Co 5:17, II Pe 2:5, Re 12:9 20:2.†

SYN.: παλαιός G3820, old, without the reference to beginning and origin contained in ἀ. The distinction is observed in π. (MM, s.v.). ἀ. is the antithesis to καινός G2537: παλ. to νέος G3501 (v. Westc., He., 223; Cremer, 116).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀρχαῖος, α, ον,
  (ἀρχή I) from the beginning or origin:
__I mostly of things, ancient, σκότος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 106; ἐσθής Herodotus Historicus 5.88; δόμοις ἐπασσάλευσαν ἀρχαῖον γάνος Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 579 codices; Ζηνὸς ἀρχαίοις νόμοις Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1382 ; χερὸς σῆς πίστιν ἀρχαίαν faith firm for ever, prev. work 1632 codices
__I.2 old-fashioned, antiquated, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 317 (Lyric poetry), Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 984, Demosthenes Orator 22.14 ; of literary style, Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 244.
__I.2.b simple, silly, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 915, al., Pherecrates Comicus 205; -ότερος εἶ τοῦ δέοντος Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 295c, etc.
__I.3 ancient, former, τὸ ἀ. ῥέεθον Herodotus Historicus 1.75; τοῦ ἀ. λόγου prev. author 7.160; οὐ γὰρ δὴ τό γ᾽ ἀ. δέμας Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 110 ; οἱ ἀ., opposed to οἱ ὕστερον, Thucydides Historicus 2.16; ἀ. φύσις Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 281, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 53, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 193c, etc.; φύσις καὶ κατάστασις ἀ. Democritus Epigrammaticus 278; coupled with παλαιός, παλαιὸν δῶρον ἀρχαίου θηρός Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 555, compare Lysias Orator 6.51, D. prev. cited
__I.4 old, worn out, ὑποδήματα Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.5.14; πινάκια “BGU” 781i1 (1st c.AD).
__II of persons, Θέμιν.. ἀρχαίαν ἄλοχον Διός Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 6.5 ; ἀ. θεαί, of the Erinyes, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 728; Πέλοψ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1292 ; οἱ ἀ. the Ancients, name given by Aristoteles Philosophus to the pre-Socratics, “Metaph.” 1069a25, “GC” 314a6 ; in Lit. Crit., ancient, classical writers, Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 15, 67; in Plotinus Philosophus , the philosophers down to Aristotle, 5.1.9 ; in <
__II.2 ancient, old, βαλὴν ἀ., of Darius, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 657 (Lyric poetry); λάτρις Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 609; ἑταῖρος Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.8.1 ; οἱ ἀ. κύριοι the original owners, “BGU” 992 ii 6 (2nd c.BC) ; τὰς ἀ. πόλεις (banished from) their original cities, Polystr. p.22 W.; ἀ. μαθητής an original disciple, NT.Act.21.16; ἀ. μύστης “Inscription Magn.” 215 b; παιδαγωγὸς ἀ., i.e of old, formerly, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 287, compare 853.
__III neuter as adverb, τὸ ἀρχαῖον, Ionic dialect contraction τὠρχαῖον, anciently, Herodotus Historicus 1.56, 173, al. , Attic dialect τἀρχαῖον Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 326; ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀ. Herodotus Historicus 4.117; ἐξ ἀρχαίων Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.14.
__III.2 regular adverb ἀρχαίως in olden style, καινὰ ἀ. λέγειν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 267b, compare Isocrates Orator 4.8, Demosthenes Orator 9.48; ἀ. καὶ σεμνῶς Aeschines Orator 1.183.
__IV irregular comparative ἀρχαιέστερος Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 45 (on ἀρχέστατος see entry .) ; usual comparative -ότερος Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 469 : superlative -ότατος Herodotus Historicus 1.105, etc.
__V as substantive, τὸ ἀρχαῖον, of money, prime cost, πλέον τοῦ ἀ. Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 3.2 ; principal, mostly in plural, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1156, etc.; τἀρχαῖα ἀποδιδόναι Demosthenes Orator 34.26, etc. ; τῶν ἀρχαίων ἀπέστησαν lost their capital, prev. author 1.15: opposed to ἔργον, prev. author 27.10 ; opposed to πρόσοδοι, Isaeus Orator 6.38.
__V.2 ἀρχαίη, ἡ, ={ἀρχή}, 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 475.1, etc.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀρχή G746 "begin, oorsprong";

Literatuur


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