G1484 ἔθνος
menigte, ras, natie, volksgroep
Taal: Grieks

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Heiden, Heidenen, Volk, natie,

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Komt 166x voor in 17 Bijbelboeken.

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éthnos̱,

Synoniemen en gelijksoortige woorden

Hebreeuws גּוֹי H1471, cf. εθνη και σκηνωματα (LXX 2 Sam. 7:23).


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἔθνος, -ους, τό, [in LXX chiefly for עַם ,גּוֹי H5971,H1471 ;] 1. a multitude, a company, whether of beasts or men (Hom.). 2. a nation, people: Mt 21:43 24:7, Mk 13:8, Lk 22:25, Ac 10:35, al.; in sing., of the Jewish people, Lk 7:5 23:2, Jo 11:48, 50-53 18:35, Ac 10:22 24:3, 10 26:4 28:19. 3. In pl., as in OT, τὰ ἔ. (like Heb. הַגּוֹיִם H1471), the nations, as distinct from Israel, Gentiles: Mt 4:15 6:32, Ac 26:17, Ro 3:29 11:11 15:10, Ga 2:8, al.; of Gentile Christians, Ro 11:13 15:27 16:4, Ga 2:12, 14, Eph 3:1.

SYN.: λαός (v. DCG, ii, 229; Cremer, 226).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἔθνος, εος, τό:
  (ϝέθνος, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.87, 7.115, al.) : - number of people living together, company, body of men, ἑτάρων ἔ., ἔ. ἑταίρων, band of comrades, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.32, 7.115, etc. ; ἔθνος λαῶν host of men, 13.495 ; of particular tribes, Αυκίων μέγα ἔ. 12.330; Ἀχαιῶν ἔ. 17.552: pl., ἔθνεα πεζῶν 11.724, compare 2.91; ἔ. νεκρῶν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.526 ; of animals, ἔ. μελισσάων, ὀρνίθων, μυιάων, swarms, flocks, etc., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.87, 459, 469; ἔθνη θηρῶν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1147 (Lyric poetry), “Ant.” 344 ; ἔ. ἀνέρων, γυναικῶν, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.66, “P.” 4.252 ; ἔ. βρότεον, θνατόν, prev. author “N.” 3.74, 11.42 ; ἔ. τόδε, of the Erinyes, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 366 (Lyric poetry).
__2 after Homerus Epicus , nation, people, τὸ Μηδικὸν ἔ. (γένος being a subdivision of ἔθνος) Herodotus Historicus 1.101 ; ἔ. ἠπειρογενές, μαχαιροφόρον, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 43, 56 (anap.), etc.; τῶν μηδισάντων ἐθνέων τῶν Ἑλληνικῶν Herodotus Historicus 9.106.
__2.b later, τὰ ἔ. foreign, barbarous nations, opposed to Ἕλληνες, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1324b10 ; ἔ. νομάδων, of Bedawîn, “LW” 2203 (from Syria) ; at Athens, athletic clubs of non-Athenians, Inscriptiones Graecae 2.444, al.; in LXX , non-Jews, LXX.Psa.2.1, al.,cf. NT.Act.7.45; “Gentiles”, τῶν ἐθνῶν τε καὶ Ἰουδαίων prev. work 14.5, etc.; used of “Gentile Christians, Ep. Rom.” 15.27. +NT
__2.c at Rome, = provinciae, Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 2.13, Herodianus Grammaticus 1.2.1, “PStrassb.” 22.19 (3rd c.AD), Dio Cassius Historicus 36.41, etc. : so in singular, province, ὁ τυραννήσας τοῦ ἔθνους Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 43.11 ; ὁ ἡγούμενος τοῦ ἔθνους the governor of the province, POxy. 1020.5 (3rd c.AD).
__3 class of men, caste, tribe, τὸ Θετταλῶν.. πενεστικὸν ἔ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 776d; ἔθνος κηρυκικόν prev. author “Plt.” 290b ; οἶσθά τι ἔ. ἠλιθιώτερον ῥαψῳδῶ; Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 3.6 ; δημιουργικὸν ἔ. Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 455b, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 3; ἔ. βραχμάνων Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.102 ; τὰ ἱερὰ ἔ. the orders of priests, “OGI” 90.17 (2nd c.BC) ; trade-associations or guilds, ἔθνη καὶ ἐργαστήρια “PPetr.” 3p.67 (3rd c.BC), al. ; class in respect to rank or station, οὐ πρὸς τοῦτο βλέποντες.. ὅπως.. ἕν τι ἔ. ἔσται διαφερόντως εὔδαιμον Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 420b, compare 421c, Demosthenes Orator 21.131.
__4 sex, θῆλυ, ἄρρεν ἔ., Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 7.26.
__5 part, member, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τόπων τῶν κατὰ ἄνθρωπον” 1.
__II of a single person, a relation, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 5.43.
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