G2348 θνήσκω
sterven, dood zijn
Taal: Grieks

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Dood, Sterven, Overlijden,

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thnēsko̱, TDNT - 3:7,312


1) sterven, dood zijn;  2) metaf. geestelijk dood zijn (1 Tim. 5:6); 2a) van dingen, verdwijnen, “θνᾴσκει σιγαθὲν καλὸν ἔργον” Pi.Fr.121; “ἐσλῶν ὑπὸ χαρμάτων πῆμα θνᾴσκει . . δαμασθέν” Id.O.2.19; “λόγοι θνῄσκοντες μάτην” (Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 846); “θ. πίστις” (Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 611); “τὸ τρύβλιον τέθνηκέ μοι” (Aristophanes, Frogs, 986) (lyr.): in Prosa, “τέθνηκε τὸ τοὺς ἀδικοῦντας μισεῖν” (Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 289); “τεθνηκός τι φθέγξασθαι” (Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 40.54); “τεθνηκὸς ὁρᾶν” (Callistratus, Descriptiones, 14); τὸ τεθνηκὸς ὁ λίθος ὑπεδύετο (Callistratus, Descriptiones, 2).


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

θνήσκω, [in LXX chiefly for מות H4191;] to die; pf. (M, Pr., 114), to be dead: Mt 2:20, Mk 15:44, Lk 7:12 8:49, Jo 11:44 19:33, Ac 14:19 25:19; metaph., of spiritual death, I Ti 5:6 (cf. ἀπο-, συν-απο-θνήσκω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

θνῄσκω
  (with ι “IG” 2.2477.7, 10,2494, Ἀρχ.Ἐφ.1910.73 ; θνείσκ- “IG” 2.4040b; ἀποθνήισκειν Plato Philosophus “Phdr.” in “PPetr.” 1p.18 (3rd c.BC), but θνήσκω Didymus Grammaticus cited in “Etymologicum Magnum” 452.29, frequently in codices) , Aeolic dialect θναίσκω Hdn.Gr. 2.79, Doric. θνᾴσκω “Sammelb.” 6754.22 (3rd c.BC) : future θᾰνοῦμαι Simonides Lyricus 85.9, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 462, etc. ; Epic dialect infinitive -έεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.12; later θνήξομαι “Anthologia Graeca” 9.354 (Leonidas Alexandrinus Epigrammaticus), Polyaenus Historicus 5.2.22 codices: aorist 2 ἔθᾰνον, Epic dialect θάνον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.412, al. ; infinitive Epic dialect and Ionic dialect θανέειν, as always in Homerus Epicus, except Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.52, θανέμεν Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.72 : perfect τέθνηκα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.12, etc. ; subjunctive τεθνήκω Thucydides Historicus 8.74 : pluperfect ἐτεθνήκειν Antipho Orator 5.70, Lysias Orator 19.48 ; 3rd.pers. plural -ήκεσαν Andocides Orator 1.52 : short forms of perfect, 3rd.pers. dual τέθνᾰτον Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.1.19 , 1st pers. plural τέθνᾰμεν Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 493a , 3rd.pers. plural τεθνᾶσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.52, etc. ; 3rd.pers. plural pluperfect ἐτέθνᾰσαν Antipho Orator 5.70, Andocides Orator 1.59, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.4.16; imper. τέθνᾰθι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.365, τεθνάτω 15.496, “IG” 12.10, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 933e, etc.; opt. τεθναίην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.98, etc. ; infinitive τεθνάναι ᾰ 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 3, Herodotus Historicus 1.31, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1012, Plato Comicus 68, Thucydides Historicus 8.92, etc., τεθνᾶναι uncertain reading in Mimnermus Lyricus 2.10, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 539 ; Epic dialect τεθνάμεναι, -άμεν, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.225, 15.497, etc. ; Aeolic dialect τεθνάκην Sappho Lyrica 2.15 ; participle τεθνεώς Herodotus Historicus 9.120, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 476, etc., fem. τεθνεῶσα Lysias Orator 31.22, Demosthenes Orator 40.27 (τεθνηκυῖα Hipponax Iambographus 29, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 109), neut. τεθνεός Herodotus Historicus 1.112, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ γυναικείης φύσιος” 32 (τεθνηκός Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 71d, pl. τεθνεῶτα 72c) ; genitive τεθνεῶτος, etc., Herodotus Historicus 5.68, etc. (once in Homerus Epicus, dat. τεθνεῶτι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.331) ; poetry τεθνεότος Archel. cited in Antigonus Carystius Paradoxographus “Mirabilia” 89, 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 7.65 ; Doric dialect τεθνᾰότα Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.74 ; Epic dialect τεθνηώς (variant{-ειώς}) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.161 , -ηυῖα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.734, (κατα-) 11.141 ; genitive τεθνηῶτος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.633, etc.; also τεθνηότος 17.435, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.23, al. τεθνεῶτι is trisyllable Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.331, τεθνεώτων Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 272 (hexameters) : disyllable forms are written in later Gr., nominative τεθνώς “BCH” 18.438 (from Argilus) ; genitive singular τεθνῶτος “SIG” 799.13 (Cyzicus, 1st c.AD) ; dative singular τεθνῶτι “Papers of the Amer. School” 3.334 (Pisid.) ; feminine τεθνώσῃ (and genitive plural τεθνήτων) “Ath.Mitt.” 50.134 (from Macedonia) ; accusative plural feminine τεθνώσας Babrius Fabularum Scriptor 45.9: from τέθνηκα arose future τεθνήξω Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 325, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1279 (censured as archaic by Lucianus Sophista “Sol.” 7), later τεθνήξομαι 2nd c.BC(?): Diogenianus Epicureus 1.28, 3.52, Lucianus Sophista “Pisc.” 10, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 2.46 ; participle τεθνηξόμενος Libanius Sophista “Epistulae” 438.7. —The simple Verb is regularly used in early Prose in perfect and pluperfect; for present, future, and aorist the compound ἀποθνῄσκω is substituted: θνῄσκει variant in Hippocrates Medicus “γυναικεῖα” 1.9, σάρκες θνῄσκουσι “Art.” 69, ἔθνῃσκον Thucydides Historicus 2.47, al., θνῃσκόντων prev. work 53, θνῄσκοι Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 72d, θνῄσκομεν Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.20U. : aorist participle θανών, subjunctive θάνῃ, “IG” 12(5).593.2,20,23 (Iulis, 5th c.BC), “Berl.Sitzb.” 1927.166 (from Cyrene), Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Herc.” 1649.4 : aorist infinitive θανεῖν prev. work 1418.13 :—in present and imperfect, die, as well of natural as of violent death; in aorist and perfect, to be dead (compare τί τοὺς θανὅντας οὐκ ἐᾷς τεθνηκένα; Eupolis Comicus 12.3 Demosthenes Orator; τέθνηκ᾽ ἔγωγε πρὶν θανεῖν κακῶν ὕπο Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 431), θανεῖν καὶ πότμον ἐπισπεῖν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.52, etc. ; ζωὸς ἠὲ θανών alive or dead, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.553, compare 15.350; ἦ ἤδη τέθνηκε 4.834; ὡς ἄμεινον εἴη τεθνάναι μᾶλλον ἢ ζώειν Herodotus Historicus 1.31, compare 7.46; τεθνάναι κρεῖττον ἤ.. Demosthenes Orator 9.65, compare 10.25; ἄξιος τεθνάναι Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1012, etc. ; τεθνάτω let him be put to death, Inscriptiones Graecae 12.10.29 ; ἄτιμος τεθ. Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 9.44 : frequently in participle, νέκυος πέρι τεθνηῶτος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.173 ; νεκρὸν.. τεθνηῶτα a dead corpse, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.10 ; οἱ τεθνηκότες, οἱ θανόντες, the dead, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 278, Eupolis Comicus same place, etc.; οὔτε τεθνεῶτα οὔτε ζῶντα Herodotus Historicus 4.14 ; οἴχεται θανών (see. οἴχομαι); θανὼν φροῦδος (see. φροῦδος); θανόντι συνθανεῖν Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 798, “fragment” 953, compare Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 1007 (Lyric poetry) ; ὁ θανών, opposed to ὁ κτανών, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 336: present with perfect sense, θνῄσκουσι γάρ, for τεθνήκασι, prev. author “OT” 118, compare Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 695 (Lyric poetry), “Ba.” 1041 (Lyric poetry), etc.
__2 used like a passive Verb, χερσὶν ὑπ᾽ Αἴαντος θανέειν to fall by his hand, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.289; θ. ὑπό τινος Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 329c, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 625a16; ἔκ τινος Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.72, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1454 ; πρός τινος prev. work 292, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 773; θεοῖς τέθνηκε Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 970: frequently with dat. instrumenti, θ. χερί, δορί, prev. author “OC” 1388, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 959 (Lyric poetry); φαρμάκοισι Euripides Tragicus “Fk.” 464; also ἐν βρόχῳ Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 558 ; τεθνάναι τῷ δέει, τ. τῷ φόβῳ, with accusative, to be in mortal fear of, Demosthenes Orator 4.45, 19.81, compare Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 7.9.4; προοίμιον σκοτεινὸν καὶ τεθνηκὸς δειλίᾳ Aeschines Orator 2.34 ; θ. ἐπί τινι to die leaving one as heir, Lucianus Sophista “DMort.” 7.1.
__II metaphorically, of things, perish, θνᾴσκει σιγαθὲν καλὸν ἔργον Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 121; ἐσλῶν ὑπὸ χαρμάτων πῆμα θνᾴσκει.. δαμασθέν prev. author “O.” 2.19; λόγοι θνῄσκοντες μάτην Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 846; θ. πίστις Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 611; τὸ τρύβλιον τέθνηκέ μοι Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 986 (Lyric poetry): in Prose, τέθνηκε τὸ τοὺς ἀδικοῦντας μισεῖν Demosthenes Orator 19.289; τεθνηκός τι φθέγξασθαι Dio Cassius Historicus 40.54; τεθνηκὸς ὁρᾶν Callistratus Sophista “Statuarum descriptiones” 14; τὸ τεθνηκὸς ὁ λίθος ὑπεδύετο prev. work 2.

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Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀποθνήσκω G599 "sterven"; Grieks ἡμιθανής G2253 "dood (half)"; Grieks θάνατος G2288 "dood"; Grieks θνητός G2349 "sterfelijk";

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