G2078 ἔσχατος
uiterste
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἔσχατος, -η, -ον [in LXX chiefly for אַחֲרִית H319 אַחֲרוֹן H314 ;] last, utmost, extreme; (a) of place: of the lowest or least honoured place, Lk 14:9, 10; τ. ἔσχατον, c. gen. part., Ac 1:8 13:47; (b) of time: Mt 20:12, 14, Mk 12:6, 22, opp. to πρῶτος, Mt 20:8, I Co 15:45, Re 2:19, al.; τὰ ἔ. καὶ τ. πρῶτα, Mt 12:45, Lk 11:26, II Pe 2:20; of the Eternal, ὁ πρῶτος καὶ ὁ ἔ., Re 1:17 2:8 22:13; in phrases relating to the Messianic age and the consummation of the Kingdom of God: ἐπ’ ἐσχάτου (-ων) τ. ἡμερῶν, He 1:2, II Pe 3:3; τ. χρόνων, I Pe 1:20; ἔ. ὥρα, I Jn 2:18; ἐπ’ ἐ. χόνου, Ju 18; ἐν ἐ. ἡμέραις, Ac 2:17, Ja 5:3, II Ti 3:1; neut., ἔσχατον, as adv., Mk 12:22, I Co 15:8; (c) of rank: Mk 9:35, I Co 4:9

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἔσχᾰτος, η, ον,
  also ος, ον Aratus Epicus 625 , farthest, uttermost, extreme, θάλαμος ἔ. the hindmost chamber, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.9; ἔσχατοι ἄλλων at the end of the lines, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.434, compare 8.225 ; ἔσχατοι ἀνδρῶν, of the Aethiopians, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.23; οἰκέομεν..ἔσχατοι 6.205; ἐσχάτη τῶν οἰκεομένων ἡ Ἰνδική Herodotus Historicus 3.106, compare Thucydides Historicus 2.96, etc.; τὸ ἔ. τῆς ἀγορᾶς Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 3.3.5; ὑπ᾽..ἐσχάτην στήλην Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 720 ; τάξις ἐ. the farthest part of the army, prev. author “Aj.” 4: pl., ἔσχατα γαίης Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 731; τὰ ἔ. τῶν στρατοπέδων Thucydides Historicus 4.96; ἐπ᾽ ἔσχατα χθονός Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 956; αἱ ἐπ᾽ ἔσχατα τοῦ ἄστεως οἰκίαι Thucydides Historicus 8.95 ; ἐξ ἐσχάτων ἐς ἔσχατα ἀπικέσθαι from end to end, Herodotus Historicus 7.100, compare Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 1.6; παρ᾽ ἔσχατα λίμνης Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 113b, compare Thucydides Historicus 3.106 :—in various senses, uppermost, ἐ. πυρά Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 900 ; lowest, deepest, ἀΐδας Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 16.52; ἅλς “Anthologia Graeca” 13.27 (Phalaecus Epigrammaticus) ; innermost, σάρκες Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1053 ; last, hindmost, ἤλαυνε δ᾽ ἔ. prev. author “El.” 734 ; ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτῳ at the close of a document, “PTeb.” 68.54 (2nd c.BC), etc.
__I.2 of Degree, uttermost, highest, τὸ ἔ. κορυφοῦται βασιλεῦσι Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.113; ἀνορέαι ἔ. prev. author “I.” 4(3).11; σοφία Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 59.88 ; of misfortunes, sufferings, etc., utmost, last, worst, πόνος, ἀδικία, κίνδυνοι, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 247b, “R.” 361a, “Grg.” 511d; ὀδύναι αἱ ἔ. prev. author “Prt.” 354b ; δῆμος ἔ. extreme democracy, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1296a2.
__I.2.b substantive, τὸ ἔ., τὰ ἔ., the utmost, ἐς τὸ ἔ. κακοῦ ἀπιγμένοι Herodotus Historicus 8.52; τετρῦσθαι ἐς τὸ ἔ. κακοῦ prev. author 1.22; without Art., ἐπ᾽ ἔσχατα βαίνεις Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 217 (Lyric poetry); προβᾶσ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἔσχατον θράσους prev. author “Ant.” 853 (Lyric poetry); ἐπ᾽ ἔ. ἐλθεῖν ἀηδίας Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 240d, compare “R.” 361d, etc.; ὃ πάντων κακῶν ἔσχατόν ἐστι, τοῦτο πάσχει prev. author “Phd.” 83c; οἱ τὰ ἔ. πεποιηκότες Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.8.2 ; ζημιοῦσθαι πᾶσι τοῖς ἐ., Latin extremis suppliciis, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 297e ; ἔσχατ᾽ ἐσχάτων κακά worst of possible evils, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 65, compare Philemo Comicus 178; εἰς τὰ ἔ. ἐληλυθώς “UPZ” 60.12 (2nd c.BC) : comparative οὔτε γὰρ τοῦ ἐσχάτου -ώτερον εἴη ἄν τι Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1055a20: Sup. -ώτατος falsa lectio in Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 2.3.49, compare Phrynichus Atticista 51; τὰ -ώτατα Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ τοῦ καθ᾽ Ὅμηρον ἀγαθοῦ βασιλέως” p.320.
__I.3 of Persons, lowest, meanest, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 8.18, Dio Cassius Historicus 42.5, Alciphro Epistolographus 3.43: proverbial, οὐδείς, οὐδ᾽ ὁ Μυσῶν ἔ., i.e. the meanest of mankind, Magnes 5, compare Philemo Comicus 77; in Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 209b it seems to mean the remotest of mankind, compare πρὸς ἐσχάτην Μυσῶν variant in “App.Prov.” 2.85 (παρὰ τοῖς ἐ. τῆς Μυσίας 1Apostolius Paroemiographus 8.1); similarly οὐδὲ τὸν ἔσχατον Καρῶν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.871b.
__I.4 of Time, last, ἐς τὸ ἔ. to the end, Herodotus Historicus 7.107, Thucydides Historicus 3.46 ; ἔ. πλόος, ναυτιλίαι, the end of it, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 10.28, “N.” 3.22 ; ἐσχάτας ὑπὲρ ῥίζας over the last scion of the race, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 599 (Lyric poetry) ; ἔ. Ἑλλήνων, Ῥωμαίων, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Philopoemen” 1, “Brut.” 44: neut. ἔσχατον, as adverb, for the last time, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1550 ; finally, best of all, NT.1Cor.15.8 ; at the latest, ἔ. ἐν τρισὶ μησίν “SIG” 1219.11 (Gambreion, 3rd c.BC),compare “Inscription Prien.” 4.45 (4th c.BC) ; εἰς τὴν ἐσχάτην at the last, LXX.Eccl.1.11 ; ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτῳ LXX.2Ki.24.25, al.: substantive ἐσχάτη, ἡ, end, οὐχ ἕξεις ἐ. καλήν Astrampsychus Onirocriticus “Oracula” 21.4, compare 40.3.
__I.5 in the Logic of Aristoteles Philosophus, τὰ ἔ. are the last or lowest species, “Metaph.” 1059b26, or individuals, prev. work998b16,compare “Anthologia Graeca” 0.96b12, al.; τὸ ἔ. ἄτομον “Metaph.” 1058b10.
__I.5.b ὁ ἔ. ὅρος the minor term of a syllogism, “EN” 1147b14.
__I.5.c last step in geometrical analysis or ultimate condition of action, τὸ ἔ. ἀρχὴ τῆς πράξεως “de An.” 433a16.
__II adverb -τως to the uttermost, exceedingly, πῦρ ἐ. καίει Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τέχνης” 8; ἐ. διαμάχεσθαι Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 613a11; ἐ. φιλοπόλεμος Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.6.1; φοβοῦμαί σ᾽ ἐ. Menander Comicus 912, compare Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.31U.
__II.b -τως διακεῖσθαι to be at the last extremity, Polybius Historicus 1.24.2, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 18.48; ἔχειν NT.Mark.5.23; ἀπορεῖν Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ οἰκονομίας” p.72J.
__II.2 so ἐς τὸ ἔ.,=ἐσχάτως, Herodotus Historicus 7.229; εἰς τὰ ἔ. Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.4.33; εἰς τὰ ἔ. μάλα prev. author “Lac.” 1.2; τὸ ἔ. finally, in the end, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 473c ; but, τὸ ἔ. what is worst of all, prev. work 508d.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐσχάτως G2079 "uiterste"; Grieks ἔχω G2192 "hebben, behouden, houden";

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