G1163 δεῖ
past, juist, behoefte aan, nodig hebben
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

δεῖ impersonal (δέω), [in LXX chiefly for infin. with לְ H3926 ;] one must, it is necessary: c. inf., Mt 26:54, Mk 13:7, Ac 5:29, al.; c. acc. et inf., Mt 16:21, Mk 8:31, Jo 3:7, Ac 25:10, al.; with ellipse of acc., Mt 23:23; of acc., and inf., Mk 13:14, Ro 1:27 8:26; οὐ (μὴ) δεῖ (non licet), ought not, must not: Ac 25:24, II Ti 2:24; impf., ἔδει, of necessity or obligation in past time regarding a past event (Bl., § 63, 4), Mt 18:33, Lk 15:32, Jo 4:4, Ac 27:21, al.; periphr., δέον ἐστίν (as in Attic, χρεών ἐστι = χρή, v.s. δέον), Ac 19:36; id., with ellipse of ἐστίν, I Pe 1:6 τὰ μὴ δέοντα (= ἃ οὐ δεῖ I Ti 5:13.

SYN.: ὀφείλει G3784, expressing moral obligation, as distinct from δεῖ, denoting logical necessity and χρή G5534, a need which results from the fitness of things (v. Tr., Syn., § cvii, 10; Westc. on He 2:1, I Jn 2:6; Hort on Ja 3:10).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

δεῖ:
  subjunctive δέη, sometimes contraction δῆ (in codices of Comedy texts, as Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 265) ; ὁπόσου κα δῆ “IG” 4.1484.65 (Epid.), compare “SIG” 245 G 47 (Delph.); opt. δέοι Thucydides Historicus 4.4 ; infinitive δεῖ; participle δέον (see. infr. IV): imperfect ἔδει, Ionic dialect ἔδεε: future δεήσει Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 941, etc. : aorist I ἐδέησε Thucydides Historicus 2.77, etc. —Impers. from δέω (A), there is need (the sense of moral obligation, properly belonging to χρή, is later, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 583, etc.):
__I c.accusative person et infinitive, it is needful for one to do, one must, once in Homerus Epicus, τί δὲ δεῖ πολεμιζέμεναι.. Ἀργείους why need the Argives fight? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.337; δ. μ᾽ ἐλθεῖν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.28, etc. : with nominative of the pronoun, ἡγούμην.. δεῖν.. μεγαλοψυχότερος φαίνεσθαι Demosthenes Orator 19.235: rarely δεῖ σ᾽ ὅπως δείξεις, ={δεῖ σε δεῖξαι}, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 556, compare “Ph.” 54; δεῖ σ᾽ ὅπως μηδὲν διοίσεις Cratinus Comicus 108; (the full constr. in Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 77 τοῦτο δεῖ σοφισθῆναι.. ὅπως γενήσῃ) : rarely with dative person, there is need of.. for.., θεοῖσι προσβαλεῖν χθονὶ ἄλλην δεήσει γαῖαν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 941, compare Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.4.35, “Oec.” 7.20: the acc. pers. is often omitted, ἐκ τῶν μανθάνειν δεῖ (i.e. ἡμᾶς) Herodotus Historicus 1.8, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 567, “Eu.” 826, etc.
__I.2 with accusative of things et infinitive, δεῖ τι γενέσθαι Thucydides Historicus 5.26; παραδείγματα, καθ᾽ ἃ δέοι ἀποκρίνεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Meno” 79a, etc. ; also ἐπεὶ δέ οἱ ἔδεε κακῶς γενέσθαι since it was fated for him.., since he was doomed.., Herodotus Historicus 2.161, compare 8.53, 9.109, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 825 ; for οἴομαι δεῖν, see at {οἴομαι}.
__I.3 absolutely with infinitive understood, μὴ πεῖθ᾽ ἃ μὴ δεῖ (i.e. πείθειν) Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1442, compare “OT” 1273 ; εἴ τι δέοι, ἤν τι δέῃ (i.e. γενέσθαι), Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.59, Thucydides Historicus 1.44 ; κἂν δέῃ (i.e. τροχάζειν), τροχάζῶ {5-6th c.BC}: Philetaerus Comicus 3.
__II with genitive of things, there is need of, frequently with negative, οὐδὲν ἂν δέοι πολλοῦ ἀργυρίου Plato Philosophus “Crito” 45a, etc.; τί δεῖ τῆς ἀρετῆ; Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1309b10 ; sometimes with infinitive added, μακροῦ λόγου δεῖ ταῦτ᾽ ἐπεξελθεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 870, compare 875, “Supp.” 407.
__II.b frequently in phrases, πολλοῦ δεῖ there wants much, far from it, ὀλίγου δεῖ there wants little, all but; in full with infinitive, πολλοῦ δεῖ οὕτως ἔχειν Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 35d; τοὺς Πλαταιέας ἐλαχίστου ἐδέησε διαφθεῖραι τὸ πῦρ Thucydides Historicus 2.77; πολλοῦ γε δεῖ, πολλοῦ γε καὶ δεῖ Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 543, Demosthenes Orator 18.300, 21.71 ; τοῦ πλεῦνος αἰεὶ ἔδεε there was always further to travel, Herodotus Historicus 4.43; τοῦ παντὸς δεῖ Lucianus Sophista “Merc.Cond.” 13: also ὀλίγου δεῖν absolutely, in same sense, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 22a, etc.; μικροῦ δεῖν Demosthenes Orator 27.29.
__II.2 with dative person added, δεῖ μοί τινος Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 848, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 565, Thucydides Historicus 1.71, etc.
__II.3 with accusative person added, αὐτὸν γάρ σε δεῖ προμηθέως Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 86, compare Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 837, “Hipp.” 23.
__II.4 rarely with Subj. in nominative, δεῖ μοί τι something is needful to me, ἓν δεῖ μόνον μοι Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 594; εἴ τι δέοι τῷ χορῷ Antipho Orator 6.12; πρῶτον μὲν τοῦτο δεῖ, ὑπειληφέναι.. Demosthenes Orator 10.15.
__III middle, δεῖται there is need, with genitive, δεῖταί σοι τῆς αὐτῆς ἐρωτήσεως Plato Philosophus “Meno” 79c; ὅσων δέοιτο Aeneas Tacticus 13.1; ἑτέρου δεῖσθαι στρατηγοῦ νομίζων Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pelopidas” 26 : with infinitive, ὥστε βραχἔ ἐμοὶ δεῖσθαι φράσαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 570 (codices); δεήσεται.. ἀναγράφεσθαι Aeneas Tacticus 31.9; τήν μευ γλῶσσαν ἐκτεμεῖν δεῖται Herodas Mimographus 6.41.
__IV neuter participle δέον (δεῖν is uncertain in Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 220, Lysias Orator 14.7, compare Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 132.30, Hdn.Gr. 2.328, al., 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus) : absolutely, it being needful or fitting, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 355d, etc. ; οὐκ ἀπήντα, δέον, he did not appear in court, though he ought to have done so, Demosthenes Orator 21.90 : with infinitive, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 988 ; οὐδὲν δέον there being no need, Herodotus Historicus 3.65, etc. : future ὡς αὐτίκα δεῆσον διώκειν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.2.8 : aorist δεῆσαν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Fabius Maximus” 9, etc.: also δέον ἂν εἴη, ={δέοι ἄν}, Polybius Historicus 2.37.5, etc.: less frequently gen. abs. δέοντος, with accusative infinitive, Cornutus Philosophus “de Natura Deorum” 17.
__IV.2 substantive δέον, τό (see entry vocative).

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