G2756 κενός
leeg, ijdel, verstoken van, vruchteloos
Taal: Grieks

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kenos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κενός, -ή, -όν, [in LXX chiefly for ריק H7385 and cognate forms;] empty (Ge 37:24, Jg 7:16 (a) empty, vain: λόγοι, Eph 5:6; ἀπάτη, Col 2:8; κήρυγμα, πίστις, I Co 15:14; (b) vain, fruitless: ἡ χάρις, I Co 15:10; κόπος, I Co 15:58; ἡ εἴσοδος, I Th 2:1; κενά, Ac 4:25(LXX); εἰς κενόν, in vain, to no purpose (Diod., LXX; cl. διὰ κενῆς), II Co 6:1, Ga 2:2, Phl 2:16, I Th 3:5; (c) of persons, empty-handed: Mk 12:3, Lk 1:53 20:10, 11; vain, Ja 2:20.†

SYN.: μάταιος G3152, of the aim or effect of an action, κ. of its quality (Lft. on Cl. Rom., I Co., § 7; Tr., Syn., xlix).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κενός, ή, όν,
  Ionic dialect and poetry κεινός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.376, 4.181, 11.160, 15.453, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.65, 3.45, Herodotus Historicus 1.73, al. ; Epic dialect also κενεός, as always in Homerus Epicus (except in Il. same places, and κενός Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.249 (assuming variant, perhaps κενέ᾽ εὔγματα or κείν᾽ εὔγματα)), also Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 7.24, Melissus Philosophus 7, Timo 20.2 (Comp.) , and in Doric dialect, “IG” 42(1).121.73 (Epid., 4th c.BC) ; Aeolic dialect κέννος, accusative to Greg. Cor.p.610 Sophocles Tragicus: Sup. κεννότατος Scholia Tz.in “Anecdota Graeca - MSS. Bibl. Oxon.” 3.356.18 ; but οἱ Αἰολεῖς.. οὐ λέγουσι κέννος Choerob.in “Anecdota Graeca - MSS. Bibl. Oxon.” 2.242, cf. Hdn.Gr.2.302, and the true Aeol. is probably κένος or κένεος , from κενϝος, kenevos, compare Cypria κενευϝός “Schwyzer” 683.4.
__I mostly of things, empty, opposed to πλέως, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 280 ; opposed to πλήρης, prev. author “Nu.” 1054 ; opposed to μεστός, Diphilus Comicus 12; κενεὰς σὺν χεῖρας ἔχοντες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.42; νοστήσαντας κεινῇσι χερσί Herodotus Historicus 1.73; κεναῖς χερσίν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 796b (see. below 11.2) ; τὸ κ. (i.e. τάλαντον) the empty one, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 488.5; κ. οἴκησις Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 31; γῆ prev. author “OT” 55; εὐνή prev. author “Ant.” 424 ; χώματα κεινά, ={κενοτάφια}, Herodotus Historicus 9.85; κ. τάφος Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1057 ; κατέθισαν ἐπὶ κενευϝῶν (i.e. τάφων genitive singular) “Schwyzer” prev. cited (Cypria) ; κ. χρόνος a pause in music, Anon. Bellerm. 83; σφυγμὸς κ. Agathinus Medicus cited in Galenus Medicus 8.936 ; of wool and wine, uncertain meaning in Archigenes Medicus cited in Galenus Medicus 8.945 ; τὸ κ. the void of space, Democritus Epigrammaticus 9, Meliss. same place, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 13, al., Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.6U., etc. ; τὸ κ., ={τόπος ἐστερημένος σώματος}, Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 208b26, compare 213a13 ff., “Cael.” 279a13; κ. χώρα Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 58a ; ἢν κενεὸν λάβῃ ἡ διακοπή if it penetrates the (brain-) cavity, Hippocrates Medicus “Aph.” same place; especiallyAstrology texts, not occupied by a planet, κ. δρόμος 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 2.452, compareVett. Val. 94.27 ; compare κενοδρομέω.
__I.2 empty, fruitless, void, κενὰ εὔγματα εἰπών Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.249 (see. above) ; ἐλπίς, ἐλπίδες, Simonides Lyricus 5.16, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 804; γνώμα Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.40, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 753; ἔξοδοι prev. author “Aj.” 287; φροντίδες prev. author “fragment” 949 ; τέρψις prev. work 577; φόβοι Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 548, compare Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.2.21; φρόνημα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 494d, etc.; κ. πρόφασις καὶ ψευδής Demosthenes Orator 18.150; λοιδορία κ. prev. author 2.5; μάταιον καὶ κ. prev. work12; κενὸν ἆρα καὶ τὸ φάρμακον πρὸς τὸ κ. probably in Menander Comicus 530.19 ; ἀπόντων κενὴν κατηγορεῖν bring an idle charge, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Respiratione” 470b12 ; ineffectual, λύγξ Thucydides Historicus 2.49 ; πουλυμαθημοσύνης, τῆς οὐ κενεώτερον ἄλλο Timo same place; πολλὰ κ. τοῦ πολέμου Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1116b7; κ. δόξαι Epicurus Philosophus “Sententiae” 15 ; ἐπιθυμίαι, opposed to φυσικαί, prev. author “Ep.” 3p.62U., Diogenes Oenoandensis Epicureus 59; κ. ὀρέξεις Metrodorus Epigrammaticus “Herc.” 831.16; frequently in adverbial usages, neut. pl., κενεὰ πνεύσαις Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).93 ; ἡ διὰ κενῆς ἐπανάσεισις τῶν ὅπλων empty flourishing of arms, Thucydides Historicus 4.126 ; διὰ κενῆς ῥίπτειν throw without a projectile, Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 881a39 ; κεκλάγγω διὰ κενῆς ἄλλως to no purpose, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 929; μάτην διὰ κ. Plato Comicus 174.21; οὐ μαχοῦμαί σοι διὰ κ. Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 260; ἐν κενοῖς Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 971; κατὰ κενῆς Proclus Philosophus “in Platonis Timaeum commentarii” 2.167 Demosthenes Orator; εἰς κενόν Diodorus Siculus Historicus 19.9, Heliodorus Scriptor Eroticus 10.30; εἰς κ. ἡ δαπάνη “IG” 14.1746; εἰς κ. μοχθεῖν Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 51 ; κατὰ κενοῦ χανεῖν Suid. see at {λύκος ἔχανε; κατὰ κενοῦ φέρειν τὰς χεῖρας} Philo Judaeus 1.153 ; κατὰ κ. βαίνειν, ={κενεμβατεῖν}, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.463c : regular adverb κενῶς, διαλεκτικῶς καὶ κ. Aristoteles Philosophus “de Anima” 403a2; λογικῶς καὶ κ. prev. author “EE” 1217b21; μὴ κ. πόνει Menander Comicus 1101, compare Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 3p.61U., Polystratus Epicureus p.7 W., Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.17.6, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.35e.
__II of persons and things,
__II.1 c.genitive, destitute, bereft, τοῦ νοῦ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 931; φρενῶν prev. author “Ant.” 754; δακρύων Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 230; συμμάχων κ. δόρυ prev. author “Or.” 688; πεδίον κ. δένδρων Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 621a ; κ. φρονήσεως, ἐπιστήμης, prev. author “Ti.” 75a, “R.” 486c ; κ. πόνου without the fruits of toil, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 241.
__II.2 absolutely, empty-handed, αἰσχρόν τοι δηρόν τε μενειν κενεόν τε νέεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.298, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.214 ; ἀπίκατο, οἱ μὲν κεινοί, οἱ δὲ φέροντες κτλ. Herodotus Historicus 7.131; κενὸς κενὸν καλεῖ Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 353 (Lyric poetry); ἥκεις οὐ κενή Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 359, compare “Tr.” 495; οὐθ᾽ ὑπεργέμων.. οὔτε κ. Alexander Rhetor 216 ; of camels, without burdens, unloaded, opposed to ἔγγομοι, “OGI” 629.166 (Pal- myra, 2nd c.AD) ; κ. ἂν ἴῃ.., κ. ἄπεισιν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 370e; κ. τινὰ ἐξαποστεῖλαι LXX.Gen.31.42 +5th c.BC+; bereft of her mate, λέαινα Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 986 ; orphan, Ἔρωτες Bion Bucolicus 1.59 ; ὑπ᾽ ἄσθματος κενοί exhausted.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 484 ; of places, without garrison, χῶραι Aeschines Orator 3.146, compare Herodotus Historicus 5.15 ; of the body, without flesh, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.831c.
__II.2.b devoid of wit, vain, pretentious, κεινὸς εἴην Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.45; διαπτυχθέντες ὤφθησαν κενοί Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 709; ἀνόητον καὶ κ. Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 530, cf. NT.Jam.2.20.
__III comparative and superlative, κενότερος Strattis Comicus 10 Demosthenes Orator ; -ότατος Demosthenes Orator 27.25, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.67 Sophocles Tragicus, al., compare Choeroboscus Grammaticus “Scholia in Theodosii Canones” 2.76, “Etymologicum Magnum” 275.50 ; κενώτερος, -ώτατος, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 175d, variant in Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1107a30 (Comp.) ; κενεώτερος Timo (see. above); κενεώτατος variant in Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 62.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κενόω G2758 "ledigen, leeg maken, ijdel maken, oplossen, vernietigen"; Grieks κενῶς G2761 "hol, leeg, tevergeefs";

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