G2229
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Taal: Grieks

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í̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

(μήν),

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

,
  adverb, never in the form ἦε (ἠέ):
__I TO CONFIRM an assertion, in truth, of a surety, ἦ ὀλίγον οἷ παῖδα ἐοικότα γείνατο Τυδεύς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.800, etc.; ironically, 1.229, al. ; with concessive force, it is true that.. : hence, although.. , ἦ καὶ γένει ὕστερος ἦεν 3.215 : frequently strengthened by the addition of one or two other Particles, as ἦ ἄρα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.193; ἦ ἄρα δή Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.446; ἦ ῥα 4.82; ἦ ῥά νυ 6.215; ἦ γάρ 1.78; ἦ γάρ τοι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.199; ἦ δή Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.272; ἦ δή που 21.583; ἦ δῆτα Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 429; ἦ θην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.452; ἦ κάρτα Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1279; ἦ μάλα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.204; ἦ μάλα δή 5.422 ; ἦ μήν and ἦ μέν (see. below); ἦ νυ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.11; ἦ τάχα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.73; ἦ τε 13.211: and to express doubt, ἦ που, see at {ἦ που} and ποῦ: especially ἦ μήν used in oaths and asseverations, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.291, 7.393, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 73, 168, etc.; also ἦ μάν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.370, 13.354, Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 23.5; ἦ μέν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.65 (later εἶ μήν, see at {εἷ}) : with infinitive in indirect speech, after Verbs of swearing, etc., σὺ δὲ σύνθεο, καί μοι ὄμοσσον, ἦ μέν μοι πρόφρων ἔπεσιν καὶ χερσὶν ἀρήξειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.77 ; ἦ μέν also in Ionic dialect historical Prose, Herodotus Historicus 4.154, 5.93, al.; ἐγγυᾶσθαι, ἦ μὴν παραμενεῖν Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 115d ; ἐγγυητὰς καταστῆσαι ἦ μὴν ἐκτείσειν Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 24.39 : with other Particles, ἦ μὲν δή Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.798, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.257, al.; ἦ δὴ μάν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.538.
__I.2 in the combinations ἐπεὶ ἦ, ὅτι ἢ and τί ; Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Conjunctionibus;” 255.5, “Synt.” 307.19 (cf. Hdn.Gr. 1.520), recognizes an 'expletive' ἠ (παραπληρωματικὸς σύνδεσμος) perispomenon after ἐπεί, barytone after ὅτι or τί. It is probably the same as the affirmative ἦ compare (Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “Conj.” same place) , and occurs in the same combinations, ἐπεὶ ἦ πολύ.. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.169, al. ; ἐπεὶ ἦ μάλα prev. work 156, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.465; ἐπεὶ ἦ καί.. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.437, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.442. Trypho Grammaticus took τίη as one word, and this can be supported by τί ἢ δὲ σύ.. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.55, but Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus (“Conj.” same place) infers from the accent of ὅτι ἢ that τί ἢ was two words. The Attic accentuation is said by 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 45 near the start, 118.39, 907.14 to be τιή, ὁτιή(which see).
__I.3 this ἦ (or ἢ) is probably to be recognized in ὥς τε γὰρ ἦ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.289, ὥς τέ τευ ἦ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.348, 19.109, where codices have ἢ (in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.348 ἠδέ (conjecture Bekker) should perhaps be read for ἠέ).
__II in Questions not involving alternatives:
__II.1 Direct questions,
__II.1.a epexegetic of a preceding question, suggesting the answer to it, τίπτ᾽ εἰλήλουθα; ἦ ἵνα ὕβριν ἴδῃ Ἀγαμέμνονο; why hast thou come? is it that thou mayst see.. ? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.203, compare 5.466, 7.26, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.710, 13.418, 17.376, Bacchylides Lyricus 17.5 ; τί δῆτα χρῄζει; ἦ με γῆς ἔξω βαλεῖ; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 622, compare Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1425 (ἤ codices) ; τίς σοι διηγεῖτ; ἦ αὐτὸς Σωκράτη; Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 173a (_perispomenon_, codex B): on the accent, Herodianus Grammaticus Gr. 2.112.
__II.1.b not epexegetic of a preceding question, ἦ σύ γ᾽ Ὀδυσσεύς ἐσσι πολύτροπο; art thou the wily Odysseus? Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.330, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.666, 15.504 ; ἦ οὐκ ὀτρύνοντος ἀκούετε.. Ἕκτορο; do you not hear. .? prev. work 506, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.424 ; ἦ τὸ πλοῖον ἀφῖκτα; Plato Philosophus “Crito” 43c ; ἦ οὐ δοκεῖ καὶ σοὶ οὕτ; don't you think so too? prev. author “Grg.” 479b (_perispomenon_, codex T); ἦ βούλει συλλογισώμεθα αὐτ; shall we work them (the consequences) out? prev. work 479c (_perispomenon_, codex T) ; ἦ τορῶς λέγ; Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 269 ; ἦ κἀν δόμοισι τυγχάνει τανῦν παρώ; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 757: frequently with other Particles, ἦ ἄρ..; Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.166, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.56; mostly ἦ ῥα..; 5.421, 762, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.632 ; also in Trag. (in Lyric poetry), Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 633, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 172, 955 : especially to mark the first of several questions, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 7(6).3 ff.; ἦ ἄρα δή..; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.446; ἦ ῥά νυ..; 4.93; ἦ νυ..; 15.128 ; ἦ ταῦτα δή..; Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 565, “El.” 385 ; ἦ ταῦτα δῆτα..; prev. author “OT” 429 ; ἦ γάρ..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 745, 757, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1000: in Attic. Prose, ἦ γάρ ; standing alone, is it not so? Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 160e, “Grg.” 449d, 468d ; ἦ καί..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1207, 1362: —ἦ usually begins the sentence, except that the vocative may precede, as in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.421, 762, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.632, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 863, 1102, or ἀλλά, as in Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 276, “Ch.” 774: —by Crasis ἦ combines with ἄρα in Attic. and the κοινή to ἆρα (which see), in all other dialects compare (Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Conjunctionibus;” 223.24) to ἦρα (which see), but ἆρα is found in Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.78 (ἄρα codices), al., Archilochus Lyricus 86, 89.
__II.2 Indirect questions, οἴχετο πευσόμενος μετὰ σὸν κλέος ἤ που ἔτ᾽ εἴης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.415 (variant{εἰ} , which alone has Ms. authority in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.83, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.325); ὄφρα καὶ Ἕκτωρ εἴσεται ἢ καὶ ἐμὸν δόρυ μαίνεται ἐν παλάμῃσιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.111 (variant{εἰ}) ; ἀλλ᾽ ἄγε μοι τόδε εἰπὲ.. ἢ καὶ Λαέρτῃ αὐτὴν ὁδὸν ἄγγελος ἔλθ; Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.138 (variant{εἰ}) ; ἀμφίστασθαι ἦ κα πεφυτεύκωντι πάντα κὰτ τὰν συνθήκαν they shall investigate whether.. Tab.Heracl. 1.125; μαντεύσασθαί οἱ.. ἦ λώϊόν οἵ κα εἴη Isyllus Lyricus 34; διαφαφίξασθαι ἦ δοκεῖ αὐτὸν στεφανῶσαι “IG” 12(3).170.12 (from Astypalaea): accented ἤ in codices Homerus Epicus, but it should perhaps be _perispomenon_
__A, for ἔφη, 3rd.pers. singular imperfect or aorist 2 of ἠμί (which see). , for ἦν, Attic dialect contraction from Ionic ἔα, imperfect of εἰμί (sum).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks μέν G3303 "inderdaad, werkelijk, heus, sommigen";

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