G2399 ἰδιώτης
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Taal: Grieks

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idiōti̱s̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἰδιώτης, -ου, ὁ (< ἴδιος), [in LXX: Pr 6:8 (no Heb.)*;] 1. a private person, as opp. to the State or an official (βασιλεῖς κ. ἰδιῶται, Pr 6:8; and cf. MM, Exp., xv). 2. one without professional knowledge, unskilled, uneducated, unlearned: I Co 14:16, 23, 24 (R, mg., without gifts); ἀγράμματοι κ. ἰ., Ac 4:13; c. dat. (= cl. c. gen. rei), λόγῳ, II Co 11:6.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἰδῐώτ-ης, ου, ὁ,
  (ἴδιος) private person, individual, opposed to the State, ξυμφέροντα καὶ πόλεσι καὶ ἰδιώταις Thucydides Historicus 1.124, compare 3.10, “SIG” 37.3 (Teos, 5th c.BC), Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 185b, Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 4.18, etc. ; opposed to γένος, “SIG” 1013.6 (Chios, 4th c.BC); opposed to φατρία, prev. work987.28 ( prev. passage, 4th c.BC).
__II one in a private station, opposed to to one holding public office, or taking part in public affairs, Herodotus Historicus 1.59, 123, al., cf. Decrees cited in Andocides Orator 1.84, Thucydides Historicus 4.2, etc. ; opposed to βασιλεύς, Herodotus Historicus 7.3 ; opposed to ἄρχων, Lysias Orator 5.3, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 259b, “SIG” 305.71 (4th c.BC) ; opposed to δικαστής, Antipho Orator 6.24 ; opposed to πολιτευόμενος, Demosthenes Orator 10.70 ; opposed to ῥήτωρ, Hyperides Orator “pro Euxenippo” 27 ; private soldier, opposed to στρατηγός, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.3.11, compare “PHib.” 1.30.21 (3rd c.BC) ; layman, opposed to priest, “OGI” 90.52 (Rosetta, 2nd c.BC), “PGnom.” 200 (2nd c.AD), NT.1Cor.14.16 : as adjective, ἰ. ἄνδρες Herodotus Historicus 1.32, 70, Thucydides Historicus 1.115 ; ἰ. θεοί homely (with play on ἴδιος), Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 891.
__II.2 common man, plebeian, οἱ ἰ. καὶ πένητες Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Theseus” 24 ; ἰ. καὶ εὐτελής, opposed to βασιλεύς, Herodianus Grammaticus 4.10.2.
__II.3 as adjective, ἰ. βίος private station, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 578c ; ἰ. λόγος everyday speech, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Demosthene” 2, compare Longinus Rhetor 31.2.
__III one who has no professional knowledge, layman, καὶ ἰατρὸς καὶ ἰ. Thucydides Historicus 2.48, compare Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 4, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 178c, “Lg.” 933d; ἰ. ἤ τινα τέχνην ἔχων prev. author “Sph.” 221c ; of prose-writers, ἐν μέτρῳ ὡς ποιητής, ἢ ἄνευ μέτρου ὡς ἰ. prev. author “Phdr.” 258d, compare “Smp.” 178b; ἰ. καὶ μηδὲν αὐλήσεως ἐπαΐων prev. author “Prt.” 327c ; opposed to to a professed orator, Isocrates Orator 4.11 ; to a trained soldier, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitum magistro” 8.1 ; ἰδιώτας, ὡς εἰπεῖν, χειροτέχναις (-νας codices) ἀνταγωνισαμένους Thucydides Historicus 6.72 ; opposed to ἀσκητής, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.7.7, compare 12.1 ; opposed to ἀθλητής, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1116b13 ; opposed to a professed philosopher, prev. author “Pol.” 1266a31, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ παρρησίας” p.51 O., “D.” 1.25; in Music, prev. author “Mus.” p.42 K.; opposed to δημιουργός, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 312a, “Thg.” 124c: as adjective, ὁ ἰ. ὄχλος, opposed to artificers, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pericles” 12.
__III.2 with genitive of things, unpractised, unskilled in a thing, ἰατρικῆς Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 345a, compare “Ti.” 20a; ἔργου Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 3.9 ; ἰ. κατὰ τοὺς πόνους, κατὰ τὸν ὕπνον, prev. author “Cyr.” 1.5.11; ἰ. τὰ ἄλλα Herodianus Grammaticus 4.12.1; ἰ. ὡς πρὸς ἡμᾶς ἀγωνίζεσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Cyr.” same place, compare Lucianus Sophista “Herm.” 81.
__III.3 generally, raw hand, ignoramus, ἄν τε δεινοὶ λάχωσιν ἄν τε ἰδιῶται.. Demosthenes Orator 4.35 ; παιδάρια καὶ ἰ., of slaves, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 1.234 (compare ἰ. οἰκέται Lucianus Sophista “Alex.” 30) ; ἀμαθὴς καὶ ἰ., opposed to τεχνίτης, prev. author “Ind.” 29 ; vocative ἰδιῶτα, as a term of abuse, Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 71.
__III.4 'average man', opposed to a person of distinction, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1104a.
__IV ἰδιῶται, οἱ, one's own countrymen, opposed to ξένοι, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 459.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἴδιος G2398 "persoonlijk, eigen, particulier";

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