G758 ἄρχων
bestuurder, commandant, hoofd, leider
Taal: Grieks

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árcho̱n,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἄρχων, -οντος, ὁ (pres. ptcp. of ἄρχω), [in LXX for נשׂא H5387, רֹאשׁ H7218, שַׂר H8269, etc.;] a ruler, chief: Jesus, Re 1:5; rulers of nations, Mt 20:25, Ac 4:26 7:35; magistrates, Ac 23:5, Ro 13:3; judges, Lk 12:58, Ac 7:27, 35 16:19; members of the Sanhedrin, Lk 14:1 23:13, 35 24:20, Jo 3:1 7:26, 48 12:42, Ac 3:17 4:5, 8 13:27 14:5; rulers of synagogues, Mt 9:18, 23, Lk 8:41 18:18; οἱ ἄ. τ. αἰῶνος τούτου, I Co 2:6, 8; of the devil: ἄ. τῶν δαιμονίων, Mt 9:34 12:24, Mk 3:22, Lk 11:15; ὁ ἄ. τοῦ κόσμου, Jo 12:31 14:30 16:11; ἄ. τ. ἐξουσίας τ. ἀέρος, Eph 2:2 (MM, s.v.; DB, iii, 838; Ext., 99 f; DCG, ii, 419; DCG, s.v. Archon).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἄρχων, οντος, ὁ,
  (participle of ἄρχω) ruler, commander, νεός Herodotus Historicus 5.33: abs., Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 674, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 668, etc. ; chief, king, Ἀσίας Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 73 ; ἄ. τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, of Satan, NT.John.16.11, al.
__II as official title, chief magistrate, especially at Athens, Thucydides Historicus 1.126, etc.; οἱ ἐννέα ἄρχοντες “IG” 2.163 ; οἱ ἄ., at Sparta, the authorities, Herodotus Historicus 6.106: sg., ὁ ἄρχων the eponymous magistrate of the year, Inscriptiones Graecae 1.52, al., Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 3.3, etc. ; so in Boeotia, at Delphi, Delos, and elsewhere, “IG” 7.2407, “SIG” 295.18, “IG” 2.814, etc. ; = Latin consul, Polybius Historicus 1.39.1.
__II.2 governor of a dependency or province, e.g. in the Athenian Empire, “IG” 1.62b19, etc. ; of a Roman governor, “OGI” 441.59 ; = praefectus, Polybius Historicus 6.26.5.
__II.3 generally, magistrate, official, Aeschines Orator 3.29, etc. ; opposed to ἰδιώτης, “SIG” 672.16 (Delph.) ; ruler of a synagogue, NT.Matt.9.18; president of a club, “PLond.” 3.1178.6 (2nd c.AD).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄρχω G757 "voornaamste, leiden, besturen";

Literatuur


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