G1933 ἐπιεικής
gepast, behoorlijk, geduldig, muld, goedig
Taal: Grieks

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epieikēs̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐπιεικής, -ές (< εἰκός, likely), [in LXX: Ps 85(86):5 (סַלָּח H5546), Es 8:13 * ;] 1. seemly, fitting (Hom.). 2. equitable, fair, moderate: I Ti 3:3, Tit 3:2, I Pe 2:18, Ja 3:17; τὸ ἐ. (Thuc., i, 76), Phl 4:5 (cf. Mayor, Ja, l.c., and v.s. ἐπιεικία).† ἐπιείκεια v.s. ἐπιεικία

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐπιεικ-ής, ές,
  fitting, meet, suitable, τύμβον οὐ μάλα πολλὸν.., ἀλλ᾽ ἐπιεικέα τοῖον not very large but meet in size, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.246; τείσουσι βοῶν ἐπιεικέ᾽ ἀμοιβήν a fair recompense for them, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.382.—Elsewh. Homerus Epicus has only the neut. ἐπιεικές, either in the phrase ὡς ἐπιεικές as is meet, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.147, 23.537, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.389 : or c.infinitive, ὅν κ᾽ ἐπιεικὲς ἀκουέμεν whom it may be meet for you to hear, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.547; ὅπλα.. οἷ᾽ ἐπιεικὲς ἔργ᾽ ἔμεν ἀθανάτων such as is meet they should be, 19.21, compare 23.50, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.207.
__II. after Homerus Epicus,
__II.1. of statements, rights, etc.,
__II.1.a. reasonable, specious, ἡ δὲ τρίτη τῶν ὁδῶν πολλὸν ἐπιεικεστάτη ἐοῦσα μάλιστα ἔψευσται Herodotus Historicus 2.22; ἐ. πρόφασις Thucydides Historicus 3.9; λόγος Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Timaeus” 67d ; ἐπιεικῆ λέγειν prev\. author “Ap.” 34d ; ἐ. ὁδός a tolerable road, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Crass.” 22.
__II.1.b. opposed to δίκαιος, fair, equitable, not according to the letter of the law, ἐπανόρθωμα νομίμου δικαίου Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1137b11, compare “Rh.” 1374a26; τῶν δικαίων τὰ ἐπιεικέστερα προτιθεῖσι Herodotus Historicus 3.53 ; οὔτε τοὐπ. οὔτε τὴν χάριν οἶδεν, μόνην δ᾽ ἔστερξε τὴν ἁπλῶς δίκην Sophocles Tragicus “fragment” 770, compare Euripides Tragicus “fragment” 645; συγχωρεῖν τἀπιεικῆ τινι Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Nubes” 1438; ἐπιεικέστερον ἢ δικαιότερον Antipho Orator 2.2.13; ἐ. ὁμολογία Thucydides Historicus 3.4; γνώμη Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Vespae” 1027; τὸ ἐ. καὶ σύγγνωμον Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Leges” 757e ; πρὸς τὸ ἐ., ={ἐπιεικῶς} 3, Thucydides Historicus 4.19.
__II.2. of persons, able, capable, παῖς τὰ μὲν ἄλλα ἐ., ἄφωνος δέ Herodotus Historicus 1.85; οἱ ἐπιεικέστατοι τῶν τριηράρχων Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.30 ; τίνες.. τῶν νέων ἐπίδοξοι γενέσθαι ἐ. may be expected to turn out well, Plato Philosophus “Tht.” 143d, compare “Lg.” 957a; τοὺς ἐ. καὶ τοῦ δήμου καὶ τῶν εὐπόρων Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 26.1 .
__II.2.b. in moral sense, reasonable, fair, good, ἐ. τὴν ψυχήν, φύσει, Plato Philosophus “Smp.” 210b, “R.” 538c: abs., Thucydides Historicus 8.93, Isocrates Orator 1.48, NT.Jam.3.17, etc.; ἐ. ἄνδρες, opposed to μοχθηροί, Aristoteles Philosophus “Po.” 1452b34; ἐ. περὶ τὰ συμβόλαια Demosthenes Orator 34.30 ; τοὐπιεικές fairness, goodness, Sophocles Tragicus “OC” 1127.
__II.2.c. with social or political connotation, the upper or educated classes, λέγω ἀντικεῖσθαι τοὺς ἐ. τῷ πλήθει Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1308b27, compare “Ath.” 28.1.
__III. adverb -κῶς, Ionic dialect -κέως, fairly, tolerably, moderately, ἐγγλύσσει ἐ. Herodotus Historicus 2.92; ἐ. δάκνειν, παρρησίαν ἄγειν, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Lib.” pp.13,45 O.; ἐ. ἔχειν to be pretty well, Hippocrates Medicus “Coac.” 368; ἐ. ἐξεπίστασθαι Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Vespae” 1249; ἔστι τὸ χωρίον ἐ. ἰσχυρόν “Hellenica Oxyrhynchia” 13.5; ἐ. ἀναίσθητον Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione et Corruptione” 319b20; ἐ. πλατύ prev\. author “HA” 495b27, compare 497a23; οἱ πυρετοὶ ἐς τεταρταῖον ἐ. μεθίστανται about the fourth day, Hippocrates Medicus “Coac.” 140, compare Alexander Rhetor 281; ἐ. τὸ τρίτον μέρος pretty nearly, about, Polybius Historicus 6.26.8; ἐ. οἷοί τε ἦσαν κατέχειν were fairly well able.., Plato Philosophus “Phd.” 117c; ἐ. μὲν.. perhaps, prev\. author “Grg.” 493c.
__III.2. probably, reasonably, prev\. author “R.” 431e, etc.: Sup. -έστατα, γενέσθαι most suitably, prev\. author “Lg.” 753b.
__III.3. with moderation, mildly, kindly, οὐκ ἐ. ἐντυγχάνων οὐδὲ πρᾴως Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Pyrrhus” 23 ; ἐ. ἔχειν πρός τινα Isocrates Orator {5-6th c.BC} 15.4 : comparative -έστερον, διακείμενοι prev\. author 8.61 .
__III.4. generally, usually, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pel.” 18, Julianus Imperator “Mis.” 348c, Libanius Sophista “Or.” 11.19, al.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks εἴκω G1503 "gelijken op"; Grieks ἐπιείκεια G1932 "gematigdheid, mildheid, geduld";

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