G2768 κέρας
hoorn, horen
Taal: Grieks

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Woordstudie

'keras, zn o van een grondwoord kar (hoofdhaar); TDNT - 3:669,428;


1) hoorn, horen 1a) van dieren 1b) omdat dieren (vooral stieren) zich met hun hoorns verdedigen, is de hoorn bij de Hebreeën (en andere volken) een symbool van kracht en moed, en wordt zo in allerlei uitdrukkingen gebruikt; 1b1) een sterke en moedige helper, de veroorzaker van bevrijding, van de Messias; 1c) een uitsteeksel in de vorm van een hoorn, een punt: als van een altaar


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κέρας, -ατος (pl. not irreg. as in Attic), τό, [in LXX chiefly for קֶרֶן H7160;] a horn: Re 5:6 12:3 13:1, 11 17:3, 7, 12, 16; of the projections at the corners of the altar (Ex 29:12, al.): Re 9:13. Metaph., as symbol of strength, κ. σωτηρίας (cf. Ps 17 (18):3, al.): Lk 1:69.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κέρᾰς, τό,
  Epic dialect genitive Κέρᾰος, Attic dialect contraction κέρως; Epic dialect dative κέρᾰϊ (elided) or κέραι or κέρᾳ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.385, cf. Hdn.Gr. 2.75, κέρᾳ also in Thucydides Historicus 2.90, 7.6: nominative plural κέρᾱ (see. below), genitive κεράων, κερῶν, dative κέρασι, Ep. κεράεσσι:—Attic dialect Inscrr. have dual κέρατε “IG” 12.301.109: pl. κέρατα prev. work 237.59; later Epic dialect κεράατα ( music notation) Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 291, κεράατος ( music notation) Aratus Epicus 174, 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 6.225; dat. κεράασι musical notation A.R.4.978::—Hdt.has gen. κέρεος 6.111, dat. κέρεϊ 9.102: pl. κέρεα 2.38, κερέων prev. work 132; but Hippocrates Medicus has gen. sg. κέρως, pl. κέρατα, “Aër.” 18. In nom. and acc. κέρας, ᾰ always: in the oblative cases ᾰ in Ep., as κέρᾰσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.384 (in contr. dat. κέρᾱ, nom. pl. κέρᾱ compare (Batrachomyomachia 165) , a is shortened before a vowel, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.385, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.211) ; but ᾱ in Trag.and Comedy texts, κέρᾱτος Hermippus Comicus 43, κέρᾱτα Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 921, κεράτων ᾱ probably in Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 519 (Lyric poetry), κέρᾱσι Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 185. In later Ep. the quantity varies. (κέρας is probably related to κάρα ; compare κεραός.)
__I the horn of an animal, in Homerus Epicus mostly of oxen, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.521, etc.; ταῦροι.. εἰς κέρας θυμούμενοι Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 743 ; ὀφθαλμοὶ δ᾽ ὡς εἰ κέρα ἕστασαν his eyes stood fixed and stiff like horns, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.211 ; as a symbol of strength, LXX.Psa.17(18).3, Diogenianus Paroemiographus 7.89, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 662a1 +4th c.BC+; of elephants' tusks, Aretaeus Medicus “περὶ αἰτιῶν καὶ σημείων χρονίων παθῶν” 2.13, Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 2.494.
__I.2 antennae of crustaceans, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 526a31, 590b27 ; of the silkworm's grub, prev. work 551b10.
__II horn, as a material, αἱ μὲν γὰρ πύλαι κεράεσσι τετεύχαται Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.563 ; the horn of animals' hoofs, 3rd c.AD(?): Longus Scriptor Eroticus 2.28.
__III anything made of horn,
__III.1 bow, τόξον ἐνώμα.. πειρώμενος.. μὴ κέρα ἶπες ἔδοιεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.395, compare Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 25.206, Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 38, “Anthologia Graeca” 6.75 (Paulus Silentiarius Epigrammaticus); for Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.385 see below variant
__III.2 of musical instruments, horn for blowing, σημῆναι τῷ κέρατι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.2.4, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “de Audibilibus” 802a17 ; also, the Phrygian flute, because it was tipped with horn compare (2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 4.74), αὐλεῖν τῷ κ. Lucianus Sophista “DDeor.” 12.1; καὶ κέρατι μὲν αὐλεῖν Τυρρηνοὶ νομίζουσι 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 4.76, compare Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 4.184a.
__III.3 drinking-horn, ἐκ τοῦ κέρατος αὖ μοι δὸς πιεῖν Hermippus Comicus 43, compare Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.2.23, “OGI” 214.43 (Didyma, 3rd c.BC) ; ἐξ ἀργυρέων κ. πίνειν Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 166, compare “IG” 12.280.77; ἀργυρηλάτοις κέρασι χρυσᾶ στόμια προσβεβλημένοις Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 185; ἐκπιόντι χρύσεον κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 483 ; for measuring liquids, Galenus Medicus 13.435.
__III.4 Ἀμαλθείας κ. cornucopiae, see at {Ἀμάλθεια}.
__IV βοὸς κ. probably a horn guard or cover attached to a fishing-line, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.81, cf. Scholia; ἐς πόντον προΐησι βοὸς κέρας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.253; ψάμμῳ κ. αἰὲν ἐρείδων “Anthologia Graeca” 6.230 (1st c.AD(?): Maecius Epigrammaticus), compare Aristarchus Grammaticus cited in Apollonius Biographus “Lex.” see {κέρᾳ ἀγλαέ}, Aristoteles Philosophus cited in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.977a (also explained as a fishing-line of ox-hair (compare belowsee.l), cited in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.976f, compare 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.31 ; perhaps an artificial bait).
__IV.2 clyster-pipe, Oribasius Medicus 8.32 7.
__IV.3 in plural, horn points with which the writing-reed was tipped, “Anthologia Graeca” 6.227 (1st cCrinagoras Epigrammaticus).
__V of objects shaped like horns,
__V.1 a mode of dressing the hair, κέρᾳ ἀγλαέ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.385 (unless the meaning be bow), compare Aristarchus Grammaticus (at prev. work), Herodorus and Apionap. 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis (at prev. work): hence κέρας is explained as ={θρίξ} or κόμη, Apollonius Biographus “Lex.”, Hdn.Gr. cited in Eust. same place, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.31, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus ; compare iv. l, and see at {κεροπλάστης}.
__V.2 arm or branch of a river, Ὠκεανοῖο κ. Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 789; Νείλου Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 201; τὸ Μενδήσιον κέρας Thucydides Historicus 1.110; ἐν Ἰνδοῖς ἐν τῷ Κέρατι καλουμένῳ Aristoteles Philosophus “Mirabilia” 835b5, compare “Mu.” 393b5 ; τὸ κ. τὸ Βυζαντίων the 'Golden Horn', 1st cStrabo Geographus 7.6.2, compare Polybius Historicus 4.43.7, Scholia Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.282 ; Ἑσπέρου K., name of a bay, Hanno Geographus “Periplus - GGM” 14, compare Philostratus Sophista “Vitae Sophistarum” 1.21.2.
__V.3 wing of an army, Herodotus Historicus 9.26, etc.; or fleet, prev. author 6.8, Thucydides Historicus 2.90, etc. ; κ. δεξιόν, λαιόν, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 399, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 704; τὸ εὐώνυμον κ. ἀναπτύσσειν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.10.9.
__V.3.b κατὰ κέρας προσβάλλειν, ἐπιπεσεῖν, to attack in flank, Thucydides Historicus 3.78, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.5.16, etc. ; κατὰ κ. προσιέναι, ἕπεσθαι, prev. author “Cyr.” 7.1.8 and 28; κατὰ κ. συμπεσών Polybius Historicus 1.40.14; πρὸς κ. μάχεσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.1.22.
__V.3.c ἐπὶ κέρας ἀνάγειν τὰς νέας to lead a fleet in column, Herodotus Historicus 6.12, compare 14; κατὰ μίαν ἐπὶ κέρως παραπλεῖν Thucydides Historicus 2.90, compare 6.32, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.3.34, Eubulus Comicus 67.4 ; of armies, κατὰ κέρας, opposed to ἐπὶ φάλαγγος, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.6.43, compare “An.” 4.6.6, “HG” 7.4.23; εἰς κ. prev. author “Eq.Mag.” 4.3; ἐκ κέρατος εἰς φάλαγγα καταστῆσαι prev. author “Cyr.” 8.5.15 ; οὐκ ἐλᾶτε πρὸς τὸ δεξιὸν κ.; Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 243.
__V.4 corps of 8192 men, ={διφαλαγγαρχία}, Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 2.6, Arrianus Historicus “Tactica” 10.7.
__V.4.b = {μεραρχία}, Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 2.10.
__V.4.c contingent of thirty-two chariots, prev. work 8, Aelianus “Tactica - Griechische Kriegsschriftsteller” 22.2.
__V.5 sailyard, ={κεραία}, “Anthologia Graeca” 5.203 (Meleager Epigrammaticus), “OGI” 674.30 (Egypt, 1st c.AD), Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 6, “POxy.” 2136.6 (3rd c.AD).
__V.6 mountainpeak, variant in “Hymni Homerici” 1.8 ; spur, τὸ κ. τοῦ ὄρους Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.6.7, compare Lycophron Tragicus 534 : in plural, extremities of the earth, γῆς Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 2.18 (pl.).
__V.7 in Anatomy, extremities of the uterus, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἐπικυήσιος” 1, Galenus Medicus 7.266 ; of the diaphragm, Soranus Medicus 1.57.
__V.7.b ἁπαλὸν κ., = {πόσθη}, Archilochus Lyricus 171, compareNeophro (?) in “PLit.Lond.” 77 “fragment” 2.19, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 278, “Anthologia Graeca” 12.95.6 (Meleager Epigrammaticus).
__V.8 of the πήχεις of the lyre, χρυσόδετον κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 244 (Lyric poetry) (rather than the bridge, because made of horn, Aelius Dionysius Grammaticus “fragment” 133, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 4.62).
__VI κέρατα ποιεῖν τινι to give him horns, cuckold him, proverbial in Artemidorus Daldianus Onirocriticus 2.11; compare κερασφόρος 11.
__VII = {κερατίνης}, Lucianus Sophista “DMort.” 1.2.
__VIII = {σταφυλῖνος ἄγριος}, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 3.52 ; ={οἰνάνθη}, uncertain in Ps.- Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 3.120.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κεραία G2762 "uiteinde, top, punt"; Grieks κεράτιον G2769 "Johannesbrood, Ceratonia silqua"; Grieks κρανίον G2898 "schedel";

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