G1988 ἐπιστάτης
toezichthouder, opzichter
Taal: Grieks

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epistati̱s̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐπιστάτης, -ου, ό (< ἐφίστημι), [in LXX: IV Ki 25:19, Je 36(29):26 52:25 (פָּקִיד H6496), II Ch 31:12 (נָגִיד H5057), II Mac 5:22, etc. ;] a chief, commander, master: Lk 5:5 8:24, 45 9:33, 49 17:13 (cf. Dalman, Words, 336 ff.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐπιστᾰτ-ης, ου, ὁ,
  (ἐφίσταμαι) one who stands near or by: hence, like{ἱκέτης}, suppliant, οὐ σύ γ᾽ ἂν.. σῷ ἐπιστάτῃ οὐδ᾽ ἅλα δοίης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.455.
__2. in battle-order, one's rear-rank man, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.50, 8.1.10, al.
__2.b. also, even numbers in a λόχος, Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 2.3, Arrianus Historicus “Tactica” 6.6.
__II. one who stands or is mounted upon, ἁρμάτων ἐ., of a charioteer, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 702, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1147 ; ἐλεφάντων ἐ., of the driver, Polybius Historicus 1.40.11.
__II.2. one who is set over, chief, commander, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 816 (815); ὅπλων prev. author “Pers.” 379 ; ποιμνίων ἐ. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 27 ; ἐρετμῶν ἐ. Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1267 ; θύματος ἐ. prev. author “Hec.” 223 ; but ταύρων πυρπνόων ζεύγλῃσι mastering them with.., prev. author “Med.” 478 ; ἐνόπτρων καὶ μύρων, of the Trojans, prev. author “Or.” 1112 ; ἐ. Κολωνοῦ, of a tutelary god, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 889 ; καιρὸς ἀνδράσιν μέγιστος ἔργου παντός ἐστ᾽ ἐ. prev. author “El.” 76 ; also in Prose, ἐ. γενέσθαι τῶν λόγων ἴσους καὶ κοινούς judges, Andocides Orator 4.7 ; ποίας ἐργασίας ἐ.; Answ. ἐ. τοῦ ποιῆσαι δεινὸν λέγειν (where it ={ἐπιστήμων}) Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 312d; πραγμάτων Isocrates Orator 4.121 ; ἐπιστάται ἄθλων stewards of games, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 949a, compare Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 8.4 ; of a pilot, prev. author “Oec.” 21.3 ; supervisor of training, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 412a, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.5.18 (pl.); ἐ. τῶν παίδων “IG” 12(1).43 (from Rhodes) ; τῶν ἐφήβων “Inscription Prien.” 112.73 (1st c.BC): voc. ἐπιστάτα, = “Rabbi, NT.Luke.5.5, al.
__III. president of a board or assembly: at Athens, ἐ. τῶν πρυτάνεων chairman of βουλή and ἐκκλησία in 5th C, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 44.1 , later, keeper of Treasury or Archives, “IG” 3.841, etc. ; ἐ. τῶν προέδρων chairman of βουλή and ἐκκλησία from 4th C Aeschines Orator 3.39, Demosthenes Orator 22.9, etc.; ἐ. ὁ ἐκ τῶν προέδρων “IG” 22.204.31 (4th c.BC); in other Greek states, prev. work12(1).731 (from Rhodes), 12(7).515.116, 125 (from Amorgos), etc.; ἐ. τῶν νομοθετῶν prev. work22.222; τῶν δικα στῶν “LW” 1539 (from Erythrae).
__III.2. overseer, superintendent, in charge of any public building or works, τοῦ νεὼ τοῦ ἐν πόλει, i.e. of the temple of Athena Polias, “IG” 12.372; ἱεροῦ “UPZ” 42.22 (2nd c.BC) ; ἐ. τῶν ἔργων clerk of the works, Demosthenes Orator 18.114, LXX.Exo.1.11 (pl.); τῶν δημοσίων ἔργων Aeschines Orator 3.14; τοῦ ναυτικοῦ prev. work222; τῆς Ἀκαδημείας Hyperides Orator “Dem.fragment” 7; τοῦ Μουσείου “OGI” 104.4 (2nd c.BC)+4th c.BC+; τῶν κοπρώνων Demosthenes Orator 25.49.
__III.3. governor, administrator, τῆς πόλεως “OGI” 254.3 (Babylon, 2nd c.BC),compare “IG” 12(3).320.7 (Thera, 3rd c.BC), “OGI” 479.7 (Dorylaeum, 2nd c.AD) ; κώμης local magistrate, Arch.Papyrus 4.38.
__III.4. ={προστάτης}, Latin patronus, Inscriptiones Graecae 14.1317.
__IV. in Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 437, ={χυτρόπους}, Aristophanes Byzantinus Philosophus cited in 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1827.45; other explanations, prev. passage, compareScholia Ar. same place: τοὐπιστάτου is from ἐπίστατος, ={πυρίστατος}, Anonymus cited in 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1827.56: uncertain meaning in “BpW” 1892.514 ; compare ἐπίστατον.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἵστημι G2476 "doen staan, neerzetten, plaatsen, opstellen (doen)";

Literatuur


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