G769 ἀσθένεια
krachteloosheid, zwakte
Taal: Grieks

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astheneia,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀσθένεια, -ας, ἡ (< ἀσθενής), כּשׁל H3782, etc.;] weakness, frailty, sickness: Lk 13:11, 12, Jo 11:4, Ac 28:9, Ro 6:19 8:26, II Co 11:30 13:4, Ga 4:13 (MM, s.v.), He 5:2 7:28 11:34; ἐν ἀ., Jo 5:5, I Co 2:3 15:43, II Co 12:9; pl., Mt 8:17, Lk 5:15 8:2, II Co 12:5 12:9, 10, I Ti 5:23, He 4:15.†

SYN.: μαλακία G3119, νόσος G3554 (v. DB, iii, 323a).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀσθέν-εια, ἡ,
  want of strength, weakness, Thucydides Historicus 1.3, etc.: in pl., ἰσχύες καὶ ἀ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 618d ; especially feebleness, sickliness, Herodotus Historicus 4.135; ἀ. τοῦ γήρως Antipho Orator 4.3.2, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 330e; σωμάτων Thucydides Historicus 4.36, etc.
__2 disease, sickness, prev. author 2.49 (pl.), “OGI” 244.11 (Daphne, 2nd c.BC), etc. ; δι᾽ ἀσθένειαν NT.Gal.4.13.
__3 ἀ. βίου poverty, Herodotus Historicus 2.47, 8.51.
__4 in moral sense, feebleness, weakness, τῆς ἀνθρωπίνης φύσεως Plato Philosophus “Leges” 854a, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1150b19; τοῦ ἀκροατοῦ Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1419a18.—Rare in poetry, as Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 269. -έω, to be weak, feeble, sickly, ἀ. μέλη to be weak in limb, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 228; τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς ἀ. Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 209e ; ἀ. ἀσθένειαν prev. author “Chrm.” 155b: abs., Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 274, Thucydides Historicus 7.47, NT.Matt.10.8, etc.; ἠσθένησε he fell sick, Demosthenes Orator 1.13; ἀσθενέων sick man, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 12 (Photius Legal icographus, etc. says that μαλακίζεσθχι is used of women) ; ἠσθενηκότα Polybius Historicus 31.13.7.
__2 to be needy, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 636 ; ἠσθενηκότες, of those unable to pay taxes, “PTeb.” 188 (1st c.BC).
__3 with infinitive, to be too weak to do a thing, not to be able.., Josephus Historicus “Bellum Judaicum” 2.15.5; εἰς τὸ θεωρεῖν Plotinus Philosophus 3.8.4.
__4 decline, ἠσθένησεν ἡ ἡμέρα εἰς τὴν ἑσπέραν LXX.Judg.19.9.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀσθενής G772 "zwak, ziekelijk, ziek";

Literatuur


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