G2413 ἱερός
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἱερός, -ά, όν, [in LXX: Ez 28:18 (מִקְדָּשׁ H4720); τό ἱ., I Ch 29:4 (בַּיִת H1004), Ez 45:19 (עֲזָרָה H5835); very freq. in I Es, I-IV Mac;] 1. in Hom., marvellous, mighty, divine. 2. (Also in Hom. and later cl.) consecrated to the deity, sacred: pl., ἱ. γράμματα, II Ti 3:15. 3. (a) (so in Hom.), τὰ ἱ., sacrifices, sacred rites, sacred things: I Co 9:13; (b) later, τὸ ἱ., a consecrated or sacred place, a temple: τ. Ἀρτέμιδος, Ac 19:27; of the temple at Jerusalem, i.e. the entire precincts or some part thereof (as distinct from ὁ ναός, q.v., the Sanctuary proper): I Co 9:13, and freq. in Gosp. and esp. in Ac, Mt 12:6, Mk 13:3, Ac 4:1, al. (on the use of ἱ. in Imperial Inser., v. Deiss., LAE, 380 f.)

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  (see. entry near the end), ά, όν, also ός, όν in the phrase ἱερὸς ἀκτή Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 597, 805, Oracle texts cited in Herodotus Historicus 8.77 : Ionic dialect and poetry ἱρός, ή, όν (see. entry near the end): Doric dialect and N. Greek ἱᾰρός “IG” 22.1126.20, etc. : Aeolic dialect ἶρος Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 23.25, Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 8.4 , but ἴαρος (correlated from ἴερ-) Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 20a. 6 : superlative ἱερώτατος Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 582 (Lyric poetry), Plato Philosophus “Leges” 755e.
__I filled with or manifesting divine power, supernatural, ἱ. ἲς Τηλεμάχοιο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.409, al.; ἱ. μένος Ἀλκινόοιο 8.421, etc. ; ἄλφιτον, ἀλωαί, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.631, 5.499; Δημήτερος ἱερὸς ἀκτή Hesiodus Epicus “Op.” I prev. cited ; of natural objects or phenomena, rivers, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.351, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.726, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 410 (Lyric poetry) ; λιβάς, of the Spercheus, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1215 (Lyric poetry) ; ἱεραὶ βῆσσαι Κίρκης 'faery', Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.275 ; ἱ. ἦμαρ, κνέφας, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.66, 11.194; φάος Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 339 ; ἱερὸς δίφρος (where δ. perhaps = ἵπποι) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.464; after Homerus Epicus, ἱ. χεῦμα θαλάσσης Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 192 (anap.); ἱ. κῦμα Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1206, compare “Cyc.” 265; ὄμβρος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1428; δρόσοι Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 117 (Lyric poetry) ; ὕπνος, of death, Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 11 ; ἔστι μὲν οὐδὲν ἱ. no great matter, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 5.22.
__II of divine things, holy, ἱεροῖς ἐν δώμασι Κίρκης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.426; ἱ. γένος ἀθανάτων Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 21; λέχος, of Zeus, prev. work 57 ; δόσις the gift of God, prev. work 93 ; πόλεμος holy war, 'crusade', Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 556, etc.
__II.2 of earthly things, hallowed, consecrated, βωμοί Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.305 ; ἱ. δόμος, of the temple of Athena, 6.89; ἱ. ἑκατόμβη 1.99, 431, etc.; ἐλαίη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.372; χοαί Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 469, etc. ; ἱρὰ γράμματα hieroglyphics, Herodotus Historicus 2.36 ; but ἱ. γράμματα of the “Holy Scriptures”, NT.2Tim.3.15 ; ἱ. βύβλοι “OGI” 56.70 (Canopus, 3rd c.BC) ; ἱ. ἄγαλμα, τρίπους, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1379, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 512, etc.; χρήματα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 568d, etc.; ἱ. τὸ σῶμα τῷ θεῷ δίδωμ᾽ ἔχειν Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1285 ; ἱ. σώματα, of ἱερόδουλοι, 1st cStrabo Geographus 6.2.6; χῆνες Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.325c ; of animals regarded as 'taboo', κριοί εἰσί σφι ἱ. διὰ τοῦτο Herodotus Historicus 2.42; so perhaps ἱ. ἰχθύς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.407 ; of the Roman Tribunes,= Latin sacrosanctus, ἱ. καὶ ἄσυλος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Tiberius Gracchus” 15, etc. ; of Augustus, “Mon.Anc.Gr.” 5.17 ; ἱ. νόμος law of sacrifice, Demosthenes Orator 21.35, compare “SIG” 685.81 (2nd c.BC) ; ἱ. λόγος legend, Herodotus Historicus 2.81, etc.; οἱ παλαιοὶ καὶ ἱ. λόγοι Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 335a ; ἱ. γάμος mystical marriage, a religious ceremony, Menander Comicus 320, Photius Legal icographus, etc. see entry ; opposed to βέβηλος, as sacred to profane, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 7.8, “Anecdota Graeca - Bekker” 223; but more frequently ἱ. καὶ ὅσιος Thucydides Historicus 2.52, Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 5.4, etc. ; compare ὅσιος.
__II.3 under divine protection, frequently of places, Ἴλιος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.648, Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 8.4; Πύλος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.108; Θήβη Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 20a. 6 ; Τροίης ἱερὸν πτολίεθρον, Τροίης ἱερὰ κρήδεμνα, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.2, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.100; Ἀθῆναι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.323, compare Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 75, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1221 (Lyric poetry), Ps.-Oracle texts cited in Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1037; Σούνιον ἱρόν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.278 ; ἱ. κύκλος the judge's seat under the protection of Zeus, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.504: with gen. of the divinity, ἄλσος ἱρὸν Ἀθηναίης, ἄντρον ἱρὸν νυμφάων, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.322, 13.104, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.80, 2.41, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 937, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.3.13, etc.; γῆ καὶ ἑστία ἱερὰ πᾶσι πάντων θεῶν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 955e ; χωρίον ὡς -ώτατον prev. work 755e, compare “Ti.” 45a ; with genitive of a human being, Γναθίου.. ἱ. εἰμι “IG” 12.920.
__II.3.b of persons, φυλάκων ἱ. τέλος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.56; ἱ. πυλαωροί 24.681; στρατός Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.81; βασιλέες Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.97 ; ἱ. εὐσεβής τε, of Oedipus, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 287 ; ἅνθρωπος ἱ. initiated, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 652 ; with genitive of a divinity, deuoted, dedicated, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 75, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 85b.
__II.3.c under the Roman Empire,= sacer, imperial, ἐκ τῶν ἱερῶν τοῦ Καίσαρος γραμμάτων “IGRom.” 4.571 (Aezani, 2nd c.AD); ὁ -ώτατος φίσκος, τὸ -ώτατον ταμιεῖον, prev. work3.727 (from Lycia), “SIG” 888.10 (Scaptopara, 3rd c.AD) , etc.; τὸ -ώτατον βῆμα (of the praefectus Aegypti), “PHamb.” 4.8 (1st c.AD) : generally, worshipful, ἱ. σύνοδος “OGI” 713.9 (Egypt, 3rd c.AD), etc.
__III as substantive,
__III.1 ἱερά, Ionic dialect ἱρά, τά, offerings, victims, ἱερὰ ῥέξας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.147, etc.; ἔρδειν Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 336; διδόναι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.184; ἀλλ᾽ ὅ γε δέκτο μὲν ἱρά Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.420, compare 23.207: less frequently in sg., ὄφρ᾽ ἱρὸν ἑτοιμασσαίατ᾽ Ἀθήνῃ 10.571; θῦσαι ἱρά Herodotus Historicus 1.59, 8.54, etc.; θυσίας καὶ ἱρὰ ποιέειν prev. author 2.63; αἴθειν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1033; ἱ. πατρῷα Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 1015; ἱ. ἐπιχώρια Democritus Epigrammaticus 259.
__III.1.b after Homerus Epicus , omens afforded by sacrifice, τὰ ἱρὰ οὐ προεχώρεε χρηστά Herodotus Historicus 5.44 ; τὰ ἱερὰ καλὰ ἦν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.8.15; simply οὐκ ἐγίγνετο τὰ ἱ. prev. work 2.2.3.
__III.1.c generally, sacred objects or rites, Herodotus Historicus 1.172, 4.33; τῶν ὑμετέρων ἱ. καὶ κοινῶν μετεῖχον Demosthenes Orator 57.3 ; of cult-images, IG Rom. 3.800 (syllium).
__III.2 after Homerus Epicus , ἱερόν, Ionic dialect ἱρόν, τό, holy place, Herodotus Historicus 5.119, al. ; opposed to νηός, prev. author 2.170, compare Thucydides Historicus 4.90, 5.18 ; frequently of a temple, ἔστι δὲ ἐν τῷ τεμένεϊ.. ἱρόν κτλ. Herodotus Historicus 2.112 ; of the Jewish temple, LXX.1Ch.29.4, Polybius Historicus 16.39.4, 1st cStrabo Geographus 16.2.34, NT.Matt.24.1. +2nd c.BC+
__III.3 ἱερὸν τῆς δίκης a sacred principle of right, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1002.
__III.4 ἱερός, ὁ (i.e. μήν), name of month at Delos, “IG” 12.377.22, 11(2).203 A 31 (3rd c.BC).
__III.5 ἱεροί, οἱ, members of a religious college or guild, prev. work5(1).1390.1, al. (Andania, 1st c.BC), probably in “SIG” 1010.7 (from Chalcedon) , etc.; also of women, ἱεραί, αἱ, “IG” 5(1). same place, compare 1511 (from Sparta).
__III.5.b ={ἱερόδουλος}, prev. work 1356 (Messenia, 5th c.BC), “Inscription Perg.” 572, “GDI” 5702.39 (from Samos).
__IV special phrases, post- Homerus Epicus,
__IV.1 proverbial, ἱ. ἄγκυρα one's last hope, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.815d, Lucianus Sophista “JTr.” 51, “Fug.” 13, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 1.93, Galenus Medicus 11.182.
__IV.2 ἱ. βόλος, name of a throw at dice, Eubulus Comicus 57.1.
__IV.3 ἱ. βοτάνη, see at {βοτάνη}.
__IV.4 ἱ. (i.e. γραμμή) compare (γραμμή 111.1) , last line of draught-board, κινήσαις τὸν ἀπ᾽ ἴρας.. λίθον Alcaeus Lyricus 82, compare Epicharmus Comicus 225, Sophron Comicus 127 ; τὴν ἀφ᾽ ἱερᾶς (variant{τὴν ἱεράν}) Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Coriolanus” 32.
__IV.5 ἱ. ἰχθύς,= ἀνθίας, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 620b35, compare Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 7.282e, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.981d.
__IV.6 ἱ. λόχος, see at {λόχος}.
__IV.7 ἱερά (i.e. νίκη), ἡ, drawn contest, dead heat (because the prize was assigned to the god), “SIG” 1073.48 (Olympiodorus Philosophus); ποιῆσαι ἱεράν, of the competitor, Wood “Ephesus, App.” vi p.70; so ἱ. ἀθλήματα “Inscription Olymp.” 56; ἱερὸς ὁ στέφανος ἐκρίθη “IG” 9(2).525 (from Larissa); τὸ παγκράτιον ἱ. ἐγένετο prev. work527 ( prev. passage); ἱερός (i.e. ἀγών) prev. work7.2727.19, 24 (Acraeph.): metaph., ἱερὸν ποιῆσαι τὸν στέφανον 'divide the honours', Polybius Historicus 1.58.5, 29.8.9.
__IV.8 ἱ. νόσος epilepsy, Herodotus Historicus 3.33, Hippocrates Medicus “Morb. Sacr.” at Title Page, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 9.11.3, etc., compare Callimachus Epicus “Aetia” 3.1.14: metaph., τὴν οἴησιν ἱ. νόσον ἔλεγε 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 46 (= Epicurus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 224).
__IV.9 ἡ ἱ. ὁδός the sacred road to Delphi, Herodotus Historicus 6.34; also, from Athens to Eleusis, Cratinus Comicus 61, Pausanias Periegeta 1.36.3, Harpocratio Grammaticus see entry ; and that from Elis to Olympia, Pausanias Periegeta 5.25.7.
__IV.10 ἱ. ὀστέον, os sacrum, the last bone of the spine, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 45, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.981d, Galenus Medicus “de Usu Partium” 5.8, etc.
__IV.11 ἱ. συμβουλή sacred duty of an adviser, Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 321c, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.6.4, compare Plato Philosophus “Theages” 122b, Lucianus Sophista “Rh.Pr.” 1.
__IV.12 ἱ. σῦριγξ spinal canal, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.180.
__IV.13 ἱερὰ τριήρης, of the Delian ship, or one of the state-ships (Salaminia or Paralos), Demosthenes Orator 4.34.
__IV.14 frequently in geographical names, e.g. ἱ ἄκρα, in Lycia, 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.3.8 ; ἱ. ἀκρωτήριον, in Spain, Cape St. Vincent, prev. author 2.4.3 ; ἱ. κώμη, in Lydia, Polybius Historicus 16.1.8 ; ἱ. νῆσος, one of the Liparean group, Thucydides Historicus 3.88 ; one of the insulae Aegates, Polybius Historicus 1.60.3.
__V adverb -ρῶς holily, ἀποθανεῖν variant in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lycurgus” 27. ῐ by nature, but sometimes ῑ in Ep., especially in endings of hexameters, ἱ. ἰχθύς, ἱ. ἦμαρ, ἱερὰ ῥέξας, ἀλφίτου ἱεροῦ ἀκτή, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.407, 8.66, 1.147, 11.631 ; ῑερόν in the first foot of a hexameters, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 5.22 ; also in compounds ἱεραγωγός, ἱεροθαλλής, ἱερόφωνος: ῑ always in contraction form ἱρός which is used in Epic dialect, Herodotus Historicus , and some Ionic dialect inscriptions, as “IG” 12(8).265.9 (from Thasos), compare 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 7.56, Herodas Mimographus 4.79, al. , but is rarely found in codices of Hippocrates Medicus (never in 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus or Democritus Epigrammaticus) ; also in Trag., Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 268, etc., but never required by metre in Lyric poetry of Comedy texts

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀρχιερατικός G748 "hogepriesterlijk"; Grieks ἱερεύς G2409 "priester"; Grieks ἱερωσύνη G2420 "priesterschap, priesterambt"; Grieks ὅσιος G3741 "onbezoedeld, zuiver, heilig, vroom";



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