G2508 καθαίρω
reinigen, schoonmaken
Taal: Grieks

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kathairo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

καθαίρω (< καθαρός), [in LXX: Is 28:27 (דּוּשׁ H1758 ho.), II Ki 4:6, Je 51:39 א heb* ;] to cleanse: of pruning, Jo 15:2 (cf. καθαρίζω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κᾰθαίρω,
  future κᾰθᾰρῶ Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 18.6, probably in Plato Philosophus “Leges” 735b, etc. : aorist 1 ἐκάθηρα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.152, Thucydides Historicus 3.104, Hippocrates Medicus “γυναικεῖα” 1.47, “IG” 22.1672.47 (ἀνα-), Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 5.119, etc. ; ἐκάθᾱρα is found in codices of Antipho Orator 6.37, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.7.35, Hippocrates Medicus “Acut.” (“Sp.”) 11 , and commonly in later Gr., Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 16.7, “BCH” 6.23 (Delos, 2nd c.BC), (ἀνα-) “PPetr.” 3p.141 (3rd c.BC), (συνανα-) “IG” 11(2).163 A 56 (Delos, 3rd c.BC), compare διακαθαίρω, ἐκκαθαίρω, etc., and Phrynichus Atticista 16 ; see below middle: perfect κεκάθαρκα (ἐκ-) Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 752 :— middle, future καθαροῦμαι Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 396e, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 2.38 (in Pass. sense, prev. work 2.13, “Nat.Mul.” 13, “Mul.” 2.160) : aorist ἐκαθηράμην Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 354, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.43, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 868a, “IG” 11(2).146 A 78 (Delos, 4th c.BC), 153.9, 154 A 37 ( prev. passage, 3rd c.BC) ; later ἐκαθᾱράμην prev. work146 A 80 (4th c.BC), “Inscription Délos” 290.79, al. (3rd c.BC), etc., (ἀνα-) “IG” 22.1668.8(4th c.BC) : passive, future καθαρθήσομαι Rufus Medicus cited in Oribasius Medicus 7.26.64, Galenus Medicus 7.222 : aorist ἐκαθάρθην Herodotus Historicus 1.43, Thucydides Historicus 3.104, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.2, etc. (_aorist 2_ ἀποκαθαρῇ is falsa lectio in Arrianus Historicus “Cynegeticus” 27.1) : perfect κεκάθαρμαι Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ γυναικείης φύσιος” 8, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 69c, etc. : (καθαρός):
__I cleanse, of things, καθήρατε δὲ κρητῆρας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.152; τραπέζας ὕδατι.. καθαίρειν 22.439; καθήραντες χρόα καλὸν ὕδατι 24.44; κ. οἰκίαν Antipho Orator same place, Theophrastus Philosophus prev. cited; of wounds, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἑλκῶν” 6, al. (compare καθαιρέω 11.6): with gen., ἵππον αὐχμηρᾶς τριχός Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 475; κ. σῖτον Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 18.6 ; γῆν clear of weeds, prev. work 20.11, compare “PLille” 5.24 (3rd c.BC) , etc.; χρυσόν purify, refine, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 303d : metaphorically, purge, clear a land of monsters and robbers, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1012 (hexameters), 1061, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Theseus” 7; κ.λῃστηρίων τὴν ἐπαρχίαν prev. author “Mar.” 6: c.acc. cogn., καθαρμὸν κ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 735b :—passive, τὴν νηδὺν ἀνασχισθεῖσαν καὶ καθαρθεῖσαν Herodotus Historicus 4.71.
__I.2 in religious sense, purify, δέπας ἐκάθηρε θεείῳ by fumigating with sulphur, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.228 ; κ. τινὰ φόνου purify him from blood, Herodotus Historicus 1.44, compare “Berl.Sitzb.” 1927.160 (from Cyrene) ; Δῆλον κ. Herodotus Historicus 1.64, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.8 ; στόλον κ., Latin classem lustrare, Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 5.96: abs., “IG” 5(1).1390.68 (Andania, 1st c.BC) :— middle, purify oneself, get purified, Herodotus Historicus 4.73; οἱ φιλοσοφίᾳ καθηράμενοι Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 114c, compare “Phdr.” 243a, “Cra.” 396e; καθαίρεσθαι καθαρμούς prev. author “Lg.” 868e ; καθήρασθαι στόμα keep one's tongue pure, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 354 :—passive, κεκαθαρμένος καὶ τετελεσμένος Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 69c.
__I.3 in Medicine texts, purge, evacuate, either by purgatives or emetics, κ. κάτω ἢ ἄνω Hippocrates Medicus “γυναικεῖα” 1.64 (Pass.),compare Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 9.11.11, etc. :—middle, κατὰ κύστιν ἐκαθήρατο Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 1.15: —passive , prev. work 5.2 , etc.; also of menstruation, prev. author “Superf.” 33 ; of the after-birth, τὰ λοχεῖα κ. prev. author “Mul.” 1.78 ; καθαίρων, ὁ, name for ἶρις, Ps.- Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.1.
__I.4 prune a tree,i.e.clear it of superfluous wood, NT.John.15.2.
__I.5 sift, winnow grain, “PTeb.” 373.10 (2nd c.AD).
__I.6 metaphorically, ={μαστιγόω}, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 5.119.
__II of the thing removed by purification, purge away, wash off, λύματα πάντα κάθηρεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.171; ἐπεὶ πλῦνάν τε κάθηράν τε ῥύπα πάντα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.93 ; clear away, τὰ λῃστικά Dio Cassius Historicus 37.52: metaph., φόνον κ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 74 (Lyric poetry) ; also perhaps, clear up, explain an action, τὴν σύστασιν Epicurus Philosophus “De rerum natura - Wien. Stud.” 66G., compare 73G.
__III with double accusative, αἷμα κάθηρον.. Σαρπηδόνα cleanse him of blood, wash the blood off him, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.667: —passive, καθαίρομαι γῆρας I am purged of old age, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 45; ὁ καθαρθεὶς τὸν φόνον Herodotus Historicus 1.43.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐκκαθαίρω G1571 "schoonmaken, reinigen"; Grieks καθαρός G2513 "rein, schoon"; Grieks περικάθαρμα G4027 "afval, schuim, uitvaagsel";

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