G2041 ἔργον
werken, bezigheid
Taal: Grieks

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'ergon, zn o van een primair (maar verouderd) ergo (werken); TDNT - 2:635,251;


1) werk, het werken, bezigheid, handeling 1a) beroep, onderneming 2) het vervaardigde; hoe dan ook: met de hand, door nijverheid, door verstand en inzicht 3) een handeling, daad


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἔργον, -ου, τό (originally Ϝέργον, work), [very freq. in LXX, chiefly for מַעֲשֶׂה H4639, מְלָאכָה H4399, also for עֲבֹדָה H5656, פֹּעַל H6467, etc. ;] 1. work, task, employment: Mk 13:34, Jo 4:34 17:4, Ac 13:2, Phl 1:22 2:30, I Th 5:13, al.; of an enterprise or undertaking (De 15:10, Wi 2:12), Ac 5:38. 2. a deed, action: Tit 1:16, Ja 1:25 . disting. from λόγος, Lk 24:19, Ro 15:18, II Th 2:17, I Jo 3:18; ἐν λόγοις κ. ἔ., Ac 7:22; of acts of God, Jo 9:3, Ac 13:41 (LXX), He 4:10, Re 15:3; of Christ, Mt 11:2; esp. in Jo, e.g. 5:20, 36 7:3 10:38 14:11, 12 15:24; in ethical sense, of human actions (AR, Eph., 190), bad or good, Mt 23:3, Lk 11:48, Jo 3:20, 21 Ja 2:14ff. 3:13, Re 2:5 3:8; τὸ ἔ., collectively, Ga 6:4, Ja 1:4, I Pe 1:17, Re 22:12; τὸ ἔ. τ. νόμου, Ro 2:15; ἔ. ἀγαθόν, Ro 2:7, Col 1:10, II Th 2:17, Tit 1:16, al.; καλόν, Mt 26:10, Mk 14:6; pl. (as freq. in cl.), Mt 5:16, I Ti 5:10, 25, He 10:24; ἔ. πίστεως, I Th 1:3, II Th 1:11; ἔ. πονηρά, Col 1:21, II Jo 11; νέκρα, He 6:1 9:14; ἄκαρπα, Eph 5:11; ἔ. ἀσεβείας, Ju 15; τ. σκότους, Ro 13:12, Eph 5:11; ἔ. νόμου, Ro 3:20, 28 Ga 2:16 3:2, 5, 10. 3. that which is wrought or made, a work: I Co 3:13-15; τ. χειρῶν, Ac 7:41; of the works of God, He 1:10; γῆ κ. τὰ ἐν αὐτῇ ἔ., II Pe 3:10; τὸ ἔ. τ. θεοῦ, Ro 14:20.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἔργον,
  Doric dialect ϝέργον “IG” 4.800 (6th c.BC) , Elean ϝάργον “SIG” 9 (6th c.BC), τό: (ἔρδω, O Euripides Tragicus weorc (neuter) 'work', Avest. var schwaza-):— work, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.436, etc.; ἔ. οὐδὲν ὄνειδος, ἀεργίη δέ τ᾽ ὄνειδος {8-7th c.BC}: Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 311; πλεόνων δέ τε ἔ. ἄμεινον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.412; ἔ. ἐποίχεσθαι 6.492; νῦν ἔπλετο ἔ. ἅπασι 12.271 ; especially in plural, ἄλλος ἄλλοισιν..ἐπιτέρπεται ἔργοις Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.228; ἐπὶ ἔργα τράποντο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.422; ἔργων παύσασθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.683 ; τὰ σ᾽ αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε see to thine own tasks, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.490: especially in the following relations,
__1 in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” mostly of works or deeds of war, πολεμήϊα ἔ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.338, al., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.116; ἔργον μάχης Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.522; alone, ἀτελευτήτῳ ἐπὶ ἔργῳ 4.175, compare 539; ὑπέσχετο δὲ μέγα ἔργον 13.366; ἐπ᾽ αὐτῷ δ᾽ ἔργον ἐτύχθη ἀργαλέον 4.470; later, ἔργον.. Ἄρης κρινεῖ Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Septem contra Thebas” 414 ; ἐν τῷ ἔ. during the action, Thucydides Historicus 2.89, compare 7.71; τὸ ἐν Πλαταιαῖς ἔ. Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Menexenus” 241c; τῶν πρότερον ἔ. μέγιστον ἐπράχθη τὸ Μηδικόν Thucydides Historicus 1.23 ; ἔργου ἔχεσθαι to engage in battle, prev. work 49.
__2 of peaceful contests, κρατεῖν ἔ. Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.85; ἔργου ἔχεσθαι prev\. author “P.” 4.233 ; also ἔργα θῆκε κάλλιστ᾽ ἀμφὶ κόμαις placed the reward of noble deeds about his hair, prev\. author “O.” 13.38.
__3 of works of industry,
__3.a of tillage, tilled lands, ἀνδρῶν πίονα ἔ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.283, etc.; ἔργ᾽ ἀνθρώπων 16.392, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.259; βροτῶν 10.147 ; οὔτε βοῶν οὔτ᾽ ἀνδρῶν φαίνετο ἔργα prev. work 98; ἔργα alone, 16.140, etc.; Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι —the title of Hesiod's work; πατρώϊα ἔ. their father's lands, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.22; οὔτ᾽ ἐπὶ ἔργα..ἴμεν will neither go to our farms, prev. work 127, compare 252; Ἰθάκης..ἔργα the tilled lands of Ithaca, 14.344; ἀμφὶ.. Τιταρησσὸν ἔργ᾽ ἐνέμοντο inhabited lands, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.751; τὰ τῶν Μυσῶν ἔ. Herodotus Historicus 1.36; so later, “PBaden” 40.5 (2nd c.AD) : generally, property, wealth, possessions, θεὸς δ᾽ ἐπὶ ἔργον ἀέξῃ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.65, compare 15.372.
__3.b of women's work, weaving, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.390, etc.; ἀμύμονα ἔ. ἰδυίας prev. work 128; ἔργα ἐργάζεσθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.422, 20.72 .
__3.c of other occupations, θαλάσσια ἔ. fishing, 5.67; a seaman's life, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.614: periphrastic, δαιτὸς..ἔργα works of feasting, 9.228; φιλοτήσια ἔ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.246; ἔργα γάμοιο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.429; ἔργα Κυπρογενοῦς Solon Lyricus 26; Ἀφροδίτης “hymnus ad Venerem” 1; also τέκνων ἐς ἔ. Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Agamemnon” 1207 : absolutely, ἔργον Lucianus Sophista “DDeor.” 17.1, “AP” 12.209 (pl., Strato Epigrammaticus, assuming variant); also ἔργα ἰσχύος καὶ τάχους Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.2.12 ; φίλα ἔργα μελίσσαις, of flowers, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.42 ; of mines, etc., ἔ. ἀργυρεῖα Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “de Vectigalibus” 4.5, Demosthenes Orator 21.167, etc.; ἔργα πίσσια uncertain reading in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Cat.Ma.” 21.
__4 deed, action, ἔργ᾽ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.338; θέσκελα ἔ. Τρώων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.130; ἀήσυλα ἔ. 5.876 ; καρτερά, ἀεικέα ἔ., prev. work 872, 22.395; παλίντιτα, ἄντιτα ἔ., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.379, 17.51; ἔργα ἀποδέκνυσθαι Herodotus Historicus 1.16, compare Plato Philosophus “Alc.” 1.119e, Dio Cassius Historicus 37.52; opposed to ἔπος, deed, not word (see. ἔπος 11.1); opposed to μῦθος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.443, 19.242, Aeschylus Tragicus “Pr.” 1080 (anap.), etc.; opposed to λόγος, Sophocles Tragicus “El.” 358, Euripides Tragicus “Alc.” 339; ἔργῳ, opposed to λόγῳ, frequently in Attic., etc., Thucydides Historicus 2.65, etc.: so in pl., λόγῳ μὲν..τοῖσι δ᾽ ἔργοισιν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 782, compare Euripides Tragicus “fragment” 360.13; λόγοισιν εἴτ᾽ ἔργοισιν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 517 ; opposed to ῥήματα, prev\. author “OC” 873; opposed to ὄνομα, Euripides Tragicus “IA” 128 (anap.), Thucydides Historicus 8.78, 89; in many phrases, πέπρακται τοὔργον Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Prometheus Vinctus” 75, compare “Ag.” 1346; χωρῶ πρὸς ἔργον Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 116 ; τὸ μὲν ἐνθύμημα χαρίεν.., τὸ δὲ ἔ. ἀδύνατον its execution, Xenophon Historicus “An.” 3.5.12; ἐν ἔργῳ χέρνιβες ξίφος τε ready for action, Euripides Tragicus “IT” 1190; ἡ κατάρα ὑπὸ τοῦ δαίμονος εἰς ἔ. ἤγετο Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 7.228b .
__II thing, matter, πᾶν ἔ...ὑπείξομαι in every point, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.294; ἃ Ζεὺς μήδετο ἔ. 2.38, etc.; πάρος τάδε ἔ. γενέσθαι 6.348, etc.; ὅπως ἔσται τάδε ἔ. 2.252, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.78, etc.; μέμνημαι τόδε ἔ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.527; ἄκουε τοὔργον Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1157, compare “OT” 847, “Aj.” 466 ; in bad sense, mischief, trouble, of disease, αἰτίη τοῦ ἔ. Aretaeus Medicus “περὶ αἰτιῶν καὶ σημείων ὀξέων παθῶν” 1.9 ; μέγα ἔ. a serious matter, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.663, Thucydides Historicus 3.3.
__II.2 μέγα ἔ., like{μέγα χρῆμα}, χερμάδιον λάβε χειρὶ Τυδεΐδης, μέγα ἔ. a monstrous thing, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.303, compare 20.286; φυλόπιδος μέγα ἔ. a mighty call to arms, 16.208.
__III passive, that which is wrought or made, work, οἷ᾽ ἐπιεικὲς ἔργ᾽ ἔμεν ἀθανάτων, of the arms of Achilles, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.22; ἔ. Ἡφαίστοιο metal-work, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.617; πέπλοι.., ἔργα γυναικῶν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.289, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.97, compare 10.223; ὕφασμα, σῆς ἔ. χερός Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Choephori” 231; κολεόν..λώτινον ἔ. Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 24.45 ; of a wall, Aristophanes Comicus “Av.” 1125 ; of a statue, Xenophon Historicus “Mem.” 3.10.7: in pl. , of siege-works, ἔ. καὶ μηχαναί Polybius Historicus 5.3.6 ; of a machine, Apollodorus Damascenus Mechanicus “Poliorc.” 157.4, al., Athenaeus Mechanicus 15.2 , al.; of public buildings, Mon.Anc.Gr. 18.20 ; of an author's works, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 25; τὸ περὶ ψυχῆς ἔργον Ἀριστοτέλους “AP” 11.354.8 (Agathias Historicus et Epigrammaticus).
__III.2 result of work, profit or interest, ἔργον χρημάτων interest or profit on money, Isaeus Orator 11.42, compare Demosthenes Orator 27.10.
__IV special phrases:
__IV.1 ἔργον ἐστί,
__IV.1.a with genitive person, it is his business, his proper work, ἀνδρῶν τόδ᾽ ἐστὶν ἔ. Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Choephori” 673; ὅπερ ἐστὶν ἔ. ἀγαθοῦ πολίτου Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Gorgias” 517c ; of things, φραδέος νόου ἔργα τέτυκται it is a matter (which calls) for a wary mind, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.354 ; function, ἅπερ νεῶν ἄμεινον πλεουσῶν ἔργα ἐστίν Thucydides Historicus 2.89; οὐ θερμότητος ἔργον ψύχειν Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica” 335d ; τοῦτο ἑκάστου ἔ. ὃ ἂν ἢ μόνον τι ἢ κάλλιστα τῶν ἄλλων ἀπεργάζηται prev. work 353a; ἔργα τοῦ ἐγκεφάλου _functions,_ Galenus Medicus 16.518 : with dative person, οἷς τοῦτο ἔ. ἦν Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.36, compare 6.3.27: with the possessive Pron., σὸν ἔ. ἐστί with infinitive, Aeschylus Tragicus “Pr.” 635; ἐμὸν τόδ᾽ ἔ. κρῖναι prev\. author “Eu.” 734; σὸν ἔ., θῦε θεοῖς Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Aves” 862; ὑμέτερον ἐντεῦθεν ἔ. prev\. author “Pax” 426 : with Article, νῦν ἡμέτερον τὸ ἔ. Herodotus Historicus 5.1 .
__IV.1.b with genitive of things, there is need of.., τί δῆτα τόξων ἔ.; Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 39; πολλῆς φυλακῆς ἔ. ἐστί Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica” 537d : especially with negative, οὐδὲν..ὀδόντων ἔ. ἐστ᾽ Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Pax” 1310; οὐ δόλου νῦν ἔ. prev\. author “Pl.” 1158, compare Euripides Tragicus “Hipp.” 911: with dat. pers., ἐπέδρης μὴ εἶναι ἔ. τῇ στρατιῇ Herodotus Historicus 1.17 : with Article, οὐκ ἂν μακρῶν λόγων ἡμῖν τόδ᾽ εἴη τοὔργον Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1373 : with a participle added, οὐδὲν ἦν ἔ. αὐτοῦ κατατείνοντος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Publicola” 13 : also with infinitive, οὐδὲν ἔ. ἑστάναι there is no use in standing still, Aristophanes Comicus “Lys.” 424, compare “Av.” 1308; οὐδὲν ἔ. ταῦτα θρηνεῖσθαι Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 852, compare 12.
__IV.1.c with infinitive, it is hard work, difficult to do, πολὺ ἔ. ἂν εἴη διεξελθεῖν Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Memorabilia” 4.6.1; πολὺ ἔ. ἦν τῷ νομοθέτῃ πάντα γράφειν Lysias Orator 10.7; ἔ. ἐστὶν εἰ ἐροῦμεν Demosthenes Orator 24.51; ἔ. εὑρεῖν πρόφασιν Menander Comicus {4-3rd c.BC} 76; also μέγα ἔ. ταῖς..ἐπιθυμίαις καλῶς χρῆσθαι Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Symposium” 187e; χαλεπὸν ἔ. διαιρεῖν Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Ranae” 1100 (Lyric poetry): also in genitive, πλείονος ἔ. ἐστὶ..μαθεῖν Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Euthyphro” 14b : rarely with a participle, οὐδὲν ἔ. μαχομένῳ Philippides Comicus {4-3rd c.BC} 15.3 ; ἔ. ἐστί with accusative et infinitive, it can scarcely happen that.., ἔ. ἅμα πάντας ὀργισθῆναι καὶ ἁμαρτεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1286a35 .
__IV.2 ἔργον παρασχεῖν τινί give one trouble, Aristophanes Comicus “Nu.” 523, compare “AP” 9.161 (Marc. argument, punning on Hesiod's Ἔργα); ἔργον ἔχειν take trouble, with participle, Xenophon Historicus “Cyr.” 8.4.6 ; with infinitive, prev\. author “Mem.” 2.10.6.
__IV.3 ἔ. γίγνεσθαι τῆς νόσου to be its victim, Anonymus cited in 1Suidas Legal icographus see at {ἄτολμοι}; κτεινόμενος ὑμέτερον ἔ. εἰμί Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Eumenes” 17; τῆς ὑμετέρας γέγονεν ἔ. ὀλιγωρίας Lucianus Sophista “Dem.Enc.” 29 .
__IV.4 ἔ. ποιεῖσθαί τι to make a matter one's business, attend to it, Plato Philosophus “Phdr.” 232a, Xenophon Historicus “Hier.” 9.10; so ἐν ἔργῳ τίθεσθαι Aelianus {2-3rd c.AD} “Varia Historia” 4.15 .
__V ={ἐργασία} III, τὸ ἔ. βαφέων “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 3498 (from Thyatira).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀγαθοεργέω G14 "goed doen"; Grieks ἀμπελουργός G289 "wijngaardenier"; Grieks ἀργός G692 "zonder werk, vrij"; Grieks γεωργός G1092 "landbouwer, wijngaardenier"; Grieks δημιουργός G1217 "handwerkman, werkman"; Grieks ἐνεργής G1756 "energiek"; Grieks ἐργάζομαι G2038 "werken, bezig zijn, arbeiden"; Grieks ἐργάτης G2040 "werkman, arbeider, loonwerker"; Grieks εὐεργέτης G2110 "weldoener"; Grieks ἱερουργέω G2418 "priester, prediking"; Grieks κακοῦργος G2557 "boosdoener"; Grieks λειτουργός G3011 "ambtenaar, staatsdienaar, bediende"; Grieks πανοῦργος G3835 "bekwaam, knap"; Grieks περίεργος G4021 "bezig met beuzelarijen"; Grieks ῥᾳδιούργημα G4467 "schelmenstreek, boevenstreek, lichtzinnige handeling"; Grieks συνεργός G4904 "medewerkend, helpend"; Grieks συνυπουργέω G4943 "medehelpen";

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