G746 ἀρχή
begin, oorsprong
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ, [in LXX for קֶדֶם H6924, רֹאשׁ H7218, רֵאשִׁית H7218, etc.;] 1. beginning, origin (a) absol., of the beginning of all things: of God as the Eternal, the First Cause, Re 21:6 (cf. 1:8); similarly, of Christ, Re 22:13; of Christ as the uncreated principle, the active cause of creation, Re 3:14; in his relation to the Church, Col 1:18; ἐν ἀ., Jo 1:1, 2; ἀπ᾽ ἀ. (and ἀπ᾽ ἀ. κτισεως), Mt 19:4, 8 24:21, Mk 10:6 13:19, Jo 8:44, II Th 2:13, II Pe 3:4, I Jn 1:1 2:13, 14 3:8; κατ’ ἀρχάς, He 1:10; (b) relatively: He 7:3; ἀ. ὠδίνων, Mt 24:8, Mk 13:9; τ. σημείων, Jo 2:11; τ. ὑποστάσεως, He 3:14; τ. λογίων, He 5:12; ὁ τ. ἀρχῆς τ. Χριστοῦ λόγος, the account of the beginning, the elementary view of Christ, He 6:1; ἀρχὴν λαμβάνειν, to begin, He 2:3; ἐξ ἀ., Jo 6:64 16:4; ἀπ’ ἀ., Lk 1:2, Jo 15:27, I Jn 2:7, 24 3:11, II Jn 5, 6; ἐν ἀ., Ac 11:15 26:4, Phl 4:15; τὴν ἀρχήν, adverbially, at all (Hdt., al.; v MM, s.v.): Jo 8:25. 2. an extremity, a corner: Ac 10:11 11:5. 3. sovereignty, principality, rule (cf. DB, i, 616 f.): Lk 12:11 20:20, Ro 8:38, I Co 15:24, Eph 1:21 3:10 6:12, Col 1:16 2:10, 15, Tit 3:1, Ju 6 (Cremer, 113).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀρχή, ἡ,
  (see. ἄρχω) beginning, origin, νείκεος ἀ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.116; πήματος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.81; φόνου 21.4, etc. ; opposed to τέλος, Herodotus Historicus 7.51, etc. ; opposed to τελευτή, Theognis Elegiacus 607, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 715e, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 1.1; ἀ. γενέσθαι κακῶν Herodotus Historicus 5.97; ἀ. ποιήσασθαί τινος Thucydides Historicus 1.128, Andocides Orator 2.37, Isocrates Orator 12.120, etc.; ἀ. λαβεῖν τινός Aeschines Orator 1.11; τὰς ἀρχὰς εἰληφέναι Polybius Historicus 4.28.3 ; ἀρχὴν ὑποθέσθαι lay a foundation, Demosthenes Orator 3.2, etc.; βαλέσθαι Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 326e (and passive, ἀρχαὶ βέβληνται Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.8); ἀρχὴν ἄρχεσθαί τινος Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 36e ; source of action, ὁ ἄνθρωπος ἔχει ἀρχὴν ἐλευθέραν Plotinus Philosophus 3.3.4.
__b with Preps. in adverbial usages, ἐξ ἀρχῆς from the beginning, from the first, from of old, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.188, Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 10, etc.; οὑξ ἀ. φίλος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 385; ἡ ἐξ ἀ. ἔχθρα Demosthenes Orator 54.3; τὸ ἐξ ἀ. Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 12.6; but πλουτεῖν ἐξ ἀ. πάλιν anew, afresh, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 221; λόγον πάλιν ὥσπερ ἐξ ἀ. κινεῖν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 450a ; ὁ ἐξ ἀ. λόγος the original argument, prev. author “Tht.” 177c, etc. ; τὰ ἐξ ἀ. the principal sum, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1280a30:—also ἀπ᾽ ἀ. Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 425, Herodotus Historicus 2.104, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.25, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 344, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 206d ; κατ᾽ ἀρχάς in the beginning, at first, Herodotus Historicus 3.153, 7.5; αὐτίκα κατ᾽ ἀ. prev. author 8.94; τὸ κατ᾽ ἀ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 798a, al.
__c accusative ἀρχήν, absolutely, to begin with, at first, Herodotus Historicus 1.9, 2.28, 8.132; τὴν ἀρχήν Andocides Orator 3.20: pl., τὰς ἀρχάς Polybius Historicus 16.22.8 : frequently followed by a negative, not at all, ἀρχὴν μηδὲ λαβών Herodotus Historicus 3.39, compare 1.193, al.; ἀ. δὲ θηρᾶν οὐ πρέπει τἀμήχανα Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 92; ἀ. κλύειν ἂν οὐκ.. ἐβουλόμην prev. author “Ph.” 1239, compare “El.” 439, Philolaus Philosophus 3, Antipho Orator 5.73, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 478c; sometimes with Art., τοῦτο οὐκ ἐνδέκομαι τὴν ἀ. Herodotus Historicus 4.25; τὴν ἀ. γὰρ ἐξῆν αὐτῷ μὴ γράφειν Demosthenes Orator 23.93.
__2 first principle, element, first so used by Anaximander, accusative to Simplicius Philosophus “in Aristotelis Physica commentaria - Comm. in Arist. Graeca” 150.23, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 983b11, etc.; Ἡράκλειτος τὴν ἀ. εἶναί φησι ψυχήν prev. author “de An.” 405a25 ; of ὕλη and θεός, opposed to στοιχεῖα, “Placita Philosophorum” 1.3.25 ; practical principle of conduct, τῶν πράξεων τὰς ἀρχὰς καὶ τὰς ὑποθέσεις Demosthenes Orator 2.10 ; principles of knowledge, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 995b8, al.
__3 end, corner, of a bandage, rope, sheet, etc., Herodotus Historicus 4.60, Hippocrates Medicus “κατ᾽ ἰητρεῖον” 9, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 762, Aeneas Tacticus 18.14, NT.Act.10.11 ; of a compound pulley, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “Belopoeica” 84.14.
__4 in Mathematics texts, origin of a curve, τῆς ἕλικος Archimedes Geometra “περὶ ἑλίκων” 11 “Def.” 2, etc.; ξυνὸν ἀ. καὶ πέρας ἐπὶ κύκλου περιφερείας 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 103.
__5 branch of a river, LXX.Gen.2.10 (pl.).
__6 sum, total, LXX.Num.1.2.
__7 vital organs of the body, Galenus Medicus 1.318, al.
__II first place or power, sovereignty (not in Homerus Epicus), Διὸς ἀρχά Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.64, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.6, etc.; γενέσθαι ἐπ᾽ ἀρχῆς Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1284b2: metaph., μεγάλην μεντἂν ἀ. εἴης εὑρηκώς, of a stroke of fortune, Demosthenes Orator 21.196: pl., ἀρχαὶ πολισσονόμοι Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 864 (Lyric poetry); τὰς ἐμὰς ἀρχὰς σέβων Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 744, etc.: with gen. rei, τῆσδ᾽ ἔχων ἀρχὴν χθονός Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 737 ; ἀ. τῶν νεῶν, τῆς θαλάσσης, power over them, Thucydides Historicus 3.90, Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Atheniensium” 2.7, etc.: proverbial, ἀ. ἄνδρα δείξει Biasap. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1130a1, compare Demosthenes Orator “Prooemia” 48 ; method of government, οὐδὲ τὴν ἄλλην ἀ. ἐπαχθής Thucydides Historicus 6.54.
__II.2 empire, realm, Κύρου, Περδίκκου ἀ., Herodotus Historicus 1.91, Thucydides Historicus 4.128, etc.
__II.3 magistracy, office, ἀρχὴν ἄρχειν, παραλαμβάνειν, Herodotus Historicus 3.80, 4.147; καταστήσας τὰς ἀ. καὶ ἄρχοντας ἐπιστήσας prev. author 3.89 ; εἰς ἀ. καθίστασθαι Thucydides Historicus 8.70 ; εἰς τὴν ἀ. εἰσιέναι Demosthenes Orator 59.72, etc. ; ἀ. λαχεῖν to obtain an office, prev. author 57.25; Ἑλληνοταμίαι τότε πρῶτον κατέστη ἀ. Thucydides Historicus 1.96; ἐνιαύσιος ἀ. prev. author 6.54 ; ἀ. χειροτονητή, κληρωτή, Legal cited in Aeschines Orator 1.21; withsg. Noun, Κυθηροδίκης ἀ. ἐκ τῆς Σπάρτης διέβαινεν αὐτόσε Thucydides Historicus 4.53 ; term of office, ἀρχῆς λοιποὶ αὐτῷ δύο μῆνες Antipho Orator 6.42; ἀρχαὶ καὶ λειτουργίαι “POxy.” 119.16 (3rd c.AD).
__II.4 in plural, αἱ ἀρχαί the authorities, the magistrates, Thucydides Historicus 5.47, cf. Canon Laws texts cited in Andocides Orator 1.83 ; ἐν ταῖς ἀ. εἶναι Thucydides Historicus 6.54 ; ἡ ἀρχή collectively, 'the board', Demosthenes Orator 47.22, compare “IG” 1.229, etc.; παραδιδόναι τινὰ τῇ ἀ. Antipho Orator 5.48 ; but ἡ ἀ., of a single magistrate, PHal. 1.226 (3rd c.BC) ; κατ᾽ ἀρχῆς γὰρ φιλαίτιος λεώς against authority, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 485; πομποὺς ἀρχάς prev. author “Ag.” 124 (anap.).
__II.5 command, i.e. body of troops, LXX.1Ki.13.17, al.
__II.6 plural, heavenly powers, NT.Rom.8.38, al., compare Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 96; powers of evil, NT.Eph.6.12, al.
__III ={εἶδος μελίσσης ἀκέντρου}, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀρχαῖος G744 "oorspronkelijk"; Grieks ἀρχηγός G747 "vorst, leider (voornaamste), auteur, maker"; Grieks ἀρχιερατικός G748 "hogepriesterlijk"; Grieks ἀρχιερεύς G749 "hogepriester"; Grieks ἀρχιποίμην G750 "herders (hoofd vd)"; Grieks Ἄρχιππος G751 "Archippus"; Grieks ἀρχισυνάγωγος G752 "overste v.e. synagoge"; Grieks ἀρχιτέκτων G753 "bouwmeester, architect, projectleider (v.d. bouw)"; Grieks ἀρχιτελώνης G754 "hoofdtollenaar"; Grieks ἀρχιτρίκλινος G755 "opperhofmeester"; Grieks ἄρχομαι G756 "beginnen"; Grieks Ἀσιάρχης G775 "Asiarch";

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