G2486 ἰχθύς
vis
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Ichthus, Vissen,

Statistieken

Komt 20x voor in 5 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

ichthys̱, zn. mnl.,


1) dier vis (Mat. 7:10; 14:17, 19; 15:36; 17:27; Mark. 6:38, 41, 43; Luk. 5:6, 9; 9:13, 16; 11:11; 24:42; Joh. 21:6, 8, 11; 1 Cor. 15:39); 2) als acrostichon Ἰησοῦς Χριστός Θεοῦ Υἱός Σωτήρ Ichthus 'Jezus Christus, Gods Zoon, Redder'; 3) sterrenbeeld Vissen (Homer, Iliad, 21.127; Theocritus, Poeta Bucolicus, 21.49)


Bronnen


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἰχθύς, -ύoς, ὁ, [in LXX for דָּג H1709, דָּגָה H1710;] a fish: Mt 7:10, Mk 6:38, al.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἰχθῦς
  (so Hdn.Gr.2.936, -ῦς and -ύς frequently in codices), ύος, ὁ, accusative ἰχθύν Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 306, cf. Hdn.Gr. 1.416, Choeroboscus Grammaticus “Scholia in Theodosii Canones” 1.383 , in late Poets also ἰχθύα “Anthologia Graeca” 9.227 (from Bianor), Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 21.45: voc. ἰχθύ Erinna Lyrica 1, Crates Comicus 14: pl. ἰχθύες Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 109e, etc., ἰχθῦς Alexander Rhetor 261.9, acc. ἰχθύας , contraction ἰχθῦς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.53 , both forms being used in Comedy texts, -ῦς Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1068, Archippus Comicus 29 , -ύας Antiphanes Comicus 68.12, Ephippus Comicus 21; codices vary in Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 564b19, “PA” 644a21, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 5.3, 1st cStrabo Geographus 8.3.19, etc.; -ῦς “SIG” 997.1 (Smyrna, perhaps 1st c.BC) ; -ύας “BGU” 1123.9 (Aug.), etc.: dual ἰχθῦ Antiphanes Comicus 194.15 :—fish, ὠμηστής Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.82, compare 21.122, al., compare Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 277, Herodotus Historicus 2.93, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1297,etc.: proverbial, ἀφωνότερος τῶν ἰχθύων Lucianus Sophista “Gall.” 1, compare Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 2.18 : metaphorically, of a stupid fellow, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.975b.
__II in plural, οἱ ἰχθύες the fish-market at Athens, παρὰ τοὺς ἰχθῦς Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1068; ἐν τοῖς ἰχθύσι prev. author “V.” 789, Antiphanes Comicus 125.1.
__III plural, the constellation “Pisces”, Eudoxus Astronomus cited in Hipparchus Astronomicus 1.2.3; ἰ. Διός Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Antro Nympharum - Porphyrii Opuscula” 22. (ἱχθύς Attic dialect accusative to Gellius, Aulus Grammaticus Latinus 2.3.2.) ῡ in disyllable cases, nominative -ῡς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.127, Damoxenus Comicus 2.20, Archestratus Epicus “fragment” 52 (ἰχθῦς οὖσα should be read for ἰχθὺς ἐοῦσα in Matro Parodius “Convivium - Corpusculum poesis epicae ludibundae” 35 ), accusative -ῡν Pherecrates Comicus 120, Antiphanes Comicus 166.7, Archestratus Epicus “fragment” 28 , but -ῠν Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 21.49, and apparently Pindarus Lyricus same place: ῠ in trisyllable cases and in all compounds (Cf. Lithuanian žuvìs, Armenian jukn, 'fish'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἰχθύδιον G2485 "visje"; Hebreeuws דָּג H1709 "Vispoort, visharpoen, vissen, visserskrauwel, vis"; Hebreeuws דָּגָה H1710 "vissen, vis, vissen";

Literatuur


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