G2087 ἕτερος
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἕτερος, -α, -ον, [in LXX chiefly for אַחֵר H312 ;] distributive pron., prop. dual (Bl., §13, 5; 51, 6), denoting the second of a pair, but in late Gk. encroaching on ἄλλος (M, Pr. 1. of number, other; c. art., the other (a) of two, Lk 5:7 9:56, al.; opp. to ὁ πρῶτος, Mt 21:30; ὁ εἷς, Mt 6:24, Lk 7:41, Ac 23:6, al.; ἕ. μὲν . . . ἕ. δέ, the one . . . the other: I Co 15:40; the next: Lk 6:6 9:56 (sc. ἡμέρα, Xen.), Ac 20:15 27:3; = ὁ πλησίον, one's neighbour: Ro 2:1 13:8, I Co 6:1, al.; (b) of more than two, another: Mt 8:21 11:3, Lk 6:6 22:65, Jo 19:37, Ro 8:39, al.; pl., Ac 2:13; οἱ μὲν . . . ἄλλοι δὲ . . . ἕ. δέ, Mt 16:14; τινὲς . . . ἕ. δέ, Lk 11:16. 2. Of kind or quality, other, another, different (Plat., Dem., al.): Mk 16:[12], Lk 9:29, Ac 2:4, I Co 14:21, II Co 11:4, Ga 1:6, al. (cf. ἑτερό-γλωσσος, -διδασκαλέω, -ζυγέω).

SYN.: ἄλλος, q.v. (v. reff. ut supr., also Robertson, Gr., 748 ff.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἕτερος, α, ον,
  only Attic dialect-Ionic dialect with ἕ-, Doric dialect ἅτερος ᾰ “IG” 4.914.9 (Epid.), etc. (and Attic. in crasis, see.below) , Aeolic dialect ἄτερος Alcaeus Lyricus 41.5, etc. :— but ἅτερος ᾱ, Attic dialect crasis for ὁ ἅτερος, “Comica Adespota” 14.23 Demosthenes Orator, al. , Ionic dialect οὕτερος (from ὁ ἕτ-) Herodotus Historicus 1.34, etc. , Doric dialect ὥτερος Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.36 ; neuter θάτερον Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 344, Andocides Orator 2.7, etc. , Ionic dialect τοὔτερον Herodotus Historicus 1.32: pl. ἅτεροι, for οἱ ἅτεροι, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1255a20; θάτερα Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 345, Thucydides Historicus 1.87, etc.; gen. θατέρου Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 597, etc. , Ionic dialect τοὐτέρου 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 7.113 , Doric dialect θατέρω Timaeus Locrus Philosophus 94a, θωτέρω Epicharmus Comicus 71 (uncertain reading); dat. θατέρῳ Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 778; fem. nom. ἡτέρα “IG” 22.1498.76, 1615.14,87 (4th c.BC), Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 497, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 85, 90 codices, Pausanias Grammaticus “fragment” 82; dat. θητέρᾳ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 782, “Tr.” 272, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 894, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1365, etc., compare Pausanias Grammaticus prev. cited (in Mss. sometimes θατέρᾳ) , Ionic dialect τἠτέρῃ Phoenix Iambographus 5.2. —Later masc. and fem. θάτερος, θατέρα, even with the Article, Menander Comicus 846, Chrysipp. cited in Pausanias Grammaticus “fragment” 82, Lycophron Tragicus 590, Polemo Sophista “Cynegirus” 4, Lucianus Sophista “D Mort.” 26.1 (condemned in “Pseudol.” 29), “Geoponica” 14.20.2, etc.; τῶν θατέρων Iamblichus Philosophus “in Nicomachi arithmeticam introductionem” p.83 P. ; θάτερον accusative singular masculine, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 849.
__I one or the other of two, usually with Article except in Poets; frequently of natural pairs, σκαιῇ (i.e. χειρὶ) ἔγχος ἔχων, ἑτέρηφι δὲ λάζετο πέτρον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.734 ; τῇ ἑτέρῃ μὲν.. τῇ δ᾽ ἑτέρῃ .. 14.272, compare Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 10.11 ; χειρὶ ἑτέρῃ with one hand, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.452, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.171 (but χεὶρ ἑτέρη commonly of the left hand, see infr. IV.I); ἑτέροιο διὰ κροτάφοιο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.502; χωλὸς δ᾽ ἕτερον πόδα 2.217, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 162, Dinarchus Orator 1.82; ἀμφότεραι αἱ γνάθοι, ἢ ἡ ἑτέρα Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 1.9; ἐκκοπεὶς τὸν ἕ. τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν Dionysius Halicarnassensis 5.23; εἰς γόνυ θάτερον Philostratus Sophista “Philostrati majoris imagines” 2.20 ; of pairs in general, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.258, etc. ; τὴν ἑ. πύλην one of the two gates, Herodotus Historicus 3.156; ὁ ἕ. τῶν στρατηγῶν Thucydides Historicus 4.43; τὸ ἕ. τοῖν δυοῖν τειχοῖν prev. author 7.24 : frequently of alternatives presented, τῶνδε τὰ ἕ. ποιέειν Herodotus Historicus 4.126 ; ἑλοῦ γε θάτερ᾽, ἢ.. ἢ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 345 ; τοῖνδ᾽ ἑλοῦ δυοῖν πότμοιν τὸν ἕ. Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 952; δυοῖν ἀγαθοῖν τοῦ ἑτέρου τεύξεσθαι Thucydides Historicus 4.28 ; δυοῖν θάτερα, ἢ.. ἢ.. Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 187c; ὅταν δυοῖν καλοῖν θάτερον κάλλιον ᾖ, ἢ τῷ ἑτέρῳ τούτοιν ἢ ἀμφοτέροις ὑπερβάλλον κάλλιόν ἐστιν prev. author “Grg.” 475a : in plural, one of two parties or sets, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.258 ; τῶν ἕτεροί γε παῖδα κλαύσονται one set of parents, either mine or thine, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.210; δώῃ δ᾽ ἑτέροισί γε νίκην 7.292; ἑτέροισι δὲ κῦδος ἔδωκαν 13.303: frequently with neg., οὐδ᾽ ἕτεροι 11.71.
__I.2 in double clauses ἕτερος (in Prose always ὁ ἕτερος) is generally repeated; ἑ. μὲν δουρὶ.., τῷ δ᾽ ἑ. 21.164 ; τὸν ἕ., ἕ. δὲ.. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.266; ἕ. λευκόν, ἑτέρην δὲ μέλαιναν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.103, etc.: but sometimes omitted in one clause, ἕτερος μὲν κακῶν, ἕ. δὲ ἐάων 24.528, compare 7.420, “IG” 22.1388.46 (probably), etc.; ἡ μὲν.., ἡ δ᾽ ἑτέρη Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.149, “IG” 12.76.50 ; ἕ..., ὁ δὲ.. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.374; answered by ἄλλος, ἕτερον μὲν κεύθῃ ἐνὶ φρεσίν, ἄλλο δὲ εἴπῃ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.313, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.123 ; reversely ἄλλῳ ὀρχηστύν, ἑτέρῳ κίθαριν ἔδωκε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.731, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 439b, “Tht.” 184e ; τότε μὲν ἕτερα.., τότε δὲ ἄλλα.. Plato Philosophus Alcaeus1.116e ; ὁ ἕτερος.., ὁ λοιπός.. Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.1.23 ; ἕτερα.., τὰ δὲ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1454 (Lyric poetry); later μίαν μὲν.. ἑτέραν δέ Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 172.5; τὴν μίαν.. τὴν δ᾽ ἑτέρην “Anthologia Graeca” 9.680.
__I.3 repeated in the same clause, ἐξ ἑτέρων ἕτερ᾽ ἐστίν one building follows on another, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.266 ; ἀ δ᾽ ἀτέρα τὰν ἀτέραν κύλιξ ὠθήτω let one cup push on the other, Alcaeus Lyricus 41.5 ; ἢ θάτερον δεῖ δυστυχεῖν ἢ θάτερον one party or the other, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 849; ἕτεροι ἑτέρων ἠξίωσαν ἄρχειν Thucydides Historicus 2.64 ; ἕτερος ἀφ᾽ ἑτέρου θεραπείας ἀναπιμπλάμενοι ἔθνῃσκον prev. work 51; εἴ τίς τι ἕτερος ἑτέρου προφέρει prev. author 7.64; ξυμμειγνυμένων ἑτέρων ἑτέροις Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 701 ; συμφορὰ ἑτέρα ἑτέρους πιέζει one calamity oppresses one, another others, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 893 (Lyric poetry); ἑτέρᾳ δ᾽ ἕτερος ἕτερον ὄλβῳ καὶ δυνάμει παρῆλθεν prev. author “Ba.” 905, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 231 (anap.); ἄλλη δ᾽ εἰς ἑτέρην ὀλυφύρετο Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 1.250.
__I.4 ={δεύτερος}, second, ἡ μὲν.., ἡ δ᾽ ἑτέρη.., ἡ δὲ τρίτη.. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.352f, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.179, al., Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.3.22 ; ἡ ἑ. πρότασις the minor premiss, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1143b3: without Art., ἕ. τέρας Herodotus Historicus 7.57 ; προσαγορεύεις αὐτὰ ἑτέρῳ ὀνόματι you call them further by a new name, Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 13a; cf. IV. 1b.
__I.4.b with Pronouns of quantity, ordinals, etc., τόσσοι δ᾽ αὖθ᾽ ἕτεροι ποταμοί as many more, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 367 ; ἕτερον τοσοῦτον as much again, Herodotus Historicus 2.149 ; ἑτέρου τοσούτου χρόνου for as long again, Isocrates Orator 4.153 ; ἕ. τοιαῦτα other things of like kind, Herodotus Historicus 1.120, 191; ἑτέρων τοιῶνδε (i.e. ἀνθρώπων) ἄρχεις prev. work 207 ; τῷ αὐτῷ τρόπῳ.. τῷ ἑτέρῳ in the same way over again, prev. author 2.127; ἄλλα τε τοιαῦθ᾽ ἕτερα μυρία Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 333.4 ; χιλίας ἑτέρας δραχμάς Demosthenes Orator 58.6 ; δεύτερον, τρίτον ἕ. δικαστήριον, prev. author 23.71,74 ; ἕ. ἐγώ, of a friend, Pythagoras Philosophus cited in Iamblichus Philosophus “in Nicomachi arithmeticam introductionem” p.35 P. ; ἕτεροι αὐτοί second selves, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1161b28; εὕρηκε τὸν ἕ., τὸν σέ Menander Comicus 474.
__II without Article, another, of many, with a sense of difference, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.306, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.123, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 422, “Lys.” 66, etc.; ἕ.αὖ τις prev. author “Eq.” 949; ἕ. αὖ prev. author “Pax” 295, etc.; ἕτερα ἄττα Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 188b; repeated ἑτέραν χἀτέραν τρικυμίαν Menander Comicus 536.8: with neg., οἷα οὐχ ἕτερα ἐγένετο such as none like them had happened, Thucydides Historicus 1.23; ναυμαχία.. οἵα οὐχ ἑτέρα τῶν προτέρων prev. author 7.70; οὐδεμιᾶς ἥσσων μᾶλλον ἑτέρας prev. work 29 (assuming variant) ; οὐχ ἕτερον ἀλλά.. none other than, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.671b, compare “UPZ” 71.9 (2nd c.BC).
__II.b οἱ ἕ. the rest, Herodotus Historicus 4.169.
__II.c ὁ ἑ. 'one's neighbour', ἀγαπᾶν τὸν ἕ. NT.Rom.13.6, cf. NT.Gal.6.4.
__III of another kind, different, ἕ. δέ με θυμὸς ἔρυκεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.302 ; τὸ μὲν ἕ., τὸ δὲ ἕ., i.e. they are different, Plato Philosophus “Meno” 97d, compare “R.” 346a; ἕ. τε καὶ ἀνόμοιον prev. author “Smp.” 186b; τὸ δὲ ταὐτὸν ἕ. ἀποφαίνειν καὶ τὸ θάτερον ταὐτόν prev. author “Sph.” 259d; ἕ. ἤδη ἦν καὶ οὐχ ὁ αὐτός Demosthenes Orator 34.12; ἑτέραν ἔδωκεν παντὶ τῷ κόσμῳ ὄψιν “OGI” 458.7 (1st c.BC) ; ἕ. εὐαγγέλιον NT.Gal.1.6: coupled with ἄλλος, χἀτέρους ἄλλους πόνους and other different toils, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 573 (assuming variant), compare “Or.” 345 (uncertain reading); Ῥόδον καὶ ἄλλας ἑτέρας πόλεις Demosthenes Orator 15.27; ἕτερον τό τ᾽ ἀλγεῖν καὶ θεωρεῖν ἐστ᾽ ἴσως Philemo Comicus 75.7; ἕτερα φρονῶν καὶ δημηγορῶν Dinarchus Orator 1.17 : c.genitive, other than, different from, φίλους.. ἑτέρους τῶν νῦν ὄντων Thucydides Historicus 1.28, compare Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 333a, Demosthenes Orator 10.44, etc. ; ἕτερον, ἕτερα ἢ.., Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 345, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.6.2; παρὰ ταῦτα πάντα ἕτερόν τι Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 74a; ἕτερα πολιτείας εἴδη παρὰ μοναρχίαν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1294a25, compare 1286b21.
__III.2 other than should be, euphemistic for κακός, παθεῖν μὲν εὖ, παθεῖν δὲ θάτερα Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 503; ἀγάθ᾽ ἢ θάτερα, ἵνα μηδὲν εἴπω φλαῦρον Demosthenes Orator 22.12: abs., δαίμων ἕ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.34 ; λέκτρα, συμφοραί, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 639 (Lyric poetry), “HF” 1238; ἐὰν τὰ ἕ. ψηφίσωνται οἱ δικασταί Demosthenes Orator 48.30 ; πλέον θάτερον ἐποίησαν did more harm (than good), Isocrates Orator 19.25, compare Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 114e, “Euthd.” 280e, Aristides Rhetor 2.117 Josephus Historicus
__IV Special Phrases:
__IV.1 elliptical, mostly in dative feminine,
__IV.1.a τῇ ἑτέρᾳ (i.e. χειρί), Epic dialect ἑτέρῃ or ἑτέρηφι, with one hand (see. entry near the start); with the left hand, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.441, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.80, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 24.45: hence proverbial, οὐ τῇ ἑτέρᾳ ληπτός not to be caught with one hand, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 226a; ἐκ δ᾽ ἑτέρης Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 1.1115, “Anthologia Graeca” 9.650 (Leontius Epigrammaticus).
__IV.1.b θατέρᾳ (i.e. ἡμέρᾳ) on the morrow, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 782, Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 449; τῆς ἑτέρας Plato Philosophus “Crito” 44a ; but τῇ ἑτέρᾳ on the following (i.e. the third) day, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.6.10.
__IV.1.c (i.e. ὁδῷ) in another or a different way, καὶ τῇδε φῦναι χἀτέρᾳ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1444 ; another way, τρέπεσθαι Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 812; ἑτέρᾳ πῃ prev. author “Eq.” 35 ; τότ᾽ ἄλλοσ᾽.., θατέρᾳ δὲ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 272 ; θατέρᾳ.., θατέρᾳ.. in one way.., in the other.., Heniochus Comicus 5.16; ἑτέρηφι Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 216: acc. ἑτέραν ἐκτρέπεσθαι Lucianus Sophista “Tim.” 5.
__IV.2 adverbial with Preps.:
__IV.2.a ἐπὶ θάτερα to the one or the other side, one or the other way, ἐπὶ μὲν θάτερα.., ἐπὶ θ. δὲ.. Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 7 ; τότε μὲν ἐπὶ θάτερα, τότε δ᾽ ἐπὶ θ. Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 259c: also with another Prep., ἐς τὰ ἐπὶ θάτερα to or on the other side, Thucydides Historicus 1.87 ; ἐκ τοῦ ἐπὶ θάτερα from the other side, prev. author 7.37 ; ἐκ μὲν τοῦ ἐπὶ θ., ἐκ δὲ τοῦ ἐπὶ θ. Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 314e: with gen., ἐς τὰ ἐπὶ θ. τοῦ ποταμοῦ Thucydides Historicus 7.84; εἰς τἀπὶ θ. τῆς πόλεως Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.2.7; τὸ ἐπὶ θάτερον τῆς ῥινός Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 35.
__IV.2.b κατὰ θάτερα on the one or other side, κατὰ θ. ἀστός Demosthenes Orator 57.30; ψόφου κατὰ θ. προσπεσόντος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Brutus” 51, etc. ; but καθ᾽ ἕτερα at other points, Thucydides Historicus 7.42.
__V adverb ἑτέρως in one or the other way, opposed to ἀμφοτέρως, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 181e ; ἑ. τε καὶ ἑ., ={ἀμφοτέρως}, prev. author “Phdr.” 235a ; τοῦ σκέλους ἑ. ἔχειν, ={ἑτεροσκελὴς εἶναι}, Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 3.39.
__V.2 differently, rarely in Poetry, οὐχ ἑ. τις ἐρεῖ Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus “Epigrammata” 10.3 ; ἑ. ἔχειν to be different, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 371: frequently in Prose, ὡς ἑ . in the other way (compare ὡς), ἢν ἡ ἑτέρη γνάθος ἐκστῇ ὡς ἑ. χρὴ τὴν ἐπίδεσιν ἄγειν Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 34, compare Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 266a, etc. ; ἐάν τε καλῶς, ἐάν θ᾽ ὡς ἑ. Demosthenes Orator 18.85, compare 212 : with genitive, differently from, ἑ. πως τῶν εἰωθότων Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 295d ; ἑ. ἤπερ.. Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 12.28.
__V.3 otherwise than should be, badly, wrongly, once in Homerus Epicus, ἑ. ἐβόλοντο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.234; εἰ καὶ ἑ. τοῦτο ἀπέβη “SIG” 851.10 (Marc.Aur.); εἴ τι ἑ. φρονεῖτε NT.Phil.3.15.

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