G2540 καιρός
tijdsduur
Taal: Grieks

Statistieken

Komt 86x voor in 19 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

kai'ros, zn m afleiding onzeker; TDNT - 3:455,389;


1) het juiste punt 2) tijdsduur, een korter of langer deel van de tijd, vandaar: 2a) een vaste en bepaalde tijd, de tijd waarin de dingen tot beslissend punt gebracht worden, het beslissend tijdstip waarop gewacht wordt 2b) geschikt of gunstig ogenblik 2c) de juiste tijd 2d) een beperkte tijdsperiode 2e) waar de tijd toe leidt, de toestand van de tijden, de dingen en gebeurtenissen van de tijd


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for עֵת H6256, also for מוֹעֵד H4150, etc.;] 1. due measure, fitness, proportion (Eur., Xen., al.). 2. Of Time (cl. also) in the sense of a fixed and definite period, time, season (Kennedy, Sources, 153): Mt 11:25, Mk 1:15, Lk 21:8, Ro 13:11, Eph 6:18, He 11:15, I Pe 1:5, 11, Re 1:3, al.; c. gen., πειρασμοῦ, Lk 8:13; τ. καρπῶν, Mt 21:34; σύκων, Mk 11:13; pl., Mt 21:41; χρόνοι ἢ (καὶ) κ., Ac 1:7, I Th 5:1; ἐθνῶν, Lk 21:24; of opportune or seasonable time, Ac 24:25, Ga 6:10, Eph 5:16, Col 4:5; c. inf., He 11:15; ὁ κ. οὗτος, Mk 10:30, Lk 18:30; ὁ νῦν κ. (Dalman, Words, 148), Ro 8:18; ὁ κ. ὁ ἐμός, Jo 7:6; κ. δεκτῲ, II Co 6:2(LXX); δουλεύειν τῷ κ., Ro 12:11, R, mg.; τ. σημεῖα τῶν κ., Mt 16:3; adverbial usages: ἐν κ., Mt 24:45, I Pe 5:6 (cf. καιρῷ, Lk 20:10; τῷ κ., Mk 12:2); ἄχρι καιροῦ, Lk 4:13; πρὸς καιρόν, Lk 8:13, I Co 7:5; κατὰ καιρόν, Ro 5:6; πρὸ καιροῦ, Mt 8:29.

SYN.: χρόνος G5550, time in the sense of duration.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

καιρός, ὁ,
  due measure, proportion, fitness (not in Homerus Epicus), καιρὸς δ᾽ ἐπὶ πᾶσιν ἄριστος (which became a proverbial) Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 694, Theognis Elegiacus 401; κ. παντὸς ἔχει κορυφάν Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.78; κ. Χάριτος Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 787 (anap.) (compare ὑποκάμπτω 11) ; εἰ ὁ κ. ἦν σαφής the distinction, the point, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 386 ; ἡ ἀπορία ἔχει τινὰ κ. has some point or importance, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1043b25 ; καιροῦ πέρα beyond measure, unduly, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 507; μείζων τοῦ κ. γαστήρ Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 2.19; καιροῦ μεῖζον Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 626 codices; προσωτέρω or πορρωτέρω τοῦ κ., Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.3.34, “HG” 7.5.13 ; ὀξύτερα τοῦ κ. Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 307b; νωθεστέρα τοῦ κ. prev. work 310e ; ὑπερβάλλων τῇ φιλοτιμίᾳ τὸν κ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Agesilaus” 8, compare Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τόπων τῶν κατὰ ἄνθρωπον” 44.
__II of Place, vital part of the body compare (καίριος 1), ἐς καιρὸν τυπείς Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 1120.
__III more frequently of Time, exact or critical time, season, opportunity, Χρόνου κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1292 : usually alone, κ. ἐστιν ἐν ᾧ Χρόνος οὐ πολὺς κτλ. Hippocrates Medicus “Praec.” 1, cf. Chrysipp. et Archigenes Medicus cited in Daremberg Notices etextr. des MSS. médicaux 1p.200; κ. ὀξύς Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 1.1 ; κ. πρὸς ἀνθρώπων βραχὺ μέτρον ἔχει 'time and tide wait for no man', Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.286 ; κ. ὄλβου, ={καίριος ὄλβος}, prev. author “N.” 7.58 ; δηλοῦν, ὅ τι περ δύναται κ. Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 576 codices (sed to be read δύνασαι) ; τίνα κ. τοῦ παρόντος βελτίω ζητεῖτ; Demosthenes Orator 3.16 ; κ. δόσιος for giving, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 20 ; κ. τοῦ ποτισμοῦ, τῆς τρύγης, “BGU” 1003.12 (3rd c.BC), “PStrassb.” 1.8 (V Aeschylus Tragicus Demosthenes Orator); τὰ ἐκ τοῦ κ. προγινόμενα Polybius Historicus 6.32.3 ; καιρὸν παριέναι to let the time go by, Thucydides Historicus 4.27 (so in pl., τοὺς κ. παριέναι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 374c; τοὺς κ. ὑφαιρεῖσθαι Aeschines Orator 3.66); κ. τῶν πραγμάτων τοῖς ἐναντίοις καθυφιέναι καὶ προδοῦναι Demosthenes Orator 19.6 ; καιροῦ (τοῦ κ.) τυχεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 593, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 687a, Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 281; καιρὸν εἰληφέναι Lysias Orator 13.6 (but καιρὸς ἐλάμβανε Thucydides Historicus 2.34; compare καιροῦ διδόντος Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 45.7); καιροῦ λαβέσθαι Lucianus Sophista “Tim.” 13; καιρὸν ἁρπάσαι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Philopoemen” 15; κ. τηρεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1382b11; καιρῷ Χρήσασθαι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pyrrhus” 7 ; καιρῷ Χειμῶνος ξυλλαβέσθαι co-operate with the occurrence of a storm, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 709c ; ἔχει κ. τι it happens in season, Thucydides Historicus 1.42, etc. ; κ. ἔχειν τοῦ εὖ οἰκεῖν to be the chief cause of.., Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 421a; ὑμέας καιρός ἐστι προβοηθῆσαι Herodotus Historicus 8.144, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 523, etc.; νῦν κ. ἔρδειν Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1368: sometimes with Art., ἀλλ᾽ ἔσθ᾽ ὁ κ... ξένους.. τυγχάνειν τὰ πρόσφορα Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 710; ὁ κ. ἐστι μὴ μέλλειν ἔτι Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 661, compare “Pl.” 255.
__III.b adverbial phrases, ἐς καιρόν in season, Herodotus Historicus 7.144, Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 744, etc.; ἐς κ. ἐπείγεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 4.139 ; ἐς αὐτὸν κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1168 ; εἰς δέοντα κ. Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 294; ἐν καιρῷ Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 381, Thucydides Historicus 4.59, etc.; ἐν κ. τινί Plato Philosophus “Crito” 44a; ἐπὶ καιροῦ Demosthenes Orator 19.258, 20.90, etc.; κατὰ καιρόν Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 2.22; ὥς οἱ κατὰ κ. ἦν Herodotus Historicus 1.30 (but also οἱ κατὰ κ. ἡγεμόνες in office at the time, “BGU” 15.10 (2nd c.AD), etc.) ; παρὰ τῷ ἐντυχόντι αἰεὶ καὶ λόγου καὶ ἔργου κ. Thucydides Historicus 2.43; πρὸς καιρόν Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 38, “Tr.” 59, etc.; σὺν καιρῷ Polybius Historicus 2.38.7: without Preps., καιρῷ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1516 ; καιρόν, absolutely, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 34, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 495.9 (in Comp. form καιρότερον, Achaeus Tragicus 49) ; κ. γὰρ οὐδὲν ἦλθες E “Hel.” 479 ; opposed to ἀπὸ καιροῦ out of season, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 187e; ἄνευ καιροῦ prev. author “Ep.” 339d; παρὰ καιρόν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.24, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 8c o (Lyric poetry), Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 277a ; πρὸ καιροῦ prematurely, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 365 (anap.) ; ἐπὶ καιροῦ also means on the spur of the moment, ἐπὶ κ. λέγειν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Demosthenes” 8, compare “Art.” 5; ἐξενεγκεῖν πόλεμον prev. author “Ant.” 6.
__III.2 season, πᾶσιν καιροῖς at all seasons of the year, “IG” 14.1018, cf. LXX.Gen.1.14, Philo Judaeus 1.13, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus cited in Eusebius Caesariensis Scriptor Ecclesiasticus “Praeparatio Evangelica” 3.11 +1st c.AD+; κ. ἔτους, later Gr. for Attic dialect ὥρα ἔτους, accusative to Moeris Grammaticus 424 ; time of day, Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 6.14.
__III.2.b critical times, periodic states, καιροὶ σωμάτων Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1335a41.
__III.3 generally, time, period, κατὰ τὸν κ. τοῦτον Polybius Historicus 27.1.7; κατ᾽ ἐκεῖνο καιροῦ 1st cConon Historicus 3, al.: more frequently in pl., κατὰ τούτους τοὺς κ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 23.2, al., compare Polybius Historicus 2.39.1 ; τὰ κατὰ καιρούς chronological sequence of events, prev. author 5.33.5 ; ἐν τοῖς πάλαι, ἐντοῖς μεταξὺ κ., Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.28,363 Sophocles Tragicus
__III.4 in plural, οἱ καιροί the times, i. e. the state of affairs, frequently in bad sense, ἐν τοῖς μεγίστοις κ. at the most critical times, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.5.33, compare Demosthenes Orator 20.44; περιστάντων τῇ πόλει κ. δυσκόλων “IG” 22.682.33, etc. : also in singular, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.1.44, Demosthenes Orator 17.9 ; ὁ ἔσχατος κ. extreme danger, Polybius Historicus 29.27.12, etc.; καιρῷ δουλεύειν “Anthologia Graeca” 9.441 (Palladas Epigrammaticus).
__IV advantage, profit, τινος of or from a thing, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.54, “P.” 1.57 ; εἴ τοι ἐς κ. ἔσται ταῦτα τελεόμενα to his advantage, Herodotus Historicus 1.206 ; ἐπὶ σῷ κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 151 (Lyric poetry) ; τίνα κ. με διδάσκει; Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 1060 (Lyric poetry) ; τί σοι καιρὸς.. καταλείβει; what avails it..? Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 131 (Lyric poetry) ; τίνος εἵνεκα καιρο; Demosthenes Orator 23.182 ; οὗ κ. εἴη where it was convenient or advantageous, Thucydides Historicus 4.54; ᾗ κ. ἦν prev. work 90 ; Χωρίον μετὰ μεγίστων κ. οἰκειοῦταί τε καὶ πολεμοῦται with the greatest odds, the most critical results, prev. author 1.36.
__V Pythagoras Philosophus name for seven, Theol.Ar. 44.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks εὔκαιρος G2121 "gunstig, geschikt"; Grieks πρόσκαιρος G4340 "wispelturig, grillig, ongedurig, vergankelijk, voorbijgaand"; Grieks χρόνος G5550 "";

Literatuur


Commentaar

Zie de huisregels welk commentaar wordt opgenomen!


Mede mogelijk dankzij

StudieboekenStudieboeken