G891 ἄχρι
tot, totaan
Taal: Grieks

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áchri,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἄχρι (and Epic ἄχρις, bef. vowel (v. MM, s.v.), Ro 11:25 T, Ga 3:19 T, WH, mg., He 3:13); 1. adv., utterly (Hom.). 2. Prep. c. gen., until, unto, as far as (a) of time: Ac 3:21 22:22, Ro 1:13 5:13, I Co 4:11, II Co 3:14, Ga 4:2, Phl 1:6; ἄ. καιροῦ, Lk 4:13, Ac 13:11; ἄ. ἧς ἡμέρας, Mt 24:38, Lk 1:20 17:27, Ac 1:2 (τῆς ἡ. ἧς), Ac 1:22; ἄ. ταύτης τ. ἡμέρας (τ. ἡ. ταύτης), Ac 2:29 23:1 26:22; ἄ. ἡμερῶν πέντε, Ac 20:6; ἄ. αὐγῆς, Ac 20:11; ἄ. τοῦ νῦν, Ro 8:22, Phl 1:5; ἄ. τέλους, He 6:11, Re 2:26; (b) of space: Ac 11:5 13:6 20:4 (R, txt., WH, mg.) 28:15, II Co 10:13, 14, He 4:12, Re 14:20 18:5; (c) of measure or degree: ἄ. θανάτου, Ac 22:4, Re 2:10 12:11. 3. As conj., until (a) ἄχρι alone: c. subj. aor., Ga 3:19 (ἄ. οὗ T, WH, mg.); id. without ἄν (Bl., § 65, 10), Re 7:3 15:8 20:3, 5; c. indic. fut., Re 17:17; (b) ἄ. οὗ (i.e. ἄ. τούτου ᾧ): c. indic. aor., Ac 7:18; impf., 27:33; c. subj. aor. (Bl., ut supr.), Lk 21:24, Ro 11:25, I Co 11:26 15:25, Ga 3:19, T, WH, mg.; id. with ἄν, Re 2:25; c. indic. pres., while, He 3:13 (cf. μέχρι).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἄχρι
  and ἄχρις (see. entry near the end):
__I adverb to the uttermost, τένοντε καὶ ὀστέα λᾶας ἀναιδὴς ἄχρις ἀπηλοίησεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.522; ἀπὸ δ᾽ ὀστέον ἄχρις ἄραξε 16.324, compare 17.599.
__I.2 after Homerus Epicus, before Preps., ἄχρι εἰς Κοτύωρα Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.5.4; ἄ. ἐς ποταμόν “Tab.Heracl.” 1.17 ; ἄχρι πρὸς τὸν σκοπόν, πρὸς τὴν πόλιν, Lucianus Sophista “Nigr.” 36, “Herm.” 24; ἄχρις ἐπ᾽ ἄκνηστιν Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.1403; ἐπ᾽ ὀστέον “IG” 12(7).115.9 (from Amorgos) ; ἄχρι ἐπὶ πολὺ τῶν πλευρῶν Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 19.3; ἄχρις ἐς ἠῶ 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 6.177; ἄχρι ὑπὸ τὴν πυγήν Lucianus Sophista “DMort.” 27.4 : less frequently after the Noun, ἐς τέλος ἄχρις 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 2.617, compare 4th-5th c.AD(?): Nonnus Epicus “Dionysiaca” 5.153, etc.: rarely with acc., ἄχρι.. θρόνον ἦλθεν “IG” 14.2012 (Sulp. 1st c.BC(?): Maximus Astrologus): with an adverb, ἄχρι πόρρω still farther, Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 12; ἄχρι δεῦρο Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 8.401.
__II preposition with genitive, even to, as far as,
__II.1 of Time, until, ἄχρι μάλα κνέφαος until deep in the night, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.370; ἄχρι τῆς τήμερον ἡμέρας Demosthenes Orator 9.28; ἀπὸ τῆς ἀρχῆς ἄχρι τῆς τελευτῆς prev. author 18.179; ἄχρι γήρως Apollodorus Comicus 2 ; ἄχρι δὲ τούτου until then, Solon Lyricus 13.35; ἄχρι τοῦ νῦν Timostratus Comicus 1, NT.Rom.8.22; ἄχρι νῦν Lucianus Sophista “Tim.” 39, LXX.Gen.44.28; ἄχρι παντός continually, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Cicero” 6.
__II.2 of Space, as far as, even to, ἄχρι τῆς ἐσόδου τοῦ ἱροῦ Herodotus Historicus 2.138 (who elsewhere has μέχρι); ἄ. τῆς ὁδοῦ “IG” 12.893; ἄ. τῆς πυλίδος “SIG” 2587.25; ἄ. τοῦ Πειραιῶς Demosthenes Orator 18.301; ἔδακνεν ἄχρι τῆς καρδίας “Comica Adespota” 475; ἄχρις ἥπατος Timaeus Locrus Philosophus 101a, compare 100e; ἄχρι τῆς πόλεως Dionysius Halicarnassensis 2.43; ἄ. τοῦ δεῦρο Galenus Medicus 10.676 : after its case, ἰνίου ἄχρις Euphorio Epicus 41.
__II.3 of Measure or Degree, ἄχρι τούτου up to this point, Demosthenes Orator 23.122; ἄχρι τοῦ μὴ πεινῆν Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.37; ἄχρι τοῦ θορυβῆσαι Demosthenes Orator 8.77; ἄ. θανάτου NT.Act.22.4; ἄχρι τῆς πρὸς τὸν πλησίον δοξοκοπίας Polystr. p.19 W.
__III as conjunction, ἄχρι, ἄχρις with or without οὗ,
__III.1 of Time, until, so long as, ἄχρι οὗ ὅδε ὁ λόγος ἐγράφετο Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.4.37; ἄχρις ὅτου “epigram Gr.” 314.24 (from Smyrna) ; ἄχρι οὗ ἄν or ἄχρι ἄν with Subj., ἄχρι ἂν σχολάσῃ till he should be at leisure, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.3.2; ἄχρις οὗ ἂν δοκέῃ Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ συρίγγων” 3; ἄχρις ἂν αἱ ἡμέραι παρέλθωσιν prev. author “Int.” 40 ; ἄχρι ἂν ἔχῃ τὸ ἴδιον ἐντελές ἡ ἱστορία Lucianus Sophista “Hist.Conscr.” 9: without ἄν, ἄχρις ῥεύσῃ Bion Bucolicus 1.47 ; ἄχρι οὗ τελευτήσῃ (variant{-σει}) Herodotus Historicus 1.117; ἄχρι οὗ ἐπιλάμψῃ Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Aemilius Paulus” 17 ; ἄχρι ἄν, c.infinitive, Epist. Mithradates Epistolographus in “SIG” 741.37 : with infinitive only, ἄχρις ἱκέσθαι ὀστέον 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 4.361.
__III.2 of Space, so far as, διώξας, ἄχρι οὗ ἀσφαλὲς ᾤετο εἶναι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.4.16 : with subjunctive, αὐξάνεται εἰς μῆκος, ἄχρι οὗ δὴ ἐφίκηται τοῦ ἡλίου Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 5.1.8 ; compare μέχρι throughout. —Epic dialect poets use ἄχρι or ἄχρις, as the metre requires: in Ionic dialect μέχρι is preferred (see. above): but ἄχρι, -ις are more common in Homerus Epicus than μέχρι: the only Attic. forms are ἄχρι, μέχρι, before both consonants and vowels, compare Phrynichus Atticista 6, Moeris Grammaticus 34 ; and so in Attic dialect Inscrr. (where it is somewhat less frequently than μέχρι): ἄχρι ἄν with hiatus in “IG” 2.2729, Hegesippus Comicus 1.26; but ἄχρις Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 179. —Never in Trag. (ἄχρι, ={ṃṃ-χρι}, compare μέχρι.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄκρον G206 "verste grenzen, einde, hoogste, uiterste"; Grieks μέχρι G3360 "zo ver als, tot aan";

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