G2776 κεφαλή
hoofd, kop
Taal: Grieks

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Hoofd (lichaamsdeel),

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kefalē,

Synoniemen en gelijksoortige woorden


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ, [in LXX nearly always for רֹאשׁ H7218;] the head: Mt 5:36, Mk 6:24, Re 1:14 9:7, al. mult.; fig., ἄνθρακες ἐπὶ τὴν κ., Ro 12:20(LXX); αἷμα, Ac 18:6; metaph., of a husband, c. gen., I Co 11:3, Eph 5:23; of Christ, I Co 11:3, Eph 4:15 5:23, Col 1:18 2:10, 19; of things, κ. γωνίας, Mt 21:42(LXX).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κεφᾰλή, ἡ,
  head of man or beast, Homerus Epicus (see.below), Alcaeus Lyricus 15, etc.; once in Aeschylus Tragicus, “Th.” 525 (Lyric poetry), once in Sophocles Tragicus, “Aj.” 238 (anap.), also in Euripides Tragicus, “fragment” 308 (anap.), “Rh.” 226 (Lyric poetry), al.; ἄλλου οὐδενὸς ἐμψύχου κ. γεύσεται Αἰγυπτίων οὐδείς Herodotus Historicus 2.39 ; κεφαλῇ.. μείζονες taller in stature, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.168 ; so μείων.. κεφαλήν prev. work 193 Aristarchus Grammaticus: frequently with Preps.,
__a κατὰ κεφαλῆς, Epic dialect κὰκ κεφαλῆς, down over the head, κόνιν.. χεύατο κὰκ κεφαλῆς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.24, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.85, etc.
__b κατὰ κεφαλήν, Epic dialect κὰκ κεφαλήν on the head, Ἐρύλαον.. βάλε πέτρῳ μέσσην κὰκ κεφαλήν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.412, compare 20.387, 475 : in Prose, from above, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.2.8 : c.genitive, above, κ. κ. τινῶν γενέσθαι prev. work 7.2.11 ; τὸ κ. κ. ὕδωρ, of rain water, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.10.7 (-ὴν codices), “CP” 6.18.10 (-ῆς): in Architecture texts, upright, Inscriptiones Graecae 22.463.42 ; also, per head, each person (compare below 1.2), Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1272a14, LXX.Exo.16.16; κατὰ κεφαλὴν τῶν κωμητῶν “PPetr.” 2p.17 (3rd c.BC). +4th c.BC+
__c ἐς πόδας ἐκ κεφαλῆς from head to foot, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.169; τὰ πράγματα ἐκ τῶν ποδῶν ἐς τὴν κ. σοι πάντ᾽ ἐρῶ Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 650.
__d ἐπὶ κεφαλήν head foremost, ἐπὶ κ. κατορύξαι to bury head downwards, Herodotus Historicus 3.35 ; ἐπὶ κ. ὠθέεσθαι to be thrust headlong, prev. author 7.136, compare Hyperides Orator “Fragmenta” 251; ἐπὶ κ. ὠθεῖν τινα ἐκ τοῦ θρόνου Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 553b; ἐπὶ τὴν κ. εἰς κόρακας ὦσον Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 138; εὐθὺς ἐπὶ κ. εἰς τὸ δικαστήριον βαδίζειν Demosthenes Orator 42.12 ; οὐ βουλόμενος πολίτας ἄνδρας ἐπὶ κ. εἰσπράττειν τὸν μισθόν recklessly, Hyperides Orator “pro Lycophrone” 17 ; ἐπὶ ταῖς κεφαλαῖς περιφέρειν carry on high, in token of admiration, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 600d.
__2 as the noblest part, periphrastic for the whole person, πολλὰς ἰφθίμους κ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.55, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.343, etc. ; ἶσον ἐμῇ κ. no less than myself, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.82; ἑᾷ κ. Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.67; especially in salutation, φίλη κ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.281, compare 18.114; ἠθείη κ. 23.94; Ἄπολλον, ὦ δία κ. Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 226 (Lyric poetry): in Prose, Φαῖδρε, φίλη κ. Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 264a; τῆς θείας κ. Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 7.212a : in bad sense, ὦ κακαὶ κεφαλαί Herodotus Historicus 3.29; ὦ μιαρὰ κ. Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 285: periphrastic in Prose, πεντακοσίας κεφαλὰς τῶν Ξέρξεω πολεμίων Herodotus Historicus 9.99 : in bad sense, ἡ μιαρὰ καὶ ἀναιδὴς αὕτη κ. Demosthenes Orator 21.117, compare 18.153; ἡ κ. τῶν αὐτοῦ “PRein.” 57.8 (4th c.AD) ; μεγάλη κ. a great personage, Vett. Val. 74.7; compare above 1 b near the end
__3 life, ἐμῇ κ. περιδείδια Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.242; σύν τε μεγάλῳ ἀπέτεισαν, σὺν σφῇσιν κεφαλῇσι 4.162 ; παρθέμενοι κεφαλάς staking their heads on the cast, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.237 ; τὴν κ. ἀποβαλέεις Herodotus Historicus 8.65.
__4 in imprecations, ἐς κεφαλὴν τράποιτ᾽ ἐμοί on my head be it! Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 833; ἐς τὴν κ. ἅπαντα τὴν σὴν τρέψεται prev. author “Nu.” 40; ἃ σοὶ καὶ τοῖς σοῖς οἱ θεοὶ τρέψειαν εἰς κ. Demosthenes Orator 18.290 ; ἐς κ. σοί (i.e. τράποιτο) Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1063, “Pl.” 526; σοὶ εἰς κ. Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 283e; τὰ μὲν πρότερον.. ἐγὼ κεφαλῇ ἀναμάξας φέρω Herodotus Historicus 1.155; οἷς ἂν.. τὴν αἰτίαν ἐπὶ τὴν κ. ἀναθεῖεν Demosthenes Orator 18.294; τὸ αἷμα ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τὴν κ. ὑμῶν NT.Act.18.6.
__II of things, extremity,
__II.a in Botany, κ. σκορόδου head (= inflorescence) of garlic, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 718, compare Polybius Historicus 12.6.4; κ. μήκωνος Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 9.8.2 ; ῥίζα κ. ἔχουσα πλείονας tubers, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 3.120.
__II.b in Anatomy, κεφαλαὶ τῆς κάτω γνάθου, probably the condyloid and coronoid processes, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 30 ; ἡ κ. τοῦ ὄρχεως, ={ἐπιδιδυμίς}, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 510a14, compare Galenus Medicus 4.565 ; μηροῦ, κνήμης κ., 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.186, 188 ; of the base of the heart, Galenus Medicus “de Usu Partium” 6.16 ; but, apex, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ καρδίης” 7 ; of the sac in poulps, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 654a23, 685a5 ; of muscles, origin, Galenus Medicus “de Usu Partium” 7.14.
__II.c generally, top, brim of a vessel, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 8.87 ; coping of a wall, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.68 ; capital of a column, “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 2782.31 (from Aphrodisias), LXX.3Ki.7.16, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 7.121. +2nd c.AD+
__II.d in plural, source of a river, Herodotus Historicus 4.91 (butsg., mouth, οἶδα Γέλα ποταμοῦ κεφαλῇ ἐπικείμενον ἄστυ Callias Epigrammaticus “Aet.Oxy.” 2080.48) : generally, source, origin, Ζεὺς κ. (variant{ἀρχή}), Ζεὺς μέσσα, Διὸς δ᾽ ἒκ πάντα τελεῖται τέτυκται codices) Orphica “Fragmenta” 21a ; starting-point, κ. χρόνου “Placita Philosophorum” 2.32.2 (κρόνου codices), Lydus, Joannes Laurentius Historicus “de Mensibus” 3.4; κ. μηνός prev. work 12.
__II.e extremity of a plot of land, “PPetr.” 3p.72 (3rd c.BC), “PFlor.” 50.83 (3rd c.AD).
__III Ὁμηρείη κ. bust of Homer, “IG” 14.1183.10.
__IV κ. περίθετος wig, head-dress, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 258.
__V metaphorically, κ. δείπνου pièce de résistance, Alexander Rhetor 172.15.
__V.2 crown, completion, κεφαλὴν ἐπιθεῖναι Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 69b; ὥσπερ κ. ἀποδοῦναι τοῖς εἰρημένοις prev. author “Phlb.” 66d, compare “Grg.” 505d; ὥσπερ κεφαλὴν ἔχουσα ἐπιστήμη Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1141a19 ; consummation, σχεῖν κ. Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 39d.
__V.3 sum, total, πάσας ἐρρηγείας “Tab.Heracl.” 1.36 ; of money, “IG” 12(9).7 (Carystus, 4th c.BC), “SIG” 245ii 36 (Delph., 4th c.BC).
__V.4 band of men, LXX.Job.1.17 ; right-hand half of a phalanx (opposed to οὐρά), Arrianus Historicus “Tactica” 8.3, Aelianus “Tactica - Griechische Kriegsschriftsteller” 7.3.
__V.5 Astron., κ. τοῦ κόσμου, of Aries, Hephaestio Astrologus 1.1 . (ghebh-, compare κεβλή and Engl. gable.)
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Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀποκεφαλίζω G607 "onthoofden"; Grieks κεφάλαιον G2774 "hoofdzaak, geldbedrag, som"; Grieks κεφαλίς G2777 "kopje"; Grieks περικεφαλαία G4030 "helm"; Grieks προσκεφάλαιον G4344 "hoofdkussen";

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