G2288 θάνατος
dood
Taal: Grieks

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Dood,

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thanatos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ (θνήσκω), [in LXX chiefly for מָוֶת ,מוּת H4194,H4191, sometimes דֶּבֶר H1698;] death 1. of the death of the body, whether natural or violent: Jo 11:13, Phl 2:27, He 7:23, al; opp. to ζωή, Ro 8:38, Phl 1:20; of the death of Christ, Ro 5:10, Phl 3:10, He 2:9; ῥυέσθαι (σώζειν) ἐκ θ., II Co 1:10, He 5:7; περίλυπος ἕως θανάτου, Mt 26:38, Mk 14:34; μέχρι (ἄχρι) θ., Phl 2:8, Re 2:10; πληγὴ θανάτου, a deadly wound, Re 13:3; ἰδεῖν θάνατονLk 2:26, He 11:5; γεύεσθαι θανάτου, Mk 9:1; ἔνοχος θανάτου, Mk 14:64; θανάτῳ τελευτᾶν (Ex 21:17, מוּת יוּמָת H4194,H4191), Mk 7:10; death personified, Ro 6:9, I Co 15:26, Re 21:4; pl., of deadly perils, II Co 11:23. 2. Of spiritual death: Jo 5:24 8:51, Ro 7:10, Ja 1:15 5:20, I Jo 3:14 5:16, al.; of eternal death, Ro 1:32 7:5, al.; ὁ θ. ὁ δεύτερος, Re 2:11 21:8 (cf. Cremer, 283 ff.; DB, iii, 114 ff.; DCG, i, 791 f.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

θάνᾰτος θᾰ, ὁ,
  (θνῄσκω) death, whether natural or violent, Homerus Epicus, etc. ; τῶν ὑπαλευάμενος θάνατον the death threatened by them, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.275; ὣς θάνον οἰκτίστῳ θανάτῳ 11.412 ; θάνατόνδε to death, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.693, 22.297 ; θανάτου τέλος, μοῖρα, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 906 (Lyric poetry), “Pers.” 917 (anap.), etc. ; θανάτου πέρι καὶ ζωᾶς for life and death, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 9.29; θ. ἢ βίον φέρει Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 802; θάνατος μὲν τάδ᾽ ἀκούειν prev. author “OC” 529; θανάτῳ ἴσον πάθος prev. author “Aj.” 215; ἐν ἀγχόναις θάνατον λαβεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 201 ; πόλεώς ἐστι θ., ἀνάστατον γενέσθαι it is its death, Lycurgus Orator 61 ; γῆρας ζῶν θ. Secundus Gnomologus “Sententiae - FPG” 12 ; θάνατον ἀποθνῄσκειν, τελευτᾶν, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Crassus” 25, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 4.76.
__2 in Law, death-penalty, θάνατον καταγνῶναί τινος to pass sentence of death on one, Thucydides Historicus 3.81 ; θανάτου δίκῃ κρίνεσθαι prev. work 57; θανάτου κρίνειν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.2.14, Polybius Historicus 6.14.6; περὶ θανάτου διώκειν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.3.6 ; πρὸς τοὺς ἐχθροὺς.. ἀγωνίσασθαι περὶ θ. Demosthenes Orator 4.47 ; θ. τῆς ζημίας ἐπικειμένης the penalty is death, Isocrates Orator 8.50 ; elliptically, παιδίον κεκος μημένον τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ (i.e. στολήν) Herodotus Historicus 1.109; τὴν ἐπὶ θ. προσαγαγεῖν τινα Lucianus Sophista “Alex.” 44 ; but δῆσαί τινα τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ (i.e. δέσιν) Herodotus Historicus 3.119 ; τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ ἔξοδον ποιεῖσθαι to go to execution, prev. author 7.223; ἐπὶ θάνατον ἄγεσθαι prev. author 3.14 ; τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις ἐπιτρέψαι περὶ σφῶν αὐτῶν πλὴν θανάτου for any penalty short of death, Thucydides Historicus 4.54; εὐθύνας εἶναι πλὴν φυγῆς καὶ θανάτου καὶ ἀτιμίας “IG” 12.39.73 ; εἰργόμενον θανάτου καὶ τοῦ ἀνάπηρον ποιῆσαι short of death or maiming, Aeschines Orator 1.183.
__3 plural, θάνατοι kinds of death, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.341 ; the deaths of several persons, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1200, Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 628 (both Lyric poetry) ; poetry, of one person, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 53, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 496, “El.” 206 (all Lyric poetry); οὐχ ἑνός, οὐδὲ δυοῖν ἄξια θανάτοιν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 908e; πολλῶν θ., οὐχ ἑνὸς ἄξιος Demosthenes Orator 21.21, compare 19.16, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 483, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 4.24; δεύτερος θ. *apocalyptic 2.11, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.942f ; especially of violent death, θ. αὐθένται Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1572 (Lyric poetry), compare “Th.” 879 (Lyric poetry); εἰς θανάτους ἰέναι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 399b.
__II as proper name, Θάνατος “Death”, Ὕπνῳ.. κασιγνήτῳ Θανάτοιο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.231, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 854, “Ph.” 797, etc.; μόνος θεῶν γὰρ Θ. οὐ δώρων ἐρᾷ Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 161 ; ὃν ἰὸν τέκετο Θ. Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 834; character in Euripides Tragicus Alcaeus
__III corpse, θ. ἀτύμβευτος “Anthologia Graeca” 9.439 (1st cCrinagoras Epigrammaticus).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐπιθανάτιος G1935 "veroordeeld (ter dood)"; Grieks θανάσιμος G2286 "dodelijk"; Grieks θανατόω G2289 "doden, uitroeien, vernietigen"; Grieks θνήσκω G2348 "sterven, dood zijn";

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