G2736 κάτω
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Taal: Grieks

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kato̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κάτω, adv. (< κατά), [in LXX for מַטָּה H4295, מִתַּחַת H8478 and cogn. forms;] 1. down, downwards (with verbs of motion), Mt 4:6, Lk 4:9, Jo 8:[6, 8], Ac 20:9. 2. below, beneath: Mk 14:66, Ac 2:19(LXX); ἕως κ. (Ez 1:27, al.), Mt 27:51, Mk 15:38; τὰ κ. (opp. to τ. ἄνω), Jo 8:23. Compar. κατωτέρω: ἀπὸ διετοῦς καὶ κ. (cf. I Ch 27:23), Mt 2:16.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κάτω,
  adverb, (κατά):
__I with Verbs implying Motion, downwards, ἐπισκύνιον κ. ἕλκεται Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.136; κ. ὁρόων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.91; κατὰ τείχεος κ. ῥίπτειν Herodotus Historicus 8.53; κατώρυξέν με κατὰ τῆς γῆς κ. Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 238; χώρει κ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 74; κ. δάκρυ᾽ εἰβομένη Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 527 (anap.), compare Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 384 ; especially of the nether world, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 839, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 197, etc. ; κ. βλέπειν, φέρεσθαι, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 500b, 584e ; κ. διεχώρει αὐτοῖς they suffered from diarrhoea, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.8.20, compare Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.20 ; φάρμακον πῖσαι κ. give a purgative, prev. author “Aff.” 32, compare 15 ; κ. βοηθεῖν go down to help, Demosthenes Orator 32.5 ; for ἄνω καὶ κάτω, ἄνω κάτω, etc., see at {ἄνω} (B) Aeschylus Tragicus 11.2.
__I.2 downwards, in a chain of causes, ἐπὶ τὸ κ. ἰέναι Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 994a19.
__I.3 with genitive, down from, πετρῶν ὦσαι κ. Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 448 .
__II with Verbs implying Rest (so more frequently in Prose), beneath, below, opposed to ἄνω, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 301, etc.: ὁ τόπος ὁ κ. καλούμενος Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 112c.
__II.b in the world below, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 660, “OC” 1563 (Lyric poetry) , etc.; οἱ κ. the dead, prev. author “Aj.” 865, “Ant.” 75, etc.; οἱ κ. θεοί prev. author “El.” 292, compare Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 851.
__II.c geographically below, southward, Herodotus Historicus, see at {ἄνω} (B) Aeschylus Tragicus 11.1e ; also κ. οἰκεῖν to dwell on the coast, Thucydides Historicus 1.7; οἱ κ., opposed to οἱ τὴν μεσόγειαν κατῳκημένοι, prev. work 120 ; ἡ. κ. Γαλατία lower Galatia, Plu “Aem.” 9, etc.; βασιλεὺς τῶν τε ἄνω καὶ τῶν κ. χωρῶν “OGI” 90.3 (Rosetta, 2nd c.BC).
__II.d in the race-course, τὰ κ. the starting-place, opposed to τὰ ἄνω (the goal), Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 613b.
__II.e τὰ κ. τῶν μελῶν the lower limbs of the body, prev. author “Lg.” 794d ; ἡ κ. κοιλία, opposed to ἡ ἄνω, Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 360b24. “PA” 676a5 ; περὶ τὰ κ. χωρεῖν miscarry, fail, Lucianus Sophista “Ind.” 1.
__II.f of Time, afterwards, later, Aelianus “Varia Historia” 5.13; οἱ κ. χρόνοι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Coriolanus” 25 ; οἱ κ., opposed to οἱ πάλαι, Lucianus Sophista “Hipp.” 1 ; τοῦ χρόνου κ. later in time, Aelianus “Varia Historia” 3.17, “NA” 2.18; Δαρεῖος ὁ κ. prev. work 6.48 ; compare ἄνω (B) Aeschylus Tragicus 11.1i.
__II.g in Logic, τὰ κ. the lower members in a descending series of genera and species, Aristoteles Philosophus “Anthologia Graeca” 0.97a31, “Metaph.” 992a18.
__III with genitive, under, below, κ. χθονός, γῆς, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 1023, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 968, etc.
__IV comparative κατωτέρω lower, downwards, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 70, Alexander Rhetor 173.2 : with genitive, lower than, below, Herodotus Historicus 8.132.
__IV.2 superlative κατωτάτω at the lowest part, τὰ κ. prev. author 2.125 (but in signification 11.g, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ σημείων καὶ σημειώσεων” 29).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κατά G2596 "neer, omlaag langs iets, volgens"; Grieks κατώτερος G2737 "lager"; Grieks ὑποκάτω G5270 "upokatw";

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