G1987 ἐπίσταμαι
kennen, weten, begrijpen
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐπίσταμαι (prob. an old mid, of ἐφίστημι, q.v.), [in LXX chiefly for יָדַע H3045 ;] to know, know of, understand: c. acc pers., Ac 19:15; c. ptcp., ib. 24:10; c. acc rei, Mk 14:68, Ac 18:25, I Ti 6:4, Ja 4:14, Ju 10; seq. περί, Ac 26:26; ὅτι, ib. 15:7 19:25 22:19; ὡς, ib. 10:28; πῶς, ib. 20:18; ποῦ, He 11:8.† SYN: γινώσκω G1097 (q.v.), οἶδα G1492

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐπίστᾰμαι, 2
  person -ασαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 376, 982, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 629, Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 296a, but ἐπίστᾳ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.80, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 86, 581, ἐπίστῃ Theognis Elegiacus 1085, “PCair.Zen.” 41.19 (3rd c.BC), Ion. ἐπίστεαι ἐξ-) Herodotus Historicus 7.135; imper. ἐπίστασο prev. work 29, 209, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 840, 967, “PCair.Zen.” 57.4 (3rd c.BC), etc., but ἐπίσταο variant in Herodotus Historicus 7.209 , contraction ἐπίστω Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 658, etc. ; subjunctive Ionic dialect ἐπιστέωμαι Herodotus Historicus 3.134 , Attic dialect ἐπίστωμαι Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 296a : imperfect ἠπιστάμην Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 267, etc.; without augment ἐπίστατο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.60: Herodotus Historicus has ἐπ- 5.42 (variant ἠπ-), ἠπ- 3.139 ; Ionic dialect 3rd.pers. plural ἠπιστέατο or ἐπιστέατο 8.132 : future ἐπιστήσομαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.320, etc. : aorist 1 ἠπιστήθην Herodotus Historicus 3.15, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 687a.
__I. know how to do, be able to do, capable of doing, c.infinitive, οὐδέ οἱ ὀστέ᾽ ἐπιστήσονται Ἀχαιοὶ ἀλλέξαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.320, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.207, Sappho Lyrica 70, etc.: Homerus Epicus has it both of intellectual power, ὅς τις ἐπίσταιτο ᾗσι φρεσὶν ἄρτια βάζειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.92; ἐπιστάμεναι σάφα θυμῷ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.730 ; and of artistic skill, ὃς χερσὶν ἐπίστατο δαίδαλα πάντα τεύχειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.60 : frequently in Trag. and Attic dialect, οὔπω σωφρονεῖν ἐπίστασαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 982, compare 1032, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 589; πένεσθαι δ᾽ οὐκ ἐ. δόμος Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 962; ἐ... θεοὺς σέβειν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 996, cf. Alcaeus566 ; κιθαρίζειν οὐκ ἐ. Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 989, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 223d, “R.” 420e, al.: without infinitive, σῷζ ὅπως ἐπίστασαι as best you can, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 376, compare “Eu.” 581.
__I.2. to be assured, feel sure that.., τοῦτον ἐπίστανται πλεῖστα εἰδέναι 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 57, compare Herodotus Historicus 3.134, 139, 6.139, al.: followed by ὡς, prev. author 1.122.
__II. with accusative, understand a matter, know, be versed in or acquainted with, πολλὰ δ᾽ ἐπίστατο ἔργα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.705, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.117; Μουσέων δῶρον Archilochus Lyricus 1; τὴν τέχνην Herodotus Historicus 3.130; τὸ μέλλον Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 373; ἐμπειρίᾳ ἐ. τὴν ναυτικήν Thucydides Historicus 4.10; τὰς φύσεις ὑμῶν prev. author 7.14; πάσας τὰς δημιουργίας Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 598c ; ἔγωγε γράμματ᾽ οὐδ᾽ ἐ. Cratinus Comicus 122 ; τὸ μὴ ἐ. γράμματα illiteracy, “PRyl.” 73.19 (1st c.BC), etc. ; ἐ. ἱερατικὰ καὶ Αἰγύπτια γράμματα “PTeb.” 291.41 (2nd c.AD) ; ἐ. μύθους τοὺς Αἰσώπου know them by heart, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 61b, compare “Grg.” 484b: also with an adverb, Συριστὶ ἐ. know Syrian, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.5.31 ; with accusative and infinitive conjoined, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 276 ; with infinitive to explanation the accusative, ἔργον δὲ μοῦνον ἐσθίειν ἐ. 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 7.24, compare Archilochus Lyricus 65.
__II.2. after Homerus Epicus , know as a fact, know for certain, ἐπισταμένοισι εὖ οὐκ ἄν τις λέγοι Herodotus Historicus 7.8.ά, etc. ; used convertibly with εἰδέναι, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 163b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 66b31, “Ph.” 184a10 ; even χάριν ἐ., ={χάριν εἰδέναι}, Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 8.246c (but sometimes εἰδέναι is general, ἐπίστασθαι being confined to scientific knowledge (ἐπιστήμη), διὰ τὸ εἰδέναι τὸ ἐπίστασθαι ἐδίωκον Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 982b21): frequently strengthened, εὖ ἐ . Hdt. same place; σαφῶς ἐ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 840, etc.: most frequently with acc., τὰ διαφέροντα ἐ. Andocides Orator 4.19, etc.; also ἐ. περί τινος Herodotus Historicus 2.3, Thucydides Historicus 6.60; περὶ θεῶν Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 795.4: followed by a dependent clause, τί σφιν χρήσηται ἐ. Theognis Elegiacus 772 ; ἐ. ὅτι.., or ἐ. τοῦτο, ὅτι.., Herodotus Historicus 1.3, 156, etc.; ὡς.. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 599; τοῦτ᾽ ἐπίστασ᾽, ὡς Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1370; ἐ. αὐτὸν οἷς ψωμίζεται Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 715, etc.
__II.3. rarely, know a person, Ἀρίγνωτον γὰρ οὐδεὶς ὅστις οὐκ ἐ. Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1278, compare Musonius Philosophus “fragment” 3p.12H., Lucianus Sophista “Asin.” 1 ; τὸν Ἰησοῦν γινώσκω καὶ τὸν Παῦλον ἐ. NT.Act.19.15 ; but ὁ παῖς τοὺς τεκόντας οὐκ ἐ. does not know who they are, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 51.
__III. with participle, in Prose and Trag., know that one is, has, etc., εὖ ἐ. αὐτὸς σχήσων Herodotus Historicus 5.42; ἐσθλὸς ὢν ἐπίστασο Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1399, compare Thucydides Historicus 2.44 ; also ὡς ὧδ᾽ ἐχόντων τῶνδ᾽ ἐ. σε χρή Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 281 ; ὡς φανέν γε τοὔπος ὧδ᾽ ἐ. prev. author “OT” 848: with double acc., ἑαυτοὺς Φαυστύλου ἠπιστάμεθα παῖδας (i.e. ὄντας) Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Romulus” 7 : c.accusative et infinitive, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1092, Lysias Orator “Fragmenta” 53.1.
__IV. present participle ἐπιστάμενος, η, ον, frequently as adjective, knowing, understanding, skilful, ἀνδρὸς ἐ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.359; χαλεπὸν ἐ. περ ἐόντι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.80 ; καὶ μάλ᾽ ἐ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.313 ; even of a dancer's feet, θρέξασκον ἐπισταμένοισι πόδεσσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.599: also with gen., φόρμιγγος ἐ. καὶ ἀοιδῆς skilled, versed in them, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.406: and with dat., ἄκοντι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.282: hence,
__IV.2. adverb ἐπιστᾰμένως skilfully, expertly, 7.317, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 87, etc. ; εὖ καὶ ἐ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.265, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.161, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 107; ἐ. πίνειν Theognis Elegiacus 212 ; also in Prose, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.1.3, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 146.7, Vett. Val. 298.2 : c.infinitive, with knowledge how to.., Epicurus Philosophus “De rerum natura - Wien. Stud.” 14.4. (Since ἐφίστημι τὸν νοῦν is used in the sense of ἐπίσταμαι , attend, observe, it is probably that ἐπίσταμαι is merely an old middle form of ἐφίστημι, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 247b11 τῷ γὰρ ἠρεμῆσαι καὶ στῆναι τὴν διάνοιαν ἐπίστασθαι.. λέγομεν, and see at {ἐπίστασις} II.2.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐπιστήμων G1990 "ervaren, knap, kundig"; Grieks νοῦς G3563 "denken (het), denkvermogen, verstand, gevoelens, voornemens, verlangens";

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