G2513 καθαρός
rein, schoon
Taal: Grieks

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katharos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

καθαρός, -ά, -όν, [in LXX chiefly for טָהוֹר H2889;] pure, clean 1. Physically: Mt 23:26 27:59, Jo 13:10, 11 (fig.), Jo 15:3 (fig., as of a vine cleansed by pruning), He 10:22, Re 15:6 19:8, 14 21:18, 21. 2. Ceremonially: Lk 11:41, Ro 14:20, Tit 1:15. 3. Ethically; (a) of persons: Jo 13:16, Ac 18:6, Tit 1:15; ὁ κ. τῇ καρδίᾳ (καθαρὸς χειρας, Hdt., i, 35), Mt 5:8; seq. ἀπό (cl. c. gen. simp.; Bl., § 36, 11; Deiss., BS, 196; MM, Exp., xv), Ac 20:26; (b) of things: καρδία, I Ti 1:5, II Ti 2:22; συνείδησις, I Ti 3:9, II Ti 1:3; θρησκεία, Ja 1:27.†

SYN.: v.s. ἁγνός.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κᾰθᾰρ-ός, ά, όν,
  Doric dialect καθαρός “Tab.Heracl.” 1.103, Orphica “Fragmenta” 32c. 1 , Aeolic dialect κόθ- Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 7.3 ; compare ἀνακαθαίρω, κάθαρσις:
__1 physically clean, spotless (not in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad”), εἵματα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.61, Archilochus Lyricus 12, compare Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 35, 562, etc. ; of persons, cleanly, κ. περὶ ἐσθῆτα Aristoteles Philosophus “de Virtutibus et Vitiis” 1250b28, compare “Rh.” 1416a23 (nisi to be read καθάριος).
__2 clear of admixture, clear, pure, especially of water, Βορυσθένης ῥέει καθαρὸς παρὰ θολεροῖσι Herodotus Historicus 4.53; κ. ὕδατα Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 209 (anap.); ὕδωρ κ. ζῶν LXX.Num.5.17; δρόσοι Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 96 (anap.); κ. καὶ διαφανῆ ὑδάτια Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 229b; οὖρον Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 1.3; διαχώρημα prev. author “Coac.” 640 +5th c.BC+; κ. φάος, φέγγος, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 6.14, 9.90; πνεῦμα κ. οὐρανοῦ Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 867; κ. ἄρτος Herodotus Historicus 2.40 ; of white bread, Wilcken “Chr.” 30i17 (3rd-2nd c.BC), LXX.Jdt.10.5, Galenus Medicus 6.482, 19.137+3rd c.BC+; ἄλευρον κ. Diocl.fragment 139 ; χρυσίον, ἀργύριον -ώτατον, Herodotus Historicus 4.166, compare Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.36, Philo Judaeus 1.190, etc.; σῖτος Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 18.8; σῖτος κ. ἀπὸ πάντων “PHib.” 1.84 (a). 6 (4th-3rd c.BC): frequently of grain, winnowed, πυρὸς κ. ἄδολος “POxy.” 1124.11 (1st c.AD),compare “PTeb.” 93.36 (2nd c.BC) , etc.; of metals, etc., σίδηρος “Sammelb.” 4481.13 (5th c.AD) , etc.; ἀρωμάτων, καθαρῶν, λαχάνων, uncertain meaning in “PLond.” 2.429.6 (4th c.AD) ; ἄκρατος καὶ κ. νοῦς Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.7.30; χρόαι Aristoteles Philosophus “de Sensu” 440a5; φωναί prev. author “Aud.” 801b28 ; of feelings, unmixed, μῖσος τῆς ἀλλοτρίας φύσεως Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 245d, compare Theognis Elegiacus 89 ; serene, φρήν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1120 (Lyric poetry).
__3 clear of objects, free, ἐν καθαρῷ (i.e. τόπῳ) in an open space, ἐν κ., ὅθι δὴ νεκύων διεφαίνετο χῶρος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.491; ἐν κ., ὅθι κύματ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἠϊόνος κλύζεσκον 23.61, compare Philo Judaeus 2.535 (Sup.) ; πάξαις Ἄλτιν ἐν κ. in a clearing, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10 (11). 45 ; ἐν κ. βῆναι to leave the way clear, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1575 (Lyric poetry) ; ἐν τῷ κ. οἰκεῖν live in the clear sunshine, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 520d ; διὰ καθαροῦ ῥέειν, of a river whose course is clear and open, Herodotus Historicus 1.202: with substantive, κελεύθῳ ἐν κ . Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.23 ; χῶρος κ. Herodotus Historicus 1.132; ἐν κ. λειμῶνι Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 26.5 ; ἐν ἡλίῳ κ. in the open sun, opposed to σκιά, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 239c ; ὥς σφι τὸ ἐμποδὼν ἐγεγόνεε κ. was cleared away, Herodotus Historicus 7.183 ; κ. ποιεῖσθαι τὰς ἀρκυστασίας set up the nets in open ground, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 6.6 ; frequently of land, free from weeds, etc., παραδώσω τὸν κλῆρον κ. ἀπὸ θρύου καλάμου ἀγρώστεως κτλ. “PTeb.” 105.59 (2nd c.BC) ; παραδώσω τὰς ἀρούρας κ. ὡς ἔλαβον “BGU” 1018.25 (3rd c.AD): with gen., γλῶσσα καθαρὴ τῶν σημηΐων clear of the marks, Herodotus Historicus 2.38 ; καθαρὸν τῶν προβόλων, of a fort, Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 2.21.7 ; of documents, free from mistakes, POxy. 1277.13 (3rd c.AD) ; χειρόγραφον κ. ἀπὸ ἐπιγραφῆς καὶ ἀλείφαδος free from interlineation and erasure, “PLond.” 2.178.13 (2nd c.AD).
__3.b metaphorically, free, clear of debt, liability, etc., κ. ἀπὸ δημοσίων καὶ παντὸς εἴδους “BGU” 197.14 (1st c.AD); κ. ἀπό τε ὀφειλῆς καὶ ὑποθήκης καὶ παντὸς διεγγυήματος prev. work 112.11 (1st c.AD) ; γῆ κ. ἀπὸ γεωργίας βασιλικῆς “POxy.” 633 (2nd c.AD) ; καθαρὰ ποιῆσαι to give a discharge, PAvrom. 1 A 22 ; in moral sense, free from pollution, καθαρῷ θανάτῳ an honourable death, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.462; θάνατον οὐ κ., τὸν δι᾽ ἀγχόνης Philo Judaeus 2.491; ψυχαὶ ἀρηΐφατοι καθαρώτεραι ἢ ἐνὶ νούσοις 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 136 ; frequently free from guilt or defilement, pure, χεῖρες Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 313 (anap.); καθαρὸς χεῖρας Herodotus Historicus 1.35, Antipho Orator 5.11, Andocides Orator 1.95; κ. παρέχειν τινὰ κατὰ τὸ σῶμα καὶ κατὰ τὴν ψυχήν Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 405b ; ἔρχομαι ἐκ κοθαρῶν κοθαρά Orph “fragment” 32c.1, al. ; of ceremonial purity, καθαρὰ καὶ ἁγνή εἰμι ἀπό τε τῶν ἄλλων τῶν οὐ καθαρευόντων καὶ ἀπ᾽ ἀνδρὸς συνουσίας Jusj. cited in Demosthenes Orator 59.78, compare “UPZ” 78.28 (2nd c.BC), LXX.Num.8.7, al.; ἀπὸ τάφου καὶ ἐκφορᾶς καθαροί “SIG” 982.9 (2nd c.BC)+4th c.BC+; especially of persons purified after pollution, ἱκέτης προσῆλθες κ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 474, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 548, etc. ; also of things, βωμοί, θύματα, δόμος, μέλαθρα, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 654 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1163, 1231 (troch.), 693 : with genitive, clear of or from.. , κ. ἐγκλημάτων Antipho Orator 2.4.11 ; ἀδικίας, κακῶν, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 496d, “Cra.” 404a; ὁ τῶν κακῶν κ. τόπος prev. author “Tht.” 177a; κ. τὰς χεῖρας φόνου prev. author “Lg.” 864e; Κόρινθον.. ἀποδεῖξαι τῶν μιαιφόνων καθαράν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.4.6; κ. εἰμι ἀπὸ τοῦ αἵματος πάντων NT.Act.20.26, compare Dio Cassius Historicus 37.24; κ. ἀπὸ ὅρκου LXX.Gen.24.8 ; ceremonially pure, of food, ὄσπριον Herodotus Historicus 2.37 ; of victims, LXX.Gen.7.2, al., “PGen.” 32.9 (2nd c.AD)+2nd c.AD+, etc.; κ. ἡμέραι, opposed to ἀποφράδες, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 800d.
__3.c in active sense, purifying, cleansing, λέβης Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.26; θέειον Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 24.96.
__4 of birth, pure, genuine, σπέρμα θεοῦ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.15 ; πόλις Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 673 ; τῶν Ἀθηναίων ὅπερ ἐστράτευε καθαρὸν ἐξῆλθε, i.e. were citizens of pure blood, Thucydides Historicus 5.8 ; οἱ τῷ γένει μὴ κ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 13.5 ; κ. ἀστοί Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 506 ; καθαρόν a real, genuine saying, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1015 ; κ. Τίμων a Timon pure and simple, prev. author “Av.” 1549; κ. δοῦλος Antiphanes Comicus 9 (glossed by ἀπηκριβωμένος, “Anecdota Graeca - Bekker” 105) ; ζημία κ., of a person, Alciphro 3.21.
__5 of language, pure, ὀνόματα, λέξις, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 1, 3; διάλεκτος prev. author “Dem.” 5 ; so of writers, Λυσίας κ. τὴν ἑρμηνείαν prev. author “Lys.” 2; Ξενοφῶν κ. τοῖς ὀνόμασι prev. author “Pomp.” 4 ; also, clear, simple, σεμνὸς καὶ κ. Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 2.77a.
__5.b Grammars, preceded by a vowel, pure, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 635.10, 639.5, Hdn.Gr. 2.930, al. ; containing a 'pure' syllable, prev. work 928.
__6 without blemish, sound, ὁ κ. στρατός, τὸ κ. τοῦ στρατοῦ, the sound portion of the army, Herodotus Historicus 1.211, 4.135; see above 4.
__7 clear, exact, ἂν κ. ὦσιν αἱ ψῆφοι if the accounts are exactly balanced, Demosthenes Orator 18.227 (sed compare καθαιρέω 11.5).
__II adverb purely, ἁγνῶς καὶ καθαρῶς “hymnus ad Apollinem” 121, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 337 : comparative -ωτέρως Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Abstinentia - Porphyrii Opuscula” 2.44.
__II.2 of birth, κ. γεγονέναι Herodotus Historicus 1.147; αἱ κ. Ἑλληνίδες Soranus Medicus 1.112, compare Lucianus Sophista “Rh. Pr.” 24.
__II.3 with clean hands, honestly, σὺν δίκῃ.. καὶ κ. Theognis Elegiacus 198 ; δικαίως καὶ κ. Demosthenes Orator 9.62; κ. τε καὶ μετρίως τὸν βίον διεξελθεῖν Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 108c.
__II.4 clearly, plainly, λέγειν Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 631, compare Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 35 (anap.); λέξις κ. καὶ ἀκριβῶς ἔχουσα Isocrates Orator 5.4; κ. γνῶναι Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1045, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 66e; εἴσεσθαι prev. passage; καθαρώτατα ἀποδεῖξαι prev. author “Cra.” 426b.
__II.5 of language, purely, correctly, -ώτερον διαλέγεσθαι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1116e, compare Lucianus Sophista “Im.” 15.
__II.6 entirely, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 591; κ. τις ὢν ἀόργητος Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.71 W.; κ. ἐς ἐφήβους τελεῖν Dio Cassius Historicus 36.25, compare “Codex Justinianus 4th-6th c.AD” 1.4.34.9: Sup. -ώτατα in its purest form, Philodemus Philosophus “de Pietate - Herkulanische Studien” 66.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks καθαίρω G2508 "reinigen, schoonmaken"; Grieks καθαρίζω G2511 "schoonmaken, reinigen"; Grieks καθαρότης G2514 "reinheid, onbevlektheid";

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