G1125 γράφω
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

γράφω, [in LXX chiefly for כּתב H3789 ]; 1. to scrape, graze (Hom.), and later (Hdt.) to sketch, draw. 2. to write (a) of forming or tracing letters on writing material: Jo 8:[6], Ga 6:11, II Th 3:17; (b) to express in writing, commit to writing, record: Lk 1:63, Jo 19:21, 22 Re 1:11, 19 al.; of scripture as a standing authority (Deiss., BS, 112ff.), γέγραπται, it stands written (Luther), Mt 4:4, Mk 7:6, Lk 4:8, Ro 1:17, I Co 1:31, al.; id. seq. ἐν, Mk 1:2, Ac 1:20, al.; c. acc., to write of: Jo 1:46, Ro 10:5; seq. περί, Mt 26:24, Mk 14:21, Jo 5:46; al.; c. dat. (WM, §31, 4), Lk 18:31; id. seq. ἵνα (M, Pr., 207f.), Mk 12:19, Lk 20:28; κατὰ τ. γεγραμμένον, II Co 4:13; γεγραμμένον ἐστί, Jo 2:17; ἐγράφη, Ro 4:24; ἐπ’ αὐτῷ γεγραμμένα, Jo 12:16; (c) of writing directions or information, c. dat. pers.: Ro 15:15, II Co 7:12, al.; (d) of that which contains the record or message: βιβλίον, Mk 10:4, Jo 21:25, Re 5:1; τίτλον, Jo 19:19; ἐπιστολήν, Ac 23:25; ἐντολήν, Mk 10:5 (cf. ἀπο-, ἐγ-, ἐπι-, κατα-, προ-).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

γράφω ᾰ,
  future -ψω Herodotus Historicus 1.95, etc.: aorist ἔγραψα, Epic dialect γράψα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.599 : perfect γέγραφα Cratinus Comicus 124, Thucydides Historicus 5.26, etc.; later γεγράφηκα “PHib.” 1.78.2 (3rd c.BC) :—middle, future γράψομαι Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 107, etc. (but in Pass. sense, Galenus Medicus “προτρεπτικός - Scripta Minora” 13) : aorist ἐγραψάμην Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 894, etc. :—passive, future γρᾰφήσομαι Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 26, Nicomachus Comicus 1.39, (μετεγ-) Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1370; more frequently γεγράψομαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 411, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 18.47 , etc.: aorist ἐγράφην ᾰ, Herodotus Historicus 4.91, Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 128c, etc.; ἐγράφθην “SIG” 57.5 (Milet., 5th c.BC), Archimedes Geometra “περὶ τῶν ὀχουμένων” 2.4 : perfect γέγραμμαι (also in middle sense, see near the end), 3rd.pers. singular ἔγραπται Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 3.274 ; participle ἐγραμμένος or ἠγρ- “SIG” 9 (Elis, uncertain), “Leg.Gort.” 1.45, al.; later γεγράφημαι Philo Judaeus 2.637 : 3rd.pers. plural γεγράφαται “IG” 12.57.10 , Doric dialect γεγράβανται “Schwyzer” 90.12 (from Argos) : pluperfect ἐγέγραπτο Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.64 : 3rd.pers. plural ἐγεγράφατο Dio Cassius Historicus 56.32. Used by Homerus Epicus only in aorist active:—scratch, graze, αἰχμὴ γράψεν οἱ ὀστέον ἄχρις Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.599 ; γράψας ἐν πίνακι πτυκτῷ θυμοφθόρα πολλά having marked or drawn signs thereon, 6.169: hence, later, represent by lines, draw, paint, Herodotus Historicus 2.41, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 50, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 377e ; γῆς περιόδους γ. draw maps, Herodotus Historicus 4.36; γ. Ἔρωθ᾽ ὑπόπτερον Eubulus Comicus 41.1; προσπεπατταλευμένον γ. τὸν Προμηθέα Menander Comicus 535.2; ἀνδριάντα γ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 420c ; ζῷα γ., ={ζωγραφεῖν} (which see), prev. author “Grg.” 453c: metaph., ὁπόσα τοὺς λειμῶνας αἱ ὧραι γράφουσι Philostratus Sophista “Im.Praef.” :—middle, ζῷα γράφεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 4.88 :—passive, εἰκὼν γεγραμμένη Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 537; πίνακες γεγραμμένοι τὰ Ἀλεξάνδρου ἔργα Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 2.20.
__2 in Mathematics texts, describe a figure, Euclides Geometra “Post.” 3, al., Archimedes Geometra “περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου” 1.23, al., Galenus Medicus 1.47.
__2.b of a point or line in motion, generate a figure, Aristoteles Philosophus “Mechanica” 848b10, al.; τὸ σαμεῖον ἕλικα γράψει Archimedes Geometra “περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου” 1, compare Apollonius Pergaeus Geometra “Conica” 1.2, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “Automatopoetica” 8.1.
__3 brand, mark, Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 1.326: —passive in form γεγράφαται , prev. work 322.
__II express by written characters, write, τι Herodotus Historicus 1.125, etc.; γ. διαθήκην Plato Philosophus “Leges” 923c, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.34 (Pass.) ; γ. τινὶ ὅτι.. Thucydides Historicus 7.14 ; γ. τινί, with infinitive, “SIG” 552.13 (Abae, 3rd c.BC) ; γ. τι εἰς διφθέρας Herodotus Historicus 5.58: proverbial, ὅρκους.. γυναικὸς εἰς ὕδωρ γράφω Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 811, compare Xenarchus Comicus 6; εἰς τέφραν γ. Philonides Comicus 7 ; εἰς ὕδωρ, ἐν ὕδατι, Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 25, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 276c; ἐν χρυσῷ πίνακι prev. author “Criti.” 120c; ἐν φλοιῷ Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 18.47; καθ᾽ ὕδατος Lucianus Sophista “Cat.” 21; εἰς πέλαγος γράμματα γράψαι “epigram Gr.” 1038.8 (from Attalia): —passive, πόθι φρενὸς γέγραπται in what leaf of memory it is written, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).3.
__II.2 inscribe, γ. εἰς σκῦλα, εἰς στήλην, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 574, Demosthenes Orator 9.41: —passive, γράφεσθαί τι to be inscribed with a thing, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 157; ὧδε γέγραμμαι have my name inscribed, Inscriptiones Graecae 12(7).3 * (uncertain) ; ἐν τῷ προσώπῳ γραφεὶς τὴν συμφοράν having it branded on his forehead, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 854d ; γεγραμμένα κωκύουσαν, of the hyacinth, Euphorio Epicus 40.
__II.3 write down, γ. τινὰ αἴτιον set him down as the cause, Herodotus Historicus 7.214 ; γ. τι ἱερόν τινι register as.., Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.30 ; in magic, invoke a curse upon, Tab.Defix.Aud. 14 A 1 ; γ. τινὰ κληρονόμον, ἐπίτροπον, institute by a written document, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 923c, 924a ; register, enrol, ἐμὲ γράφε τῶν ἱππεύειν ὑπερεπιθυμούντων Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.3.21 ; οὐ Κρέοντος προστάτου γεγράψομαι, as a dependent of Cr., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 411.
__II.4 γ. τινί write a letter to one, γ. σοὶ ἵνα εἰδῇς “PGrenf.” 1.11 ii 21 (2nd c.BC) , etc.; εἴς τινα Lucianus Sophista “Syr.D.” 23.
__II.5 γ. περί τίνος write on a subject, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 13.2, etc.; ὑπέρ τινος Polybius Historicus 1.1.4, etc. ; εἴς τινα against.., Longinus Rhetor 4.3 ; πρός τινα address a work to.., prev. author 1.3 ; describe, οἱ ὑφ᾽ ἡμῶν γραφόμενοι καιροί Polybius Historicus 2.56.4 ; especially of Prose, opposed to ποιεῖν, Isocrates Orator 2.48: with double acc., τί.. γράψειειν ἄν σε μουσοποιὸς ἐν τάφ; Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 1189.
__II.6 write down a law to be proposed: hence, propose, move, γνώμην, νόμον, ψήφισμα, etc., Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.7.34, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1429, etc.: abs. (i.e. νόμον), Demosthenes Orator 18.179; γ. καὶ νομοθετεῖν περί τινος prev. author 24.48 ; γ. πόλεμον, εἰρήνην, prev. author 10.55, 19.55 : with infinitive, σὺ γράφεις ταῦτ᾽ εἶναι στρατιωτικά prev. author 1.19; ἔγραψα.. ἀποπλεῖν.. τοὺς πρέσβεις prev. author 18.25 ; enact, νόμοι οὓς τὸ πλῆθος συνελθὸν ἔγραψε Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.42 :—passive, παρὰ τὰ γραφέντα δρᾶν Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 295d; τὸ γεγραμμένον ὑπὸ σοῦ ψήφισμα Dinarchus Orator 1.70.
__II.7 prescribe, ordain, πότμος ἔγραψε Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.7.
__II.8 ὁ γράφων τὸν Ὀξυρυγχίτην (i.e. νομόν) the secretary for the nome of Oxyrhynchus, “POxy.” 239.1 (1st c.AD) ; τῷ ἰδίῳ λόγῳ γράφοντι τὸν νομόν “PFlor.” 358.5 (2nd c.AD).
__B middle, write for oneself or for one's own use, note down, Herodotus Historicus 2.82, “IG” 12.57.39, etc.; γ. τι ἐν φρεσίν Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 450 (Lyric poetry); φρενῶν ἔσω Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1325 ; ἐγραψάμην ὑπομνήματα I wrote me down some memoranda, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 143a ; cause to be written, συγγραφήν Demosthenes Orator 56.6, etc. ; γ. πρόσοδον πρὸς τὴν βουλήν petition for a hearing before the Council, prev. author 24.48.
__B.2 enrol oneself, γράψασθαι φυλῆς καὶ δήμου καὶ φρατρίας “IG” 12.374.16, prev. work2.115b21: abs., of colonists, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 850b ; but also compare (Aeschylus Tragicus 11.3), ἕνα τῶν μαθητῶν ἐμὲ γράφου enrol me as one of your disciples, prev. author “Cra.” 428b.
__B.3 as law-term, γ. τινά to indict one, τινός for some public offence, e.g. τῆς αἰσχροκερδείας, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 754e; γ. τινὰ παρανόμων Demosthenes Orator 18.13; in full, γραφὴν γράψασθαί τινα Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1482 (but in Pass., εἴ σοι γράφοιτο δίκη prev. work 758); γράψασθαι δίκας “SIG” 344.38 (from Teos) : with accusative et infinitive, γ. τινὰ ἀδικεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 894, compare “Pax” 107: abs., οἱ γραψάμενοι the prosecutors, prev. author “V.” 881; ἑτέροις οὐκ ἦν γράψασθαι Andocides Orator 1.75 ; also γράφεσθαί τι indict an act, i. e. the doer of it, as criminal, ἐγράψατο τὴν Χαβρίου δωρειάν he brought a γραφὴ παρανόμων against the person who proposed the grant to Chabrias, Demosthenes Orator 20.146, compare 95 ; τὸ χάριν τούτων ἀποδοῦναι παρανόμων γράφει (2nd pers. singular) prev. author 18.119.
__B.3.b passive, to be indicted, γραφεὶς ἀπέφυγον Demosthenes Orator 18.103 ; τοῦτο τὸ ψήφισμα ἐγράφη παρανόμων was indicted as illegal, Aeschines Orator 3.62 ; ψηφίσματα ὑπὸ τούτου οὐδὲ γραφέντα not even indicted, Demosthenes Orator 18.222 (but in 18.28, εἰ μὴ τοῦτ᾽ ἐγράφη if this decree had not been proposed, as passive of Aeschylus Tragicus 11.6) ; τὰ γεγραμμένα the articles of the indictment, prev. author 18.56 ; τὸ γεγραμμένον the penalty named in the indiclment, prev. author 24.83: —but γέγραμμαι usually takes the sense of the middle, indict, prev. author 18.59, 119, compare Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 2b, “Tht.” 210d.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀπογράφω G583 "copieren, afschrijven"; Grieks ἐπιγράφω G1924 "inprenten, opschrift geven"; Grieks προγράφω G4270 "van te voren"; Grieks ὑπογραμμός G5261 "voorbeeld"; Grieks χάραξ G5482 "paal of staak, palisade"; Grieks χειρόγραφον G5498 "manuscript, handschrift";

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