G2588 καρδία
hart
Taal: Grieks

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Hart (lichaamsdeel),

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kardia,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly for לֵב H3820, לֵבָב H3820;] the heart 1. the bodily organ which is regarded as the seat of life (II Ki 18:14, IV Ki 9:24, al.). 2. In a psychological sense, the seat of man's collective energies, the focus of personal life, the seat of the rational as well as the emotional and volitional elements in human life, hence that wherein lies the moral and religious condition of the man (DB, ii, 317 f.; DGG, ii, 344a (a) of the seat of physical life (Jg 19:5, Ps 101 (102):5 103 (104):15): Ac 14:17, Ja 5:5; (b) of the seat of spiritual life: Mt 5:8, Mk 7:19, Lk 1:51, Ac 5:3, Ro 10:9, 10, Eph 6:5, al.; pl., Mt 9:4, Mk 2:6, al.; opp. to στόμα, χείλεα, πρόσωπον, Mt 15:8, Mk 7:6, Ro 10:8, 9, II Co 5:12; περιτομὴ καρδίας, Ro 2:29; ἐκ κ., Ro 6:17, I Pe 1:22; ἀπὸ τῶν κ., Mt 18:35; ἐν ὅλῃ (ἐξ ὅλης), Mt 22:37, Mk 12:30(LXX); γινώσκειν (ἐρευνᾶν, δοκιμάζειν) τὰς κ., Lk 16:15, Ro 8:27, I Th 2:4; to think, etc., ἐν τ. κ., Mt 9:4, Mk 2:6, Lk 12:45, Ro 10:6; συνιέναι (νοεῖν) τῇ κ., Mt 13:15, Jo 12:40; ἐπαχύνθη ἡ κ., Mt 13:15(LXX); πωροῦν τὴν κ., Jo 12:40; κ. εὐθεῖα, Ac 8:21 πονηρά, He 3:12; ἀμετανόητος, Ro 2:5; εἶναι (ἔχειν) ἐν τῇ κ., II Co 7:3, Phl 1:7; ὀδύνη τῇ κ., Ro 9:2. 3. Of the central or innermost part of anything (of the pith of wood, Arist.): τ. γῆς, Mt 12:40 (Cremer, 343 ff.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

καρδί-α, ἡ,
  Ionic dialect καρδίη, Epic dialect κρᾰδίη (καρδίη in Homerus Epicus only in καρδίῃ ἄλληκτον πολεμίζειν ἠδὲ μάχεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.452, al., καρδία always in Trag., except in some dact. and anapaest meter verses, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 881, “Th.” 781, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 99, “Hipp.” 1274) ; Aeolic dialect κάρζα “Etymologicum Magnum” 407.21 (but καρδία Sappho Lyrica 2.6); Cypria κορζία (Paph.), 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus (perhaps κόρζα) :—heart, ἐν δέ τέ οἱ κραδίη μεγάλα στέρνοισι πατάσσει Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.282; κραδίη δέ μοι ἔξω στηθέων ἐκθρῴσκει, of one panic-stricken, 10.94 ; πηδᾷ ἡ κ. Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 215e, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1391 (Lyric poetry) : especially as the seat of feeling and passion, as rage or anger, οἰδάνεται κραδίη Χόλῳ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.646; τέτλαθι δή, κραδίη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.18, compare Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 837 ; καρδίης πλέως full of heart, Archilochus Lyricus 58.4 ; of fear or courage, κυνὸς ὄμματ᾽ ἔχων, κραδίην δ᾽ ἐλάφοιο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.225 ; σφηκῶν κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἔχοντες 16.266; ἐν μέν οἱ κραδίῃ θάρσος βάλε 21.547, etc.; ὀρχεῖται καρδία φόβῳ Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 166; θερμὴν ἐπὶ ψυχροῖσι κ. ἔχεις Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 88 ; τὸν νέον τίνα οἴει κ. ἴσχει; what do you think are his feelings? Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 492c ; of sorrow or joy, ἐν κραδίῃ μέγα πένθος ἄεξε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.489; κ. καὶ θυμὸς ἰάνθη 4.548; ἄχος κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἵκανεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.171, compare 10.10, Bacchylides Lyricus 10.85, etc.; καρδίην ἰαίνεται Archilochus Lyricus 36 ; κελαινόχρως.. πάλλεταί μου κ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 785; ὦ τάλαινα κ. ψυχή τ᾽ ἐμή Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 466 ; of love, Sapph. same place, etc.; ἐκ τῆς κ. φιλεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 86 ; φιλέειν ἀπὸ κ. Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 29.4 (but ἐρεῖν τἀπὸ κ . to speak freely, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 475) ; λαλῆσαι ἐπὶ καρδίαν τινός speak kindly to.., LXX.Judg.19.3.
__2 inclination, desire, purpose, ἔμ᾽ ὀτρύνει κραδίη καὶ θυμός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.220 ; πρόφρων κ. ἐν πάντεσσι πόνοισι prev. work 244; καρδίας δ᾽ ἐξίσταμαι Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1105.
__3 mind, ὡς ἄνοον κραδίην ἔχες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.441; κραδίη πόρφυρε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.572; κραδίη προτιόσσετ᾽ ὄλεθρον 5.389; εἰ θεάσῃ τοῖς τῆς καρδίας ὀφθαλμοῖς “Corpus Hermeticum” 4.11 , compare 7.2; διαλογισμοὶ ἀναβαίνουσι ἐν τῇ κ. NT.Luke.24.38.
__II cardiac orifice of the stomach, Thucydides Historicus 2.49, Hippocrates Medicus “προρρητικόν” 1.72, Galenus Medicus 8.338, al.
__III heart in wood, pith, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 3.14.1 ; ={ἐντεριώνη}, prev. work 1.2.6; ἀρτεμισίας μονοκλώνου καρδίας ζ “PMag.Berol.” 1.245, compare “PMag. Leid.V.” 13.24; λαβὼν βάϊν Χλωρὰν καὶ τῆς κ. κρατήσας σχίσον εἰς δύο “PMag.Leid.W.” 6.51.
__IV metaphorically, κ. θαλάσσης depths of the sea, LXX.Eze.27.4.
__V Κ. Λέοντος, name of the star “Regulus”, Geminus Astronomicus 3.5. (I.- Euripides Tragicus kcircṛd-, cf. Latin cor(d)-, Lithuanian širdis 'heart', etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks σκληροκαρδία G4641 "hardheid, verstoktheid van hart";

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