G2039_ἐργασία
arbeid, werk, bewerking, beroep
Taal: Grieks

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Ambacht, Beroep,

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erga'sia, zn vr van ἐργάτης G02040; TDNT - 2:635,251;


1) arbeid, werk, bewerking 2) geld verdienen, beroep 3) winst door werk verkregen, voordeel 4) moeite, inspanning


Bronnen


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐργασία, -ας, ἡ (< ἔργον), [in LXX for מְלָאכָה H4399, עֲבֹדָה H5656, etc. ;] 1. work, business: Ac 16:16, 19 19:24, 25; δὸς ἐ. (Lat. da operam), Lk 12:58. 2. working, performance: Eph 4:19.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐργᾰσ-ία,
  Ionic dialect -ιη, Cretan dialect ϝεργασία “Leg.Gort.” 8.44, ἡ, (ἐργάτης) work, business, ἐργασίην φεύγουσα “hymnus ad Mercurium” 486 , etc.; opposed to ἀργία, Xenophon Historicus “Mem.” 2.7.7; ἐ. ἀγαθή productive labour, prev\. author “Vect.” 4.29; ἐργασίᾳ ἐγχειρεῖν, of bees, Aristoteles Philosophus “HA” 625b24; ἡ περὶ τὴν θάλατταν ἐ., of seamen, Plato Philosophus “R.” 371b; μὴ γενομένης ἐργασίας if no work was done, Demosthenes Orator 27.20; δὸς ἐργασίαν, with infinitive, Latin da operam ut.., NT.Luke.12.58, compare “OGI” 441.109 (_SC. de Stratonicensibus,_ 1st c.BC): pl., τὰς ἐν ὑπαίθρῳ ἐ. ἐργάζεσθαι Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Oeconomicus” 7.20; ἐ. ἀνελεύθεροι Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1121b33, compare Epicurus Philosophus “fragment” 196 (uncertain).
__2 function, ἥπατος Aretaeus Medicus “περὶ αἰτιῶν καὶ σημείων χρονίων παθῶν” 1.15 .
__II working at, making, manufacture, ἱματίων, ὑποδημάτων, etc., Plato Philosophus “Grg.” 449d, “Tht.” 146d, etc.; ἡ τῆς ἐσθῆτος ἐκ τῶν ἐρίων ἐ. Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Oeconomicus” 7.21 ; making up of a prescription, Hippocrates Medicus “Ulc.” 14: metaph., Πέργαμος ἀμφὶ τεαῖς χερὸς ἐργασίαις ἁλίσκεται Troy is (i.e. is doomed to be) taken in the part wrought by thy hands, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.42; ἐ. ἡδονῆς production of pleasure, Plato Philosophus “Prt.” 353d; ἐ. χρημάτων money-making, Aristoteles Philosophus “EN” 1160a16 (but _administration_ of property, “Leg.Gort.” same place).
__II.2 working of a material, ἡ ἐ. τοῦ σιδήρου Herodotus Historicus 1.68 ; χαλκοῦ, ἐρίων, ξύλων, Plato Philosophus “Chrm.” 173e; τῶν χρυσείων μετάλλων Thucydides Historicus 4.105, compare Hyperides Orator “Eux.” 36; πίττης Theophrastus Philosophus {4-3rd c.BC} “Historia Plantarum” 9.2.6 : most commonly, tillage of the ground, ἐ. γῆς, χώρας, Aristophanes Comicus “Ra.” 1034 (pl.), Isocrates Orator 7.30, etc.; ἐ. κήπων Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Minos” 316b ; ἐ. περὶ τὴν τροφήν preparation (i.e. mastication and digestion) of food, Aristoteles Philosophus “Juv.” 469a3 ; treatment of silphium, Theophrastus Philosophus “HP” 6.3.2
__II.3 generally, trade, business, Xenophon Historicus “Mem.” 3.10.1; ἐπὶ τῆς ἐργασίας ὢν τῆς κατὰ θάλατταν engaged in trade by sea, Demosthenes Orator 33.4; ἡ ἐ. τῆς τραπέζης the banking business, prev\. author 36.6; ἐ. χρυσοχοϊκή, ἀρωματική, “PLond.” 3.906.6 (2nd c.AD), “PFay.” 93.7 (2nd c.AD); βαφεῖς τὴν ἐ. dyers by trade, PTeb. 287.3(2nd c.AD) ; especially of a courtesan's trade, Herodotus Historicus 2.135, Demosthenes Orator 18.129 ; of sexual intercourse, Aristoteles Philosophus “Pr.” 876a39.
__II.3.b ἐὰν ἐργασίαν εὕρῃ ὁ οἰκέτης if a slave brings in earnings, Hyperides Orator “Ath.” 22.
__II.4 practising, exercising, τῶν τεχνῶν Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Gorgias” 450c; Κύπριδος “AP” 5.218 (Paul. Sil.); ἀκαθαρσίας “Epistle to the Ephesians” 4.19 .
__II.5 work of art, production, τετράγωνος ἐ., of the Hermae, Thucydides Historicus 6.27 (non legit Scholia); τῶν τειχῶν αἱ ἐργασίαι the fortification works, prev\. author 7.6.
__II.6 literary execution, ἐ. ποιητική Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ ποιημάτων” 5.11 ; elaboration of a topic, Scholia Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.24.
__II.7 production of a play, Arg. Menander Comicus “Oxy.” 1235.108.
__III guild or company of workmen, ἡ ἐ. τῶν βαφέων Judeich “Altertümer von Hierapolis” 50 ; ἐριοπλυτῶν prev. work 40; ἐ. θρεμματική uncertain meaning, prev. work227.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐργάτης G2040 "werkman, arbeider, loonwerker";

Literatuur


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