G2608 κατάγνυμι
breken, verbrijzelen, stuk slaan
Taal: Grieks

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katagnymi,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κατ-άγνυμι, [in LXX for נחת H5181 pi., etc.;] to break: c. acc. rei, Mt 12:20(LXX), Jo 19:31-33.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κατ-άγνῡμι,
  infinitive -ύναι ῠ Thucydides Historicus 4.11, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 265e ; καταγνύω Eubulus Comicus 107.14, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 6.5 ; late present κατάσσω, κατεάσσω (which see): future κατάξω Eupolis Comicus 323 : aorist κατέαξα Homerus Epicus, etc. (see. below) ; Ionic dialect κατῆξα Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.26 ; 3rd.pers. singular subjunctive κατάξει “SIG” 38.37 (Teos, 5th c.BC) ; participle κατάξας (Dobree for κατεάξας) Lysias Orator 3.42, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.526b (variant{κατεάξας},{κατάγξας}) ; Epic dialect optative καυάξαις ={καϝϝάξαις} for κατ-ϝάξαις, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 666, 693 :—passive, κατάγνῠμαι Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀγμῶν” 45, “Art.” 67, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 703 : imperfect κατεάγνυτο Epicurus Philosophus “De rerum natura - Wien. Stud.” 113G.: aorist 2 κατεάγην probably ᾰ Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1428, subjunctive κατ-ᾱγῶ (contraction from κατᾰ-ϝᾰγ-) prev. author “fragment” 604, probably in prev. author “Ach.” 928, opt. κατᾱγείην prev. work 944 ; participle καταγείς probably ᾱ “IG” 2.1673.33, 39, al., later κατᾰγέντος “APl.” 4.187 : future καταγήσομαι “Cat.Codex Astr.” 8(4) .129: perfect κατέᾱγα, Ionic dialect κατέηγα Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 67 (in Pass. sense) ; participle κατεαγώς, written κατειαγώς “IG” 22.1673.55, contr. κατηγώς Phoenix5.1: perfect passive κατέαγμαι Lucianus Sophista “Tim.” 10, Pausanias Periegeta 8.46.5, Artemidorus Daldianus Onirocriticus 5.32 : aorist 1 κατεάχθην LXX.Jer.31(48).25 ; infinitive καταχθῆναι Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 640a22 ; participle καταχθείς Anonymus Londinensis 26.52, Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 11.82.--The forms κατέαξα, κατεάγην led the copyists to insert the ε in unaugmented forms, as κατεάξας Lysias Orator same place, κατεαγῇ Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 50, κατεαγῆναι Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 469d , and such forms were in use in later Gr., as κατεάξει NT.Matt.12.20, κατεαγῶσιν NT.John.19.31, κατέαξαν “BGU” 908.25 (2nd c.AD):— break in pieces, shatter, κατά θ᾽ ἅρματα ἄξω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.403; ἄξονα Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 693 ; τὸ (i.e. ἔγχος) γὰρ κατεάξαμεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.257; νέα μέν μοι κατέαξε Ποσειδάων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.283, compare Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 666; εἴ τινες μαχεσάμενοι ἔτυχον ἀλλήλων κατάξαντες τὰς κεφαλάς Lysias Orator 3.42; κατάξειέ τις αὐτοῦ μεθύων τὴν κεφαλήν Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1166 codex R (variant{τῆς κεφαλῆς}, compare οὐ γὰρ κατάξει τῆς κεφαλῆς τὰ ῥήματα Eupolis Comicus 323, κατῆξε τῶν πλευρέων Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.26, see entry near the end) ; κατάξω τὴν κεφαλήν, ἄνθρωπέ, σου Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 173; γυνὴ κατέαξ᾽ ἐχῖνον Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1436; Ναξίαν ἀμυγδάλην κατᾶξαι Phrynichus Atticista Comedy texts 68; τὰς ἀμυγδαλᾶς.. κάταξον τῇ κεφαλῇ σαυτοῦ λίθῳ Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 590 : metaphorically, break up into species, μὴ κ. μηδὲ κερματίζειν τὴν ἀρετήν Plato Philosophus “Meno” 79a.
__2 weaken, enervate, πατρίδα θ᾽, ἢν αὔξειν Χρεὼν καὶ μὴ κατᾶξαι Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 508; τὰς ψυχὰς καταγνύουσι Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 6.5: abs. in perfect participle κατεαγώς effeminate, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 18, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 12.524f ; αὐλητὴς τῶν κ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Demosthenes” 4; κ. μουσική Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 6.14.
__II passive with perfect active, to be broken, δόρατα κατεηγότα Herodotus Historicus 7.224; ὀστέα Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀγμῶν” 8; κληΐς prev. author “Art.” 14; περὶ δ᾽ ἐμῷ κάρᾳ κατάγνυται τὸ τεῦχος Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 565.3; κατέαγεν ἡ Χύτρα Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 403 ; especially καταγῆναι τὴν κεφαλήν have one's head broken, Andocides Orator 1.61, Lysias Orator 3.14; τὴν κεφαλὴν κατεαγέναι Demosthenes Orator 54.35: Comedy texts, στάμνου κεφαλὴν κατεαγότος Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 545; τὸ κρανίον Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 684; τὸ σκάφιον Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 604 ; κατεαγέναι or κατάγνυσθαι τὰ ὦτα, of pugilists, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 515e, “Prt.” 342b; τὴν κλεῖν κατεαγώς Demosthenes Orator 18.67: also with gen. _partitive_ (οὐ πᾶσαν τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀλλὰ μέρος τι αὐτῆς Herodianus Grammaticus “Philet.” p.448 P.), τῆς κεφαλῆς κατέαγε περὶ λίθῳ πεσών Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1180 ; κατεάγη τῆς κ. prev. author “V.” 1428 ; τῆς κ. καταγῆναι (-εαγῆναι, -εαγέναι codices) δεῖν Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 469d; κατέαγα τοῦ κρανίου Lucianus Sophista “Tim.” 48 : metaphorically, to be shattered, of an argument, Epicurus Philosophus same place

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ῥήγνυμι G4486 "verscheuren, stukscheuren, vervormen, verwringen, schokken";

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