G1658_ἐλεύθερος
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Taal: Grieks

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eleytheros̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐλεύθερος, -α, -ον [in LXX chiefly for חׇפְשִׁי H2670 ;] free; (a) in civil sense, not a slave: Jo 8:33, I Co 7:21, 22 12:13, Ga 3:28, Eph 6:8, Col 3:11, Re 6:15 13:16 19:18; fem., Ga 4:22, 23, 30; (b) as regards restraint and obligation in general: Mt 17:26, I Co 9:1; seq. ἐκ, I Co 9:19; ἀπό, Ro 7:3; c. inf., I Co 7:39; from the law, Ga 4:26, I Pe 2:16; from sin, Jo 8:36; τῇ δικαιοσύνῃ, as regards righteousness, Ro 6:20 (Cremer, 249).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐλεύθερος, α, ον
  (ος, ον Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 328, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 868) : later ἐλαύθερος “BCH” 22.76(Delph.) ; Elean ἐλεύθαρος “Schwyzer” 416.3 :— free, Homerus Epicus has the word only in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” in two phrases, ἐλεύθερον ἦμαρ the day of freedom, i.e.freedom, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.455, 16.831, al. ; and κρητὴρ ἐλεύθερος the cup drunk to freedom, 6.528; ἐ. πιοῦσαν οἶνον ἀποθανεῖν Xenarchus Comicus 5 codices Athenaeus Epigrammaticus (perhaps -ριον,compare ἐλευθέριος 1.2) ; of persons, Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 25.11, Herodotus Historicus 1.6, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 50, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1020, Thucydides Historicus 8.15, etc. : comparative, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.3.21 : superlative, prev. author “Hier.” 1.16 ; τὸ ἐ. freedom, Hdt 7.103 , etc.; τοὐλεύθερον Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 438 : c.genitive, free or freed from a thing, φόνου, πημάτων, φόβου, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 603 codices, “Ch.” 1060, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 869; αἰτίας Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 272 ; ἔξω αἰτίας ἐ. Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 445 ; ἐ. ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων independent, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.2.23, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 832d.
__b ἐλευθέρα, ἡ, married woman, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 13.571d ; wife, POxy. 1872.8(5th-6th c.AD) ; but, freedwoman, Inscriptiones Graecae 14.2490 (from Vienne).
__c free, of cities, in Roman Law, “BGU” 316.3 (4th c.AD).
__2 of things, free, open to all, ἀγορά Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.2.3 ; ἐ. φυλακή,= Latin libera custodia, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 4.46; περιωπή Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 15.5 ; unencumbered, of property, Demosthenes Orator 35.21, “IG” 9(1).32.10 (from Stiris), “SIG” 364.36 (Ephesus, 3rd c.BC).
__3 ἐλεύθερον εἶναί τινι, with infinitive, legally permissible, open to.., prev. work45.42 (Halic., 5th c.BC).
__II ={ἐλευθέριος}, fit for a freeman, free, frank, φρήν Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.57; ἐλευθερωτέρη ὑπόκρισις Herodotus Historicus 1.116; ἐλεύθρα βάζειν Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 593 (Lyric poetry); ὦ μηδὲν ὑγιὲς μηδ᾽ ἐ. φρονῶν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1006; δούλη μέν, εἴρηκεν δ᾽ ἐ. λόγον prev. author “Tr.” 63, compare “El.” 1256; φρονήματα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 567a ; βάσανοι ἐ. tortures such as might be used to a freeman, prev. author “Lg.” 946c (so φάσγανα Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 495.38) ; τὸ ἐ. Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 245c : frequently in adverb -ρως, εἰπεῖν Herodotus Historicus 5.93, al. ; χαίρειν.. καὶ γελᾶν ἐ. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1300; τεθραμμένους Isocrates Orator 7.43 codices (perhaps -ερίως) ; παιδευθεὶς ἐ. Aeschines Orator 3.154 codices (perhaps -ερίως); ἐ. δούλευε, δοῦλος οὐκ ἔσει Menander Comicus 857 ; ἐλεύθεροι ἐλευθέρως free and like free men, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 919e . (Cf. Latin līber, from Ital. *loufero-(cf. Osc. “Luvfreis” 'Liberi'), I.- Euripides Tragicus (e)leudh-ero-: the connexion with Slavonic liud, OHG. liut, etc. 'people' is doubtful.)

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