G2372 θυμός
hartstocht, hitte, toorn, opwelling
Taal: Grieks

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thymos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (< θύω), [in LXX most freq. for אַף H639, also for חֵמָה H2528, חָרוֹן H2740, etc., 30 words in all;] passion, hot anger, wrath: He 11:27; ὀργὴ καὶ θ., Ro 2:8, cf. Col 3:8; πικρία κ. θ., Eph 4:31; πλησθῆναι, πλήρης θυμοῦ, Lk 4:28, Ac 19:28; θ. ἔχειν, Re 12:12; οἶνος τ. θυμοῦ τ. πορνείας (cf. Je 28 (51):7), Re 14:8 18:3 (cf. Re 17:2); οἶνος τ. θ. τ. θεοῦ, Re 14:10; id., τ. ὀργῆς τ. θεοῦ, Re 16:19 19:15; ὁ θ. τ. θεοῦ, Re 14:19 15:1, 7 16:1; pl., impulses or outbursts of anger: ἔρις, ζῆλος, θυμοὶ, ἐριθίαι, II Co 12:20, Ga 5:20 (Cremer, 287, 733).†

SYN.: ὀργή G3709, παροργισμός G3950.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

θῡμός, ὁ,
  soul, spirit, as the principle of life, feeling and thought, especially of strong feeling and passion (rightly derived from θύω (B) by Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 419e ἀπὸ τῆς θύσεως καὶ ζέσεως τῆς ψυχῆς):
__I in physical sense, breath, life, θ. ἀπηύρα, ἀφελέσθαι, ἐξαίνυσθαι, ὀλέσαι, frequently in Homerus Epicus, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.17, 5.852, 155, 1.205: with double acc., ἄμφω θ. ἀπηύρα 6.17; ἐπεί κε.. ῥεθέων ἐκ θ. ἕληται 22.68; λίπε δ᾽ ὀστέα θ. 12.386 ; ἀπὸ δ᾽ ἔπτατο θ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.163; ὀλίγος δ᾽ ἔτι θ. ἐνῆεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.593; μόγις δ᾽ ἐσαγείρετο θυμόν 21.417; ἄψορρόν οἱ θ. ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν ἀγέρθη 4.152; θυμοῦ καὶ ψυχῆς κεκαδών 11.334 ; of animals, 3.294, 12.150 , etc.: less frequently in Trag., Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1388, Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 620 (troch.).
__I.2 spirit, strength, τείρετο δ᾽ ἀνδρῶν θ. ὑπ᾽ εἰρεσίης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.78; ἐν δέ τε θ. τείρεθ᾽ ὁμοῦ καμάτῳ τε καὶ ἱδρῷ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.744.
__I.3 πάτασσε δὲ θ. ἑκάστου each man's heart beat high, 23.370, compare 7.216.
__II soul, as shown by the feelings and passions; and so,
__II.1 desire or inclination, especially desire for meat and drink, appetite, πιέειν ὅτε θ. ἀνώγοι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.263; πλησάμενος.. θυμὸν ἐδητύος ἠδὲ ποτῆτος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.603: generally, τά με θ. ἐνὶ στήθεσσι κελεύει Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.68 ; βαλέειν δέ ἑ ἵετο θ . 8.301; αἲ γάρ με μένος καὶ θ. ἀνείη 22.346 ; θ. ἐποτρύνῃ τινά Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.139 ; θ. ἐπέσσυταί τινι, ἐφορμᾶται, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.173, 13.73 ; ἤθελε θυμῷ he wished in his heart or with all his heart, 16.255, 21.65; ἵετο θυμῷ 2.589 ; so later θυμῷ βουλόμενοι wishing with all their heart, Herodotus Historicus 5.49; ὄσσα ϝ οι θ. κε θέλῃ γένεσθαι Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 1.3; θυμὸς ὥρμα Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.25, compare 38; θυμὸς ἡδονὴν φέρει Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 286; ὧν ἐρᾷ θυμός Herodas Mimographus 7.61; τῶν σφι θ. ἦν μάλιστα Herodotus Historicus 1.1; ἄλλως σφι θ. ἐγένετο θεήσασθαι τὸν πόλεμον prev. author 8.116, etc.: with Verb omitted, σὲ γάρ μοι θῦμος ὔμνην Alcaeus Lyricus 5 ; ἄρχ᾽ αὐτὸς ὥς σοι θ. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1319 ; ὅπου ὑμῖν θ. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.1.37; βῆξαι θυμός ἐγγίνεται Hippocrates Medicus “προγνωστικόν” 8.
__II.2 mind, temper, will, θ. πρόφρων, ἵλαος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.39, 9.639; θ. ὑπερφίαλος καὶ ἀπηνής, νηλέα θ. ἔχοντας, σιδήρεος θ., 15.94, 19.229, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.191 ; ἕνα θ. ἔχειν to be of one mind, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.710, etc.; οὐδὲ λύκοι τε καὶ ἄρνες ὁμόφρονα θ. ἔχουσιν 22.263; ἕτερος δέ με θ. ἔρυκε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.302 ; ἐμὸν θ. ἔπειθεν prev. work 33; θωπείας κολακικάς, αἳ.. τοὺς θ. ποιοῦσιν κηρίνους Plato Philosophus “Leges” 633d.
__II.3 spirit, courage, μένος καὶ θ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.174; θ. ἐνὶ στήθεσσι λαβεῖν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.461 ; πᾶσιν δὲ παραὶ ποσὶ κάππεσε θ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.280 ; ψῦχρος ἔγεντο θ., of doves, Sappho Lyrica 16; θ. ἔχειν ἀγαθόν Herodotus Historicus 1.120; θ. οὐκ ἀπώλεσεν Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 26; ὁ θυμὸς εὐθὺς ἦν Ἀμυνίας Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 570 ; ἴωμεν ῥώμῃ καὶ θυμῷ ἐπί.. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.2.21; φρονήματός τε καὶ θυμοῦ ἐμπίπλασθαι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 411c: so in Philos., opposed to λόγος, ἐπιθυμία, prev. work 440b, al.,compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1328a7, 1327b24, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Mus.” p.26K., etc. ; personified, Passion, Emotion, opposed to Λογισμός, Cleanthes Stoicus 1.129.
__II.4 the seat of anger, χωόμενον κατὰ θυμόν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.429; νεμεσιζέσθω ἐνὶ θυμῷ 17.254; θυμὸν ἐχώσατο 16.616, etc. : hence, anger, wrath, δάμασον θυμόν 9.496 ; εἴξας ᾧ θυμῷ prev. work 598; θυμὸς μέγας ἐστὶ.. βασιλήων 2.196; θ. ὀξύς Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1193; θ. κρείσσων τῶν ἐμῶν βουλευμάτων Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1079, etc. ; θυμῷ falsa lectio for{θυμοῦ} in Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 718; οἱ τῷ θ. πραχθέντες φόνοι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 867b ; opposed to λογισμός, Thucydides Historicus 2.11, etc. ; ἐπανάγειν τὸν θ. Herodotus Historicus 7.160; ἐκτείνειν Andocides Orator 3.31; καταθέσθαι Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 567; δακεῖν prev. author “Nu.” 1369; θυμῷ χρᾶσθαι Herodotus Historicus 1.137, al.; ὀργῆς καὶ θυμοῦ μεστοί Isocrates Orator 12.81 (so τὴν ὀργὴν καὶ τὸν θ., i.e. the outward manifestation of ὀ., Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.90W.) ; of horses, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 9.2: pl. (not earlier than Plato Philosophus, f.l. in Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 718 (Lyric poetry)) , fits of anger, passions, περὶ φόβων τε καὶ θυμῶν Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 40e; οἵ τε θ. καὶ αἱ κολάσεις prev. author “Prt.” 323e, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1390a11.
__II.5 the heart, as the seat of the emotions, especially joy or grief, χαῖρε, γήθησε δὲ θυμῷ, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.156, 7.189; θ. ἐνὶ στήθεσσι γεγήθει 13.494; μιν ἄχος κραδίην καὶ θ. ἵκανεν 2.171; ἄχνυτο θ. 14.39, etc. ; δόκησε δ᾽ ἄρα σφίσι θ. ὣς ἔμεν ὡς εἰ.. they felt as glad at heart as if.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.415 ; μηδ᾽ ὀνίαισι δάμνα.. θ. Sappho Lyrica 1.4 ; of fear, δέος ἔμπεσε θυμῷ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.625, compare 8.138 ; of love, τὴν ἐκ θυμοῦ φίλεον 9.343; ἐκ θυμοῦ στέργοισα Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 17.130 ; ἐμῷ κεχαρισμένε θυμῷ my heart's beloved, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.243 ; reversely, ἀπὸ θ. μᾶλλον ἐμοὶ ἔσεαι wilt be alien from my heart, 1.562 ; ἐκ θ. πεσέειν, i.e. to lose thy favour, 23.595; ἔρωτι θυμὸν ἐκπλαγεῖσα Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 8; ἐκ θ. κλαῦσαι Philetas 11.
__II.6 mind, soul, as the seat of thought, ταῦθ᾽ ὥρμαινε κατὰ φρένα καὶ κατὰ θ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.193, etc.; ᾔδεε γὰρ κατὰ θ. 2.409, compare 4.163, etc. ; φράζετο θυμῷ 16.646; ἐν θ. ἐβάλοντο ἔπος 15.566; τοὺς λόγους θυμῷ βάλε Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 706; εἰς θ. βαλεῖν τι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 975 ; οὐκ ἐς θ. φέρω I bring him not into my mind or thoughts, prev. author “El.” 1347.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐνθυμέομαι G1760 "denken, overleggen, bepeinzen"; Grieks ἐπιθυμέω G1937 "begeren, verlangen"; Grieks εὔθυμος G2115 "welmenend, vriendelijk"; Grieks θυμόω G2373 "toornig worden"; Grieks μακροθυμώς G3116 "lankmoedig, geduldig, gelaten"; Grieks ὁμοθυμαδόν G3661 "eensgezind, unaniem"; Grieks πρόθυμος G4289 "geneigd, bereid"; Grieks φιλέω G5368 "liefhebben, beminnen, kussen"; Grieks ψυχή G5590 "adem, levensadem. ziel, psyche, Psychologie";

Literatuur


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