G2209_ζημία
schade, nadeel, verlies
Taal: Grieks

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zi̱mia,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ζημία, -ας, ἡ, [in LXX for ענשׁ H6064 ni. and cognate forms;] damage, loss: Ac 27:10, 21, Phl 3:8; opp. to κέρδος, Phl 3:7.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ζημία,
  Doric dialect ζᾱμία (“SIG” 239 D iii5 (Delph., 4th c.BC) , etc., later σαμία “Delph.” 3(1).342 (2nd c.BC), compare ταμία, ἀττάμιος) , ἡ, loss, damage, Epicharmus Comicus 148 ; opposed to κέρδος, Lysias Orator 7.12, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 835b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1132b12 ; ζημίαν or -ίας λαβεῖν to sustain loss, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 807, Demosthenes Orator 11.11; ζ. ποιεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1124; ζ. ἐργάζεσθαι Isaeus Orator 6.20 (unless in signification 1.2); ζ. φέρειντῇ πόλει Plato Philosophus “Lg.” same place; ζ. εἶναι νομίζειν consider as loss, Isocrates Orator 3.50, Isaeus Orator 7.23; ζ. πλείονα ὑπομένειν τῆς τιμῆς “PFlor.” 142.8 (3rd c.AD).
__2 ζ. ἐργάζεσθαι, of a slave, be guilty of a delict, Isaeus Orator 6.20 (see. above), Hyperides Orator “adv. Athenogenem” 22.
__II penalty in money, fine, ζημίην ἀποτίνειν Herodotus Historicus 2.65, compare “PHal.” 1.195 (3rd c.BC) ; ἐκτίνειν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 774e; ἱρὴν ζ. ὀφείλειν Herodotus Historicus 3.52; ζ. καταβάλλειν Demosthenes Orator 24.83, compare “SIG” same place; μετὰ.. χρημάτων ζημίας Plato Philosophus “Leges” 862d; ζ. ἐπέκειτο στατήρ Thucydides Historicus 3.70; ζημίαν ὀφείλειν τάλαντον Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lysander” 27; τῆς ζ. ἀφεθῆναι prev. author “Arist.” 4.
__II.2 generally, penalty, ζ. ἐπιτιθέναι τινί Herodotus Historicus 1.144; ζ. ἔπεστί τινι prev. author 2.136; πρόσκειταί τινι Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 4.21; γλώσσῃ ζ. προστρίβεται Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 331, compare 384 ; with the penalty added, θάνατον ζ. ἐπιθέσθαι, προθεῖναι, τάξαι, to make death the penalty, Thucydides Historicus 2.24, 3.44, Demosthenes Orator 20.135; θάνατος ἡ ζ. ἐπίκειται Herodotus Historicus 2.38, compare 65 ; but ἐφ᾽ οἷς.. θάνατος ἡ ζ. Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 325b: in pl., θανάτου ζημίαι πρόκεινται Thucydides Historicus 3.45 (variant): with gen. criminis, ζ. ἀδικίας penalty for.., Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 176d, compare “Lg.” 860e (pl.).

__b simply, expense, “SIG” 717.81 (2nd-1st c.BC), “PLond.” 5.1660.10, 1674.23 (pl., 6th c.AD).
__III of what is bought too dearly, a bad bargain, a dead loss, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.3.2 : usually with adjective, φανερὰ ζᾱμία Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 737 ; καθαρὰ ζ., λαμπρὰ ζ., Alciphro Epistolographus 3.21, 38, compare Alexander Rhetor 56.6.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks δαμάζω G1150 "temmen, bedwingen"; Grieks ζημιόω G2210 "schaden, benadelen, schade, verlies lijden, nadeel ondervinden";

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