G2246 ἥλιος
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for שֶׁמֶשׁ H8121;] the sun: with art. (Bl., § 46, 5), Mt 5:45 13:43 17:2 24:29, Mk 1:32 4:6 13:24 16:2, Lk 4:40, Ac 2:20(LXX) 26:13, Eph 4:26, Ja 1:11, Re 1:16 6:12 8:12 9:2 10:1 12:1 16:8 19:17 21:23; βλέπειν τὸν ἥ., Ac 13:11; οὐδὲ μὴ πέσῃ ἐπ’ αὐτοὺς ὁ ἥ., Re 7:16; without art., Mt 13:6, Lk 21:25 23:45, Ac 27:20, I Co 15:41, Re 7:2 16:12 22:5.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἥλιος, ὁ,
  Epic dialect ἠέλιος, as always in Homerus Epicus (except in the late passage Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.271) and Hesiodus Epicus, compare Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τροφῆς” 42 : Doric dialect ἀέλιος ᾱ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.144, Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Cererem” 92, “Lav.Pall.” 89, and Lyric poetry in Trag., Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 809, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 175, al. , but ἅλιος ᾱ, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 96, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 395 (ᾰέλιος Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 835) : Cretan dialect ἀβέλιος (i.e. ἀϝ-), 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus : Aeolic dialect ἀέλιος Sappho Lyrica 79(= “Oxy.” 1787 “fragment” 1.25), “Supp.” 25.7 ; ἄλιος Sappho Lyrica 69 (assuming variant): 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus ἀέλιος (or ἁ-) “IG” 5(2).4.12 (Tegea, 4th c.BC) :— sun, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.421, etc. ; ὁρᾶν φάος ἠελίοιο to see the light of life, live, 18.61 , etc.; ὑπ᾽ ἠελίῳ τε καὶ οὐρανῷ ἀστερόεντι ναιετάουσι 4.44; γυνὴ.. ἀρίστη τῶν ὑφ᾽ ἡλίῳ Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 151; οὐκέτ᾽ ἔστιν ὑφ᾽ ἁλίῳ prev. work 395 ; also ὑπὸ ἡλίου ἑωρᾶσθαι Thucydides Historicus 2.102; οἱ ὑπὸ τοῦτον τὸν ἥλιον ἄνθρωποι Demosthenes Orator 18.270; τριῶν τῶν ὑπὸ τὸν ἥ. μεγίστων ἡγεμονιῶν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lucullus” 30: proverbial, οὐδ᾽ ὁ ἥ. εἴσεται Heliodorus Scriptor Eroticus 7.21 ; ὥσπερ σελήνη γ᾽ ἡλίῳ (i.e. ὅμοιος) a pale reflection, “Comica Adespota” 5.15D.
__2 to determine the cardinal points, πρὸς ἠῶ τ᾽ ἠέλιόν τε towards the “East”, opposed to πρὸς ζόφον: εἴτ᾽ ἐπὶ δεξί᾽ ἴωσι πρὸς ἠῶ τ᾽ ἠέλιόν τε, εἴτ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἀριστερὰ τοί γε ποτὶ ζόφον ἠερόεντα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.239, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.26; ὅσοι ναίουσι πρὸς ἠῶ τ᾽ ἠέλιόν τε, ἠδ᾽ ὅσσοι μετόπισθε ποτὶ ζόφον 13.240 ; πρὸς ἠῶ τε καὶ ἡλίου ἀνατολάς, opposed to πρὸς ἑσπέρην, Herodotus Historicus 7.58; τὰ πρὸς ἠῶ τε καὶ ἥλιον ἀνατέλλοντα prev. author 4.40 ; οἱ ἀπὸ ἡλίου ἀνατολέων Αἰθίοπες the eastern.. , prev. author 7.70.
__3 day, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 424 ; a day, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.37, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τροφῆς” 42, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 652 (pl.), Ps.- Lucianus Sophista “Philopatr.” 4,26, etc. ; later, year, Herodas Mimographus 10.1.
__4 sunshine, sun's heat, ἐπὶ τοῖς ὄρεσιν Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 116e; ἥ. πολύς Lucianus Sophista “Nav.” 35, compare “Herm.” 25 ; πολὺντὸν ἥ. ἐμφαίνειν, of a sunburnt person, prev. author “Ind.” 3, compare “Rh.Pr.” 9 : plural, sunbeams, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Signis Tempestatum” 22, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 16.17 ; hot sunny days, Thucydides Historicus 7.87.
__5 metaphorically, sunshine, brightness, ψυχῆς Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.994e, compare Artemidorus Daldianus Onirocriticus 2.36, etc. ; of a person, Ἑλλάνων δόξης δεύτερον Ἀέλιον “IG” 14.1188 ; of Ptolemaeus Epigrammaticus VI, “UPZ” 15.33 ; νέος Ἥ., of Nero and Caligula, “SIG” 814.34, 798.3.
__II as proper name, Helios, the sun-god, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.271, etc. ; νὴ τὸν Ἥ. Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 108 ; ὑπὸ Δία Γῆν Ἥλιον, in manumission-formula, “POxy.” 48.6, 49.8 (1st c.AD), “IG” 9(1).412 (from Aetolia), “IPE” 2.54.10(3rd c.AD) ; Ἥλιος δούλους ἐλευθέρους ποιεῖ Artemidorus Daldianus Onirocriticus 2.36 ; identified with Apollo, “Carmina Popularia” 12, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 781.11; with Dionysus, Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 31.11, etc.
__II.2 Ἡλίου ἀστήρ, of the planet “Saturn”, variant in Plato Philosophus “Epinomis” 987c, compare Diodorus Siculus Historicus 2.30, Theon Smyrnaeus Philosophus p.130H. (I.- Euripides Tragicus sāwelios, cf. Cretan dialect ἀβέλιος, Lithuanian sáulė, Latin sōl.)

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