G2602_καταβολή
funderen, neerwerpen, neerleggen
Taal: Grieks

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Komt 11x voor in 7 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

katabolē, zn. vr., van καταβάλλω G2598; TDNT 3:620,418


1) het neerwerpen van, vandaar "zaaien" (Corp. Herm. 9.6), "krijgen" (Philol. 13; Luc. Am.19; cf. Hebr. 11:11); 1b) afbetalen (Demosthenes, Against Neaera, 59.27), geld betalen als borg (Demosthenes, Against Pantaenetus, 22); 2) het leggen van een fundament (LXX 2 Mak. 2.29; Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 12.2.9); 2a) fundering, begin (Polybius, Histories, 13.6.2; Mat. 13:35; Ef. 1:4); 3) periodieke aanval v.e. ziekte (Plato, Gorgias, 519a; Demosthenes, Philippic, 9:29)


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

** κατα-βολή, -ῆς, ἡ (< καταβάλλω), [in LXX: II Mac 2:29*;] 1. a laying down: εἰς κ. σπέρματος, He 11:11 (EV, to conceive seed). 2. a foundation (of a house, II Mac 2:29): metaph., ἀπὸ κ. κόσμου, Mt 13:35(LXX) (om. κόσμου, WH, R, mg.), Mt 25:34, Lk 11:50, He 4:3 9:26, Re 13:8 17:8; πρὸ κ. κόσμου, Jo 17:24, Eph 1:4, I Pe 1:20.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

καταβολ-ή, ἡ,
  throwing down: hence, sowing, Corp.Herm. 9.6 ; especially of begetting, κ. σπέρματος, σπερμάτων, Philolaus Philosophus 13, Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 19, cf. NT.Heb.11.11, Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.13.3 ; ἡ Ῥωμύλου σπορὰ καὶ κ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.320b.
__b congenital defect, ἀπὸ ξυγγενικῆς αἰτίας καὶ κ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Timoleon” 37.
__c Astrology texts, nativity, ἡ ἐξ ἀρχῆς κ. Vettius Valens Astrologus 220.29, al.
__2 paying down, especially by instalments, καταβάλλειν τὰς κ. Demosthenes Orator 59.27 ; τὸ ἀργύριον ἔφερε καταβολὴν τῇ πόλει paid money as a deposit (by way of caution), Docum. prev. work 37.22, compare “IG” 12(7).515.26 (Amorgos, 2nd c.BC), “UPZ” 112v12 (pl., 2nd c.BC) , etc.; ἔχειν τῆς γῆς.. καταβολήν liability for rent, Elephantine Papyri 23.17 (3rd c.BC) : plural, instalments, PLips. 12.17 (3rd c.AD), etc.
__II laying of a foundation: hence, building, structure, LXX.2Mac.2.29; τῆς ἀρχιτεκτονίας Bito Mechanicus 49.2; ἔργου Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 12.2.9: but usually metaph., +3rd c.BC+
__II.1 foundation, beginning, ἱερῶν ἀγώνων Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 2.4; τῆς περιόδου Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 352b15; κ. ἐποιεῖτο καὶ θεμέλιον ὑπεβάλλετο τυραννίδος Polybius Historicus 13.6.2; κ. κόσμου NT.Matt.13.35, NT.Eph.1.4; κ.κοσμική “Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum” 8(3).138 (Thessal.); ἡ πρώτη κ. τῆς φιλοσόφου θεωρίας Proclus Philosophus in Alc.Praef.p.8C.; ἐκ καταβολῆς from the foundations: hence, anew, σκάφη ἐκ κ. ἐναυπηγοῦντο, of fresh construction, Polybius Historicus 1.36.8 ; ἐκ κ. πλάττων, of pure invention, prev. author 15.25.35 : hence, of set purpose, deliberately, prev. author 1.47.7, 24.8.9.
__II.2 ={θυσία},{τελετή}, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus, compare κατηβολή.
__III periodical attack of illness, fit, τῆς ἀσθενείας Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 519a, compare κατηβολ; πυρετοῦ Demosthenes Orator 9.29, Philo Judaeus 1.399, 2.563, compare Aristides Rhetor “Orationes” 50(26).59, prev. author 2.166J.; trance, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 1.16 ; cf. Latin catabolicus.
__IV detraction, abuse, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2.56S.: pl., Philo Judaeus 2.571 codices
__V perhaps outer wrapper compare (κατάβλημα 11.4) of a bandage, Hippocrates Medicus “κατ᾽ ἰητρεῖον” 9.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks καταβάλλω G2598 "neerwerpen, omlaagwerpen, fundering (neer)leggen";

Literatuur


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