G1904 ἐπέρχομαι
aankomen, inhalen, ontmoeten
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

* ἐπ-εισ-έρχομαι [in LXX: I Mac 16:16 (c. dat.) * ;] to come in upon: seq. ἐπί Lk 21:35.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  imperfect ἐπηρχόμην Thucydides Historicus 4.120 (unless from ἐπάρχομαι: Attic dialect imperfect is ἐπῇα (but see at {ἔρχομαι}) and future ἔπειμι): aorist 2 ἐπῆλθον, Epic dialect -ήλῠθον: perfect -ελήλυθα:
__I come upon:
__I.1 of persons, approach, with dative, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.200, 218 , etc.; especially come suddenly upon, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.155, Herodotus Historicus 6.95: with acc., ἐ. πόλιν Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 593 codices (nisi to be read ἐσ-); come to for advice, μάντεις, μοῦσαν, prev\. author “Supp.” 155, “Hel.” 165, compare Plato Philosophus “Lg.” 772d: with Preps., ἐ. ἐς ποταμόν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.280, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Aj.” 438: metaph., ἐ. ἐς λόγου στάσιν prev\. author “Tr.” 1180; ἐ. ἐς πόλεμον Thucydides Historicus 3.47; ἐ. ἐνθάδε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.651 .
__I.1.b frequently in hostile sense, go or come against, attack, absolutely, 12.136, al., Thucydides Historicus 1.90, etc.: with dat., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.91, Euripides Tragicus “Ba.” 736, Thucydides Historicus 6.34, etc.: rarely with acc., τμήδην αὐχέν᾽ ἐπῆλθε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.262 ; τὴν τῶν πέλας ἐ. invade it, Thucydides Historicus 2.39 : hence, visit, reprove, ταῦτα μέν σε πρῶτ᾽ ἐπῆλθον Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 349, compare “Andr.” 688: with a Prep. , invade, ἐπὶ τὴν οἰκίαν “PFay.” 12.12 (2nd c.BC).
__I.1.c come forward to speak, Euripides Tragicus “Or.” 931, Thucydides Historicus 1.119, Plato Philosophus “Lg.” 850c; ἐ. ἐπὶ τὸν δῆμον, ἐπὶ τοὺς ἐφόρους, Herodotus Historicus 5.97, 9.7; ἐπὶ τὸ κοινόν Thucydides Historicus 1.90 ; τοῖς Αακεδαιμονίοις prev. work 91.
__I.1.d in Law, proceed against, ἐπί τινα “PEleph.” 3.3 (3rd c.BC); ἐπί τινα περί τινος “PAmh.” 2.96.8 (3rd c.AD); τινὶ περί τινος “POxy.” 489.11 (2nd c.AD); ἐπὶ πιττάκιον impugn, “BGU” 1167.14 (1st c.BC) : also in aorist 1 ἐπελεύσασθαι “PStrassb.” 35.25 (2nd c.BC), etc. (ἐπιπορεύομαι (which see) is more common in the present in the Hellenistic period.)
__I.2 of events, conditions, etc., come upon, especially come suddenly upon, with accusative, μιν.. ἐπήλυθε νήδυμος ὕπνος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.793, al., compare Herodotus Historicus 2.141; ἔρως γὰρ ἄνδρας οὐ μόνους ἐπέρχεται Euripides Tragicus “fragment” 431 : with dative, τοῖσιν ἐπήλυθε νήδυμος ὕπνος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.311, compare 5.472; μοι νοῦσος ἐπήλυθεν 11.200 ; βροτοῖσιν.. ὅταν κλύδων κακῶν ἐπέλθῃ Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Persae” 600, compare “Ag.” 1256; ἐπῆλθέ μοι πάθος Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Leges” 811d , etc.
__I.3 with dative person, come into one's head, occur to one, ἵμερος ἐπειρέσθαι μοι ἐπῆλθε Herodotus Historicus 1.30 ; ὅ τι ἂν ἐπέλθῃ Latin quicquid in buccam venerit, Isocrates Orator 12.24: impers. with infinitive, καί οἱ ἐπῆλθε πταρεῖν Herodotus Historicus 6.107, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Tr.” 134 (Lyric poetry); ἐμοὶ τοιαῦτ᾽ ἄττα ἐ. λέγειν Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Gorgias” 485e, etc.; also ἐπέρχεταί με λέγειν prev\. author “Phd.” 88d .
__I.4 come in, of revenues, etc., ἐπερχόμενοι τόκοι, ἐπιβολαί, “BGU” 155.11 (2nd c.AD), 1049.16 (4th c.AD).
__II of Time, come on, ἐπήλυθον ὧραι the season came round again, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.107 , etc.; also, come on, be at hand, νὺξ δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἐπῆλθε 14.457; γῆρας ἐ. Theognis Elegiacus 528, 728; ἕκαθεν ἐπελθὼν ὁ μέλλων χρόνος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).7 ; τὸ παρὸν τό τ᾽ ἐπερχόμενον πῆμα and that which is coming, the future, Aeschylus Tragicus “Pr.” 98.
__II.2 come in after or over another, of a second wife, Herodotus Historicus 5.41.
__III go over or on a space, traverse, mostly of persons, with accusative, πολλὴν γαῖαν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.268; ἀγρόν 16.27; ἄγκεα πολλά Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.321, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.139, Herodotus Historicus 1.30 ; go the round of, visit, δόμους Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1297; ναοὺς χοροῖς prev\. author “Ant.” 153 (Lyric poetry); πόλιν, of a god, 1st c.AD(?): Macedonius Epigrammaticus “Pac.” 29 ; of an officer, πύλας φυλακάς τ᾽ ἐπῆλθον Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 699; τὰς ξυνωμοσίας ἐπελθών Thucydides Historicus 8.54 ; walk on ice, prev\. author 3.23; also of water, ἐπέρχεται ὁ Νεῖλος τὸ Δέλτα overflows it, Herodotus Historicus 2.19, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Supp.” 559 (Lyric poetry), Thucydides Historicus 3.89.
__III.2 go through or over, discuss, recount, with accusative, Hesiodus Epicus “fragment” 160.4 codices 1st cStrabo Geographus, Aristophanes Comicus “Eq.” 618 ; review, τὰ εἰρημένα περί τινος Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1172b8; also ἐ. περί τινος prev\. author “Ph.” 189b31 , al.; followed by an interrogative, πειρατέον ἐπελθεῖν τίνες.. prev\. author “Pol.” 1289b24 ; πῶς δεῖ.. ἐπέλθωμεν συντόμως prev. work 1317a15.
__III.3 accomplish, πολέμῳ καὶ διαχειρίσει πραγμάτων Thucydides Historicus 1.97 .
__IV come up to, imitate, πάτρῳ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 6.46 .

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