G2583 κανών
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kanōn,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κανών, -όνος, ὁ (cf. κάννα, and Heb. קָנֶה H7070, a reed), [in LXX: Mi 7:4, Jth 13:6, IV Mac 7:21 (and in Aq., Ps 18 (19):5, Jb 38:5)*;] 1. a rod or bar (Jth 13:6). 2. a measuring rule; hence, metaph, 3. a rule or standard: Ga 6:16. 4. a limit (RV, province): II Co 10:13, 15, 16. (For the history of the word and esp. its later meanings, v. Westc., Canon, App. A; cf. also MM, Exp., xv; Cremer, 744.)†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κᾰνών, όνος, ὁ,
  straight rod, bar, especially to keep a thing straight:
__1 in plural, staves which preserved the shape of the shield, ἀσπίδα δύω κανόνεσσ᾽ ἀραρυῖαν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.407, compare 8.193, Themistius Sophista “Orationes” 21.257a.
__2 weaver's rod, to which alternate threads of the warp were attached, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.761, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 822 (anap.), Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.156b, 4th-5th c.AD(?): Nonnus Epicus “Dionysiaca” 37.631.
__3 ruddled line used by masons or carpenters, πύργους.. ὀρθοῖσιν ἔθεμεν κανόσιν Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 6; βάθρα φοίνικι κανόνι.. ἡρμοσμένα prev. author “HF” 945; also κ. λίθινος rule, straight-edge, Inscriptiones Graecae 12.313.113, 373.217, al., compare Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 56b, Xenophon Historicus “Agesilaus” 10.2, “Anthologia Graeca” 11.120 (from Callicter) ; ὥστε τέκτονος παρὰ στάθμην ἰόντος ὀρθοῦται κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 474.5; κανόνα προσφέρειν Aeschines Orator 3.199; ποιῶν ὀρθὰ πάντα πρὸς κανόνα “IG” 7.3073.108 (Lebad., 2nd c.BC) ; κανόνεσσι.. μετρήσασθαι Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 1.724, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1004 ; μολίβδινος κ., i.e. a flexible rule that cannot be depended on for straight measurement, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1137b31 (unless ={κῦμα}); κανόνα ποιῆσαι στρεβλόν prev. author “Rh.” 1354a26.
__3.b ruler, Anthologia Graeca 6.63.2 (Damocharis Epigrammaticus).
__3.c metaphorically, κανόνες καὶ πήχεις ἐπῶν Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 799; λαμπρὰ μὲν ἀκτὶς ἡλίου, κ. σαφής Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 650.
__4 beam or tongue of the balance, στῆσαι ἐκ κανόνος “Anthologia Graeca” 11.334, cf. Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 811.
__5 curtain-rod, Chares Historicus “fragment” 4J.
__6 in plural, reeds of a wind-organ, “Anthologia Graeca” 9.365 (Julianus Imperator Imp.).
__7 bed-post, LXX.Jdt.13.6.
__8 in plural, poles from which the ancilia were suspended when carried, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 2.71.
__9 plural, bars of a window, “PSI” 5.547.9 (3rd c.BC).
__10 in Music, monochord, κατατομὴ κανόνος, title of work by Euclides Geometra, compare Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Mus.” p.100K., Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Harmonica - Opera Mathematica” 1.8, 2.12; ὀκτάχορδος, πεντεκαιδεκάχορδος κ., prev. work 2.2, 3.1 at Title Page
__11 cross-bar of κιθάρα, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus inHarm.p.207.
__II metaphorically, rule, standard, κανόνι τοῦ καλοῦ μαθών Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 602; γνώμης πονηροῖς κανόσιν ἀναμετρούμενος τὸ σῶφρον prev. author “El.” 52; κανόνα προσάγειν Lucianus Sophista “Hist. Conscr.” 5 ; of the law, Lycurgus Orator 9 ; ὁ σπουδαῖος.. ὥσπερ κ. καὶ μέτρον αὐτῶν (i.e. καλῶν καὶ ἡδέων) ὤν Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1113a33, compare Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 3.4.5; τὴν ἐλευθερίαν καὶ τὸ μηδέν᾽ ἔχειν δεσπότην αὑτῶν, ἃ τοῖς προτέροις Ἕλλησιν ὅροι τῶν ἀγαθῶν ἦσαν καὶ κανόνες Demosthenes Orator 18.296; ὡς κανόνι τῷ πάθει πᾶν ἀγαθὸν κρίνοντες Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 3p.63U. ; ὁ Ἐπικούρου κ. his treatise on Logic, prev. author “fragment” 34, Damoxenus Comicus 2.15 ; ὁ τῆς φιλοσοφίας κ. LXX.4Mac.7.21: Κανόνες, οἱ , title of treatise by Democritus; of a philosophic principle, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 312.
__II.2 in Art, model, standard, ὁ κ., a statue by Polyclitus which furnished a model of proportions, Plinius Rerum Naturalium Scriptor “Historia Naturalis” 34.55 ; also his treatise on the same, Chrysippus Stoicus 3.122 (adnot.) ; also in Literature, Ἡρόδοτος τῆς Ἰάδος ἄριστος κ., Θουκυδίδης δὲ τῆς Ἀτθίδος Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Epistula ad Pompeium” 3.
__II.2.c of a person, severe critic, κ. scriptorum, Cicero, M. Tullius Orator et Philosophus “Epistulae ad Familiares” 16.17.1.
__II.3 Grammars, general rule, AB 1180, Choeroboscus Grammaticus inTheod.2 p.xxi; paradigm, οἱ κ. τῶν ὀνομάτων Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 141.25.
__II.3.b metrical scheme showing all possible forms of a verse, Hephaestio Grammaticus 14.1, al.
__II.4 in Astronomy and Chronology, table of dates, κανόνες Χρονικοί Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 27 ; singular, κανών, ὁ, system of chronology, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 1.74.
__II.4.b astrological table, κανόνων καὶ εἰσόδων πήξεις Vettius Valens Astrologus 108.19.
__II.5 limit, boundary, explanation as τὸ μέτρον τοῦ πηδήματος, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 3.151.
__II.5.b 'province', sphere of action, NT.2Cor.10.15.
__II.6 assessment for taxation, “PLond.” 1.99.5 (4th c.AD) , etc.; οἱ δεσποτικοὶ κ. the Imperial taxes, prev. work 234.9 (4th c.AD) ; ἰδιωτικὸς κ. “POxy.” 2124.10 (4th c.AD).
__II.7 tariff, Stud.Pal. 20.143.5 (5th-6th c.AD).

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