G2398 ἴδιος
persoonlijk, eigen, particulier
Taal: Grieks

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ídios̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἴδιος, -α, -ον (in Attic usually -ος, -ον), [in LXX chiefly for pers. suff., also for לָהֶם H3859, etc.; (τὰ ἴ.) בֵּיתוֹ H1004;] 1. one's own (a) of that which is private and personal (in cl. opp. to κοινός, δημόσιος; cf. infr. 3); (b) of property, friends, home, country, etc. (in cl. opp. to ἀλλότριος; in late writers often, like ἑαυτοῦ, with weakened sense, v. M, Pr., 87 ff.; Deiss., BS, 123 f.): Lk 6:41, Jo 1:42 5:43, Ac 2:6 20:28, I Co 11:21, Ga 6:5, II Ti 1:9, He 7:27, Ju 6, al.; πράσσειν τὰ ἴ., I Th 4:11; κατὰ τὰς ἰ. ἐπιθυμίας, II Ti 4:3; οἱ ἴδιοι, Jo 1:11 (M, Pr., 90 f.; Field, Notes, 84) 13:1, Ac 4:23, I Ti 5:8; τὰ ἴδια, one's home (Field, Notes, 84), Lk 18:28, Jo 1:11 16:32 19:27. 2. peculiar, distinct, appropriate, proper: τὸ ἴ. σῶμα, I Co 15:38; ἐν τ. ἰ. τάγματι, I Co 15:23; εἰς τ. τόπον τ. ἴ., Ac 1:25; = αὐτοῦ (v. Deiss., ut. supr.), Mt 22:5, Jo 1:42 (cf. Wi 10:1). 3. Adverbially (v. supr., 1 (a); and cf. WM, 7392 (a) ἰδίᾳ, severally, separately: I Co 12:11; (b) κατ’ ἰδίαν, apart, privately, in private: Mt 14:13, 23 20:17, Mk 4:34 7:33, Lk 10:23, Ac 23:19, al.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἴδιος ῐδ, α, ον,
  Attic dialect also ος, ον Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 349b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 532b32 (see. entry near the end) :
__I one's own, pertaining to oneself: hence,
__I.1 private, personal (opposed to κοινός): twice in Homerus Epicus, πρῆξις δ᾽ ἥδ᾽ ἰδίη οὐ δήμιος this business is private, not public, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.82; δήμιον ἦ ἴδιο; 4.314 ; ἴδιος ἐν κοινῷ σταλείς embarking as a private man in a public cause, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.49 ; ἰ. στόλῳ χρᾶσθαι, opposed to δημοσίῳ, Herodotus Historicus 5.63; γῆς.. νοσούσης ἴ. κινοῦντες κακά Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 636; κοινὸν ἐξ ἰδίας ἀνοίας κακόν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 641 (Lyric poetry), compare “Or.” 766 (troch.) ; ἴδια πράσσων ἢ στρατοῦ ταχθεὶς ὕπ; prev. author “IA” 1363 (troch.); ἴ. κέρδεα Herodotus Historicus 6.100; συμφορά Antipho Orator 2.1.11; πρόσοδος Andocides Orator 4.11; τὰ ἴ. διάφορα Thucydides Historicus 2.37; πλοῦτος ἴ. καὶ δημόσιος prev. author 1.80, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 521a; ἴ. οὐ κοινὸς πόνος prev. work 535b, compare 543b ; ξυμβόλαια prev. work 443e; ἰ. ἢ πολιτικὴ πρᾶξις prev. author “Grg.” 484d; πόλεις καὶ ἴ. οἶκοι prev. author “Lg.” 890b, compare 796d , etc.; τὰ ἱρά, opposed to τὰ ἴ., temples, opposed to private buildings, Herodotus Historicus 6.9, 8.109 ; τὸ ἐν ἰδίοις discussion among private persons, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 225b.
__I.2 one's own, opposed to ἀλλότριος, ἐπικώμια Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.32; ἡ ἰ. ἐλευθερίη Herodotus Historicus 7.147; Ζεὺς ἰδίοις νόμοις κρατύνων Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 404 (Lyric poetry); ἰδίᾳ γνώμᾳ prev. work 543 (Lyric poetry) ; οὔτοι τὰ χρήματ᾽ ἴ. κέκτηνται βροτοί Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 555 ; φίλων οὐδὲν ἴ., ={κοινὰ τὰ τῶν φίλων}, prev. author “Andr.” 376: with Pron., χωρίον ἡμέτερον ἴδιον Demosthenes Orator 55.8.
__I.3 τὰ ἴ. private interests, opposed to public, Thucydides Historicus 1.82, 2.61, etc. ; one's own property, prev. author 1.141, etc. ; τὰ ἴ. πράττειν mind one's own business, in later Gr., Phrynichus Atticista 405, cf. NT.1Thes.4.11 ; μένειν ἐπὶ τῶν ἰ. Polybius Historicus 2.57.5 ; εἰς τὸ ἴ. καταθέσθαι for self, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.3.3, etc.: with Pron., τοὐμὸν ἴ. εἰπεῖν my personal opinion, Isocrates Orator 6.8 ; τὰ ἐμὰ ἴ. Demosthenes Orator 50.66 ; τὰ αὑτοῦ ἴ. Theognis Elegiacus 440 (uncertain reading), compare Antipho Orator 5.61, Isocrates Orator 8.127 ; τὰ ὑμέτερα ἴ. Demosthenes Orator 19.307 ; τὰ ἴ. σφῶν αὐτῶν, τὰ ἴ. τὰ σφέτερα αὐτῶν, Andocides Orator 2.2, 3.36 ; ἔγωγε τοὐμὸν ἴ. I for my own part, Lucianus Sophista “Merc.Cond.” 9.
__I.4 of persons, personally attached to one, ἴδιοι Σελεύκου Polybius Historicus 21.6.4, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1315a36, “UPZ” 146.38 (2nd c.BC), 109.18 (1st c.BC) ; ἄνθρωπος ἴδιος τῇ εὐνοίᾳ τῇ πρὸς.. “PCair.Zen.” 32 (3rd c.BC) ; ταῖς εὐνοίαις ἴδιοι Diodorus Siculus Historicus 11.26 ; ἴδιοι, οἱ, members of one's family, relatives, “BGU” 665 ii 1 (1st c.AD), Vettius Valens Astrologus 70.5, etc.
__I.5 ἡ ἰ. (sometimes with κώμη added, “BGU” 15.13 (2nd c.AD)) , one's place of origin, PTeb. 327.28 (2nd c.AD), etc.: pl., καταπορεύεσθαι εἰς τὰς ἰ. prev. work5.7 (2nd c.BC).
__I.6 in later Gr., almost as a possessive pronoun,= ἑαυτοῦ, ἑαυτῶν, ἡ ἰ. φιλαγαθία “IG” 22.1011.71 (2nd c.BC) , etc.; χρῶνται ὡς ἰδίοις “UPZ” 11.14 (2nd c.BC) ; περὶ τῶν ἰ. βιβλίων, title of work by Galen.
__I.6.b ἴ. θάνατος one's own, i.e. a natural death, Ramsay Cities and Bishoprics No. 133; ἰδίοις τελευτῶσι θανάτοις Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 199; also ἰδία μοίρῃ Ramsay op.cit. No. 187.
__II separate, distinct, ἔθνος ἴ. καὶ οὐδαμῶς Σκυθικόν Herodotus Historicus 4.18, compare 22 ; ἴδιοί τινές σοι θεοί; Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 890; ἑκάστῳ τῶν ὀνομάτων ὑπόκειταί τις ἴδιος οὐσία Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 349b ; πόλεις.. βαρβάρους καὶ ἰδίας Decrees cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.183 ; ὁ βάτραχος ἰδίαν ἔχει τὴν γλῶτταν, τὴν ἰ. ἀφίησι φωνήν, a peculiar kind of tongue,.. its peculiar note, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 536a8, 11: followed by ἤ, ἴδιον ἔπασχεν πάθος ἢ οἱ ἄλλοι unique and different from others, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 481c; so ἴδιον παρὰ τὰ ἄλλα Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 6.4.10.
__II.b ἴ. λόγος, in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, private account, δεδώκαμεν Πύρωνι τὸν ἔσχατόν σου ἴ. λόγον “PCair.Zen.” 253 (3rd c.BC),compare “PGrenf.” 1.16 (2nd c.BC) , etc.; later, special account, a branch of the fiscal administration, Wilcken “Chr.” 162 (2nd c.BC), “PAmh.” 2.31 (2nd c.BC), “PGnom.Prooem.” (2nd c.AD) , etc.; ὁ γνώμων τοῦ ἰ. λόγου “OGI” 669.44 (1st c.AD) ; also as the title of the Controller, 1st cStrabo Geographus 17.1.12 codices, “OGI” 408 (2nd c.AD), Mitteis “Chr.” 372 vi 1 (2nd c.AD).
__II.2 strange, unusual, ἰδίοισιν ὑμεναίοισι κοὐχὶ σώφροσιν Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 558 ; peculiar, exceptional, περιττὸν καὶ ἴ. γένος Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 760a5; τὰ περιττὰ καὶ ἴ. τῶν δένδρων Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 2.7.1 ; παράδοξον εἰπεῖν τι καὶ περιττὸν καὶ ἴ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1068b ; eccentric, of persons, prev. work57e ; ἴ. τις ἐν πᾶσι βουλόμενος εἶναι prev. author “Them.” 18.
__II.3 peculiar, appropriate, ἴδια ὀνόματα proper, specific words, opposed to περιέχοντα, class-names, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1407a31; ὄνομα ἴ. τινος Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 580e; τὸ ἴ. τοῦ ἐπαίνου Lucianus Sophista “Pr.Im.” 19.
__III ἴ. λόγοι ordinary private conversation, opposed to ποίησις, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 366e, compare “Euthd.” 305d; see infr. VI. 2b.
__IV τὸ ἴ. characteristic property of a species, Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 102a18, 103b11, Chrysippus Stoicus 2.75, Plotinus Philosophus 5.5.13 ; but also, distinguishing feature in a relative sense, ἴ. πρός τι Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 128b25.
__V regular comparative ἰδιώτερος Isocrates Orator 12.73, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 3.1.6 : superlative -ώτατος Demosthenes Orator 23.65, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 1.14.2 ; also ἰδιαίτερος, -αίτατος, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 656a26, 658b33; -αίτατος but not -αίτερος acc. to Thom.Mag. p.189R.
__VI adverb ἰδίως, peculiarly, Isocrates Orator 5.108 ; severally, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 807b : comparative ἰδιωτέρως Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 1.13.4; ὡς -ώτερον εἰπεῖν Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ οἰκονομίας” p.68 Josephus Historicus; ἰδιαίτερον Herodianus Grammaticus 7.6.7: Sup. ἰδιώτατα (variant{-αίτατα}) Diodorus Siculus Historicus 19.1 ; ἰδίως καλεῖσθαι to be called specifically, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Mundo” 394b28; -αίτατα λέγεσθαι prev. author “Mete.” 382a3 ; ἰδίως, opposed to κοινῶς, λέγεσθαι Demetrius Lacon Philosophus “Herc.” 1014.41 F. (but in Grammars, to be used as a proper name, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 634.13) ; in a peculiar sense or usage, Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 115; ἰ.Αἰσχύλος τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονα ἐπὶ σκηνῆς ἀναιρεῖσθαι ποιεῖ Aeschylus Tragicus “Ag.” argument, cf. Scholia Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1116 ; also,= extra versum, τὸ φεῦ ἰδίως Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 41 (variant{ἰδίᾳ}).
__VI.2 ἰδίᾳ, Ionic dialect -ιη, as adverb, by oneself, privately, on one's own account, θύοντι ἰδίῃ μούνῳ Herodotus Historicus 1.132, compare 192, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 467; οὔτε ἰδίᾳ οὔτε ἐν κοινῷ Thucydides Historicus 1.141; καὶ ἰ. καὶ δημοσίᾳ prev. author 3.45, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 30b; καὶ ἰ. καὶ κοινῇ Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 40.3; ἰδίᾳ ἕκαστος Thucydides Historicus 8.1, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 946d, etc.: with gen., ἰ. τῆς φρενός apart from.. , Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 102.
__VI.2.b in ordinary talk, opposed to ὑπὸ ποιητῶν, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 363e, compare 606c; see above 111.
__VI.3 κατ᾽ ἰδίαν in private, Philemo Comicus 169; κατ᾽ ἰδίαν εἰπεῖν τινι Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.21 ; κατ᾽ ἰ. λαβεῖν τινα to take him aside, Polybius Historicus 4.84.8 ; also, separately, apart, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.120d; οἱ κατ᾽ ἰ. βίοι Polybius Historicus 1.71.1. (ϝίδιος “Tab.Heracl.” 1.13, al., “Schwyzer” 324.4 (Delph., 4th c.BC), “IG” 9(1).333.12 (Locr., 5th c.BC) , etc.; with spiritus asper, ἐκ τοῦ ηιδίου “Jahresh.” 14 “Beibl.” 141 (Argos, 5th c.BC) ; καθ᾽ ἱδίαν “IG” 22.891.6, 5(1).6 (_Laconian dialect_), 9(2).66 (from Lamia), Aëtius Medicus 3.159, etc. ; καθ᾽ ἱδδίαν probably in “IG” 9(2).461.26 (Thess.).)

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