G2597 καταβαίνω
afdalen van, beneden gaan (naar)
Taal: Grieks

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katabaino̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κατα-βαίνω, [in LXX chiefly for ירד H3381;] to go or come down, descend 1. Of persons: Mt 3:16 24:17, Lk 2:51 6:17 10:31 17:31 19:5, 6, Jo 4:47, 49, 51 5:7, Ac 7:34 8:15 10:20 20:10 23:10 24:1, 22, Eph 4:10; seq. ἀπό, Mt 8:1 14:29 27:40, 42, Mk 3:22 15:30, Lk 10:30, Jo 6:38, Ac 25:7, I Th 4:16; ἐκ, Mt 17:9; ἐκ τ. οὐρανοῦ, Mt 28:2, Mk 9:9, Jo 1:32 3:13 6:33, 41, 42, 6:50, 51, 58, Re 10:1 18:1 20:1; εἰς, Mk 1:10, Lk 10:30 18:14, Jo 2:12, Ac 7:15 8:38 14:25 16:8 18:22 25:6, Ro 10:7, Eph 4:9; ἐπί, c. acc. loc., Jo 6:16; c. acc. pers., Lk 3:22, Jo 1:33, 52; ἐν, Jo 5:[4]; πρός, c. acc. pers., Ac 10:21 14:11, Re 12:12. 2. Of things: σκεῦος, Ac 10:11 11:5; βροχή, Mt 7:25, 27; λαῖλαψ, Lk 8:23; seq. ἀπό, Lk 9:54, Ac 8:26, Ja 1:17; ἐπὶ τ. γῆν, Lk 22:44 (WH, R, mg., reject); ἐκ τ. οὐρανοῦ seq. ἀπό, Re 3:12 21:2, 10; id. seq. εἰς, Re 13:13; ἐπί, c. acc. pers., Re 16:21. Fig., κ. ἕως ᾅδου, Mt 11:23, Lk 10:15, WH, txt., Tr., mg. (καταβιβασθήση, T, WH, mg., RV), (cf. συν-καταβαίνω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

καταβαίνω,
  Doric dialect κᾰβαίνω Alcman Lyricus 38 : future -βήσομαι Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 750, etc.: perfect -βέβηκ; Boeotian dialect participle καταβεβάων “IG” 7.3055 : aorist κατέβην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.541, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.43, etc. ; poetry 3rd.pers. plural κατέβαν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.329, κατέβησαν LXX.2Ki.23.13; imper. κατάβηθι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.20, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 873 +8th c.BC+, Laconian dialect κάβασι 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus, κατάβᾱ Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 979, “Ra.” 35 ; Epic dialect 1st pers. plural subjunctive καταβήομεν (variant{-βείομεν}) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.97 ; late 3rd.pers. singular optative κατάβοι LXX.2Ki.1.21 (codex B), 1st cConon Historicus 45.2J. +1st c.BC+; poetry participle καββάς Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.51 ; Epic dialect infinitive καταβήμεναι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.19 :—middle, Epic dialect aorist 1 κατεβήσετο 6.288, 13.17, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.337, al. (with variant{κατεβήσατο}) ; imperative καταβήσεο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.109 :—go or come down from.., with genitive, πόλιος κ. 24.329 ; οὐρανόθεν κ . 11.184; Παρνασοῦ Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.43, etc. : also with Preps., ἐξ ὄρεος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.17; ἐς πεδίον 3.252, etc.: also with acc. loci, θάλαμον κατεβήσετο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.337 ; κ. Ἀΐδαν, Ἀΐδα δόμον, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 822 (anap.), Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 913 (Lyric poetry); but κατέβην δόμον Ἄϊδος εἴσω Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.252 (later absolutely, die, Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 38.16) ; ἔσω κ. Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 750: also with acc. in quite different senses, κατέβαιν᾽ ὑπερώϊα she came down from the upper floor, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.206, 23.85 ; κλίμακα κατεβήσετο came down the ladder, 1.330 (κ. κατὰ τῆς κλίμακος Lysias Orator 1.9) ; ξεστὸν ἐφόλκαιον καταβάς having got down by the lading-plank, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.350: abs., καταβαίνειν δ᾽ οὐ σχολή come downstairs, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 409 ; especially
__1 dismount from a chariot or from horseback, δίφρου Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.109; ἐκ τῆς ἁρμαμάξης Herodotus Historicus 9.76; ἀφ᾽ ἁρμάτων Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.51; ἀπὸ τοῦ ἵππου Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.5.6 ; but κ. ἀπὸ τῶν ἵππων give up riding, Demosthenes Orator 42.24, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 49.1: —hence in passive, ἵππος καταβαίνεται the horse is dismounted from, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 11.7.
__2 go down from the inland parts to the sea, especially from central Asia compare (ἀναβαίνω 11.3), Herodotus Historicus 1.94, etc. ; also from Athens, κ. ἐς Πειραιᾶ, ἐς λιμένα, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 327a, “Tht.” 142a.
__3 go down into the scene of contest, γυμνὸν ἐπὶ στάδιον κ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 11.49 ; κ. ἐπ᾽ αὐτὸ τοῦτο (i.e. τὸ ἀεθλεύειν) Herodotus Historicus 5.22 : absolutely, = Latin in certamen descendere, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 3.42, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 504 (Lyric poetry), Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.8.27 ; compare καταβατέο; μέτρῳ καταβαίνειν 'seek no more contests' (μέτρῳ by litotes for μή), Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.78 ; μεθ᾽ ὅπλων κ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 834c.
__4 of an orator, come down from the tribune, Lysias Orator 12.92, Demosthenes Orator 19.23, etc.; rarely in full, κ. ἀπὸ τοῦ βήματος prev. work113; so κατάβα.--καταβήσομαι Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 979 ; later, also κ. ἀπὸ τοῦ λόγου, ἀπὸ τῶν ἰαμβείων, to cease from.., Lucianus Sophista “Tox.” 35, “Nec.” 1.
__5 less frequently of things, πρὶν.. καταβήμεναι ἐκ Διὸς οὖρον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.19 ; of tears, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 111 (eleg.) ; of streams, Plato Philosophus “Critias” 118d ; of the womb, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 582b24 ; πόσσω κατέβα τοι ἀφ᾽ ἱστ; at what price did the robe come down from the loom? Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.35 ; of the heavenly bodies, set, Vettius Valens Astrologus 31.3.
__II metaphorically,
__II.1 attain, πόμπιμον κατέβαινε νόστου τέλος Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 3.25; κ. ἐπὶ τελευτήν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 511b : absolutely, attain one's end, ἐν φάει κ. Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.38 ; simply, come to, arrive at in course of speaking, κατέβαινε ἐς λιτάς he ended with prayer, Herodotus Historicus 1.116: usually with participle, κατέβαινε αὖτις παραιτεόμενος prev. work 90, compare 118, 9.94 ; καταβάς, of a writer, Eunapius Historicus “Vitae Sophistarum” p.454B.
__II.2 κ. εἰς.. conform to, εἰς τοὺς Χρόνους κ. τούτους Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1335a11.
__II.3 condescend, Timocles Comicus 1.2 Demosthenes Orator
__II.4 fall in value, POxy. 1223.33 (4th c.AD),compare 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 1.51.
__II.5 λέγεται μηδὲν αὐτοῖς τούτων καταβαίνειν, of abusive language, does not affect them or get home, Chrysippus Stoicus 2.242.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks βάσις G939 "gang, lopen, allure"; Grieks συγκαταβαίνω G4782 "samen of tegelijk afdalen";

Literatuur


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