G935 βασιλεύς
koning, heerser, commandant, vorst
Taal: Grieks

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basileys̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for מֶלֶךְ H4428;] a king: Mt 1:6 2:1; used by courtesy of Herod the Tetrarch, Mt 14:9; of the Roman Emperor, as freq. in κοινή (Deiss., LAE, p. 367), I Pe 2:13, 17; of the Christ, in the phrase ὁ β. τ. Ἰουδαίων, Mt 2:2, al.; τοῦ Ἰσραήλ, Mk 15:32, Jo 1:50 12:13; of God, Mt 5:35, I Ti 1:17, Re 15:3; β. βασιλέων, Re 17:14 19:16; β. τ. βασιλευόντων, I Ti 6:15associations of the word to Jewish Hellenists, v. Cl. Rev., i, 7).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

βᾰσῐλ-εύς, ὁ,
  genitive έως, Epic dialect ῆος, Cypria ῆϝος “Inscription Cyprian dialect” 104,135H.: acc. βασιλέα, contr. -ῆ Oracle texts cited in Herodotus Historicus 7.220, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 781.24 (Lyric poetry): nom. pl. βασιλεῖς, Aeolic dialect -ηες Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 6.4, “IG” 12(2).6 (Mytil.), -ειες prev. work 646a45, al., Ep. -ῆες, old Attic dialect -ῆς Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 188, 960 (both Lyric poetry), compare Herodianus Grammaticus Gr. 1.430: acc. pl. βασιλέας “IG” 12.115, later βασιλεῖς prev. work 2.243, etc. :— king, chief, Homerus Epicus, etc. : frequently with collateral sense of captain or judge, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 202; διοτρεφέες β. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.445, etc.; θεῖοι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.691, etc. ; later, hereditary king, opposed to τύραννος, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1160b3, etc. ; but also of tyrants, as Hiero, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.23 ; of Gelo, Herodotus Historicus 7.161 ; of Pisistratus, Eupolis Comicus 123, cf. Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 61 : joined with a substantive, βασιλεὺς ἀνήρ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.170, etc.; ἀνὴρ β. Herodotus Historicus 1.90 ; ἄναξ β. lord king, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 5, compare Bacchylides Lyricus 17.1: with gen., β. νεῶν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 114 (anap.) ; οἰωνῶν β., of the eagle, prev. passage, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.21 : comparative βασιλεύτερος more kingly, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.160, 392, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.533, Tyrtaeus Elegiacus 12.7 : superlative βασιλεύτατος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.69.
__b of the gods, Ζεὺς θεῶν β. Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 886, compare Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.34, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 128.2, etc. (in this sense Homerus Epicus uses ἄναξ) ; as cult title of Zeus, “IG” 7.3073.90 (Lebad.), “SIG” 1014.110 (from Erythrae), etc. (but Ζεὺς β., = Ahuramazda, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.21, al., Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 4.20.3) ; ὁ μέγας β., of God, LXX.Psa.47(48).2, Philo Judaeus 2.107 +1st c.AD+: superlative βασιλεύτατοι τῶν θεῶν Maximus Tyrius Sophista 29.5.
__2 as a title of rank, prince, β. εἰσὶ καὶ ἄλλοι πολλοὶ ἐν.. Ἰθάκῃ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.394, compare 8.390 , etc.; of Cyrus, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 4.16.
__2.b descendant of a royal house, especially in Ionia, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 41.3 ; βασιλέων οἶκοι 'estates of the royal house', name of a district in Chios, Ἀθηνᾶ 20.168.
__3 generally, lord, master, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.556, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.47.
__4 metaphorically, πόλεμος πάντων β. 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 53; νόμος ὁ πάντων β. Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 169.
__II at Athens, the second of the nine Archons, Inscriptiones Graecae 12.76, al., Antipho Orator 6.38, Lysias Orator 6.4, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1285b17, “Ath.” 57, etc.; ἡ τοῦ β. στοά Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 2a.
__II.2 title of magistrates in other Greek states, as βασιλᾶες at Elis, “GDI” 1152, compare “IG” 12(2).6 (Mytil.), etc., Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1322b29.
__II.3 at Rome, β. τῶν ἱερῶν, = rex sacrorum, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 5.1, compare Dio Cassius Historicus 54.27.
__III after the Persian war (without Article), the king of Persia, Herodotus Historicus 7.174, al.; ἄναξ Ξέρξης β. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 5, compare 144, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 61, Thucydides Historicus 8.48, “IG” 22.141 (βασιλῆς βασιλέως ὕποχοι μεγάλου, of the Satraps, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 24, compare 44, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 2.22); less frequently ὁ βασιλεύς Herodotus Historicus 1.132, 137, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1304b13; β. ὁ μέγας Herodotus Historicus 1.188.
__III.2 of Alexander and his successors, usually with Article, “IG” 22.641,687, Menander Comicus 293, 340 (pl.); Σέλευκος Antiphanes Comicus 187 ; Ἀντίγονος Alex.III; Πτολεμαῖος prev. author 244; Ὀσυμανδύας βασιλεὺς βασιλέων Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.47 ; title used by Parthian kings, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 38, Dio Cassius Historicus 37.6, etc.; by Antony, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Antonius” 54 ; of God, NT.Rev. 17.14,19.16.
__III.3 of the Roman emperors, Anthologia Graeca 10.25 (Antip. Thess.); β. Ῥωμαίων “BGU” 588.10 (1st c.AD), etc.,cf. NT.1Tim.2.2, Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 14.15.14; β. αὐτοκράτωρ “IG” 3.13 (from Hadrian), Herodianus Grammaticus 1.6.5; without Art., Pausanias Periegeta 10.32.19.
__IV of any great man, πένησί τε καὶ βασιλεῦσιν 1st c.AD(?): Pseudo-Phocylidea 113.
__IV.2 first or most distinguished of any class, Ἡρώδην τὸν β. τῶν λόγων Philostratus Sophista “Vitae Sophistarum” 2.10.1, compare Lucianus Sophista “Rh.Pr.” II ; winner at a game, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 9.106, Scholia Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 146a ; Stoic sage, μόνος β. Lucianus Sophista “Herm.” 16 ; βασιλέως ἐγκέφαλος 'morsel fit for a king', Clearchus Historicus 5 ; β. σῦκα, name of a choice kind, Philem.Legal. cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 3.76f., compare 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 6.81.
__V ={συμποσίαρχος}, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.622a, Lucianus Sophista “Sat.” 4.
__VI wren, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 592b27.
__VII queen-bee, prev. work 623b9, “GA” 759a20, etc. (The form βασιλέα is scanned ?~X ?~X ¯ in Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.39 ; codices βασίλεια.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks βασιλεία G932 "heerschappij, koningschap, koninklijke macht"; Grieks βασίλειος G934 "koninklijk"; Grieks βασιλεύω G936 "regeren, koning zijn"; Grieks βασιλικός G937 "nobele, koninklijk"; Grieks βάσις G939 "gang, lopen, allure";

Literatuur


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