G1142_δαίμων
god, godin, geest (boze)
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Demonen,

Statistieken

Komt 4x voor in 4 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

daimo̱n,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

δαίμων, -ονος, ὁ, ἡ [in LXX for גַּד H1408, Is 65:11 (א heb; δαιμονίῳ, AB) * ;] in cl. and NT = δαιμόνιον; a demon: Mt 8:31.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

δαίμων, ονος,
  vocative δαίμων Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1480 (Lyric poetry), δαῖμον Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 2.11 , ὁ, ἡ, god, goddess, of individual gods or goddesses, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.222, 3.420, etc.; δαίμονι ἶσος 5.438 ; ἐμίσγετο δαίμονι δαίμων, of Φιλίη and Νεῖκος, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 59.1 :—but more frequently of the Divine power (while θεός denotes a God in person), the Deity, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.27 ; πρὸς δαίμονα against the Divine power, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.98; σὺν δαίμονι by its grace, 11.792 ; κατὰ δαίμονα, almost, ={τύχῃ}, by chance, Herodotus Historicus 1.111; τύχᾳ δαίμονος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.67 ; ἄμαχος δ., i. e. Destiny, Bacchylides Lyricus 15.23: in pl., ὅτι δαίμονες θέλωσιν, what the Gods ordain, prev. author 16.117; ταῦτα δ᾽ ἐν τῷ δ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1443; ἡ τύχη καὶ ὁ δ. Lysias Orator 13.63, compare Aeschines Orator 3.111; κατὰ δαίμονα καὶ συντυχίαν Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 544.
__2 the power controlling the destiny of individuals: hence, one's lot or forlune, δτυγερὸς δέ οἱ ἔχραε δ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.396, compare 10.64; δαίμονος αἶσα κακή 11.61 ; δαίμονα δώσω I will deal thee fate, i.e. kill thee, I 1.8.166 ; frequently in Trag. of good or ill fortune, ὅταν ὁ δ. εὐροῇ Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 601; δ. ἀσινής prev. author “Ag.” 1342 (Lyric poetry); κοινός prev. author “Th.” 812; γενναῖος πλὴν τοῦ δαίμονος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 76; δαίμονος σκληρότης Antipho Orator 3.3.4; τὸν οἴακα στρέφει δ. ἑκάστῳ Anaxandrides Comicus 4.6 ; personified as the good or evil genius of a family or person, δ. τῷπλεισθενιδῶν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1569, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1194 (Lyric poetry); ὁ ἑκάστου δ. Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 107d, compare “PMag.Lond.” 121.505, Iamblichus Philosophus “de Mysteriis” 9.1; ὁ δ. ὁ τὴν ἡμετέραν μοῖραν λελογχώς Lysias Orator 2.78; ἅπαντι δ. ἀνδρι συμπαρίσταται εὐθὺς γενομένῳ μυσταγωγὸς τοῦ βίου Menander Comicus 16.2 Demosthenes Orator; δ. ἀλάστορες prev. author 8D.; ὁ μέγας τοῦ Καίσαρος δ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Caesar” 69; ὁ σὸς δ. κακός prev. passage; ὁ βασιλέως δ. prev. author “Art.” 15; ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δ. 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 119; Ξενοκράτης φησὶ τὴν ψυχὴν ἑκάστου εἶναι δ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 112a37.
__II δαίμονες, οἱ, souls of men of the golden age, acting as tutelary deities, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 122, Theognis Elegiacus 1348, Phocylides Lyricus 15, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 115.5, etc.; θεῶν, δ., ἡρώων, τῶν ἐν Ἅιδου Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 392a: less frequently in sg., δαίμονι δ᾽ οἷος ἔησθα τὸ ἐργάζεσθαι ἄμεινον Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 314 ; τὸν τὲ δ. Δαρεῖον ἀγκαλεῖσθε, of the deified Darius, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 620 ; νῦν δ᾽ ἐστὶ μάκαιρα δ., of Alcestis, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 1003 (Lyric poetry), compare “IG” 12(5).305.5 (from Paros) : later, of departed souls, Lucianus Sophista “Luct.” 24 ; δαίμοσιν εὐσεβέσιν, = Dis Manibus, Inscriptiones Graecae 14.1683 ; so θεοὶ δ., prev. work938, al.: also, ghost, Pausanias Periegeta 6.6.8.
__II.2 generally, spiritual or semi-divine being inferior to the Gods, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.415a, al., Sallustius Philosophus 12, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 183, etc. ; especially evil spirit, demon, NT.Matt.8.31, Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 8.2.5; φαῦλοι δ. Alexander Aphrodisiensis Philosophus “Problemata - Physici et Medici Graeci Minores” 2.46 ; δαίμονος ἔσοδος εἰς τὸν ἄνθρωπον, Aretaeus Medicus “περὶ αἰτιῶν καὶ σημείων χρονίων παθῶν” 1.4; πρᾶξις ἐκβάλλουσα δαίμονας “PMag.Par.” 1227.
__II.3 ἀγαθὸς δ. the Good Genius to whom a toast was drunk after dinner, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 525, Nicostratus Comicus 20, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 4.3, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.655e, Philonides Comicus cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 15.675b, Pausanias Periegeta 9.39.5, “IG” 12(3).436 (from Thera) , etc.; of Nero, ἀ. δ. τῆς οἰκουμένης “OGI” 666.3 ; of the Nile, ἀ. δ. ποταμός prev. work672.7 (1st c.AD) ; of the tutelary genius of individuals (above 1), ἀ. δ. Ποσειδωνίου “SIG” 1044.9 (Halic.): pl., δαίμονες ἀ., = Latin Di Manes, “SIG” 1246 (from Mylasa): Astrology texts, ἀγαθός, κακός δ., names of celestial κλῆροι, Paulus Alexandrinus Astrologus “N.” 4, “O.” 1, etc. (Less correctly written Ἀγαθοδαίμων, which see).
__B ={δαήμων}, knowing, δ. μάχης skilled in fight, Archilochus Lyricus 3.4. (Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 398b , suggests this as the originally sense; while others would write δαήμονες in Archilochus Lyricus , and get rid of this sense altogether; compare however αἵμων. More probably the Root of δαίμων (deity) is δαίω to distribute destinies;; compare Alcman Lyricus 48.)

Literatuur


Commentaar

Zie de huisregels welk commentaar wordt opgenomen!


Mede mogelijk dankzij

BoekenBoeken